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Determining Importance

Literacy Class
by

Stacey Callahan

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Determining Importance

Determining Importance What is determining importance? Determining Importance A strategy that readers use to distinguish between what information in a text is most important versus what information is interesting but not necessary for understanding (Allington & Cunningham, 2008). Model by introducing what is determining importance? On the video, a camping trip was described. You have the following task.

You must spend one year on a deserted island. You may only bring 15 items with you. The island has nothing and you need to survive for one year (Gear, 2010).

Make a list on the piece of scrap paper ... Before strategy - Determining Importance Students read the text, think about it and make decisions on what they need to remember and learn. During Reading - Determining Importance Response Journal
Students to record the main idea and supporting details in their journals.
Main Idea–Supporting Details Sort
Write the main idea and three to four supporting details, each on its own note card. Allow small groups to discuss each note card in order to distinguish the main idea from the supporting details.
Main Idea Web (will demonstrate)
Consensus
Students work with a partner to share their ideas and come to a consensus about what is most important.
Nonfiction Text-Features Resource Book
Will provide example from Harvey & Goudvis

http://www.ohiorc.org/Literacy_K5/strategy/strategy_each.aspx?id=000006 After Reading - Determining Importance References and websites

Allington, A. & Cunningham, P. M. (2008, September). Retrieved from http://beyondpenguins.ehe.osu.edu/issue/rocks-and-minerals/determining-importance-helping-students-recognize-important-points-in-content-text

Gear, A. (2010). Nonfiction reading power, teaching students how to think while they read all kinds of information. Pembroke Pub Ltd.

Harvey, S., & Goudvis, A. (2007). Strategies that work. (2nd ed.). Markham, Ontario: Pembroke Publishers Limited.

Kump, L. (n.d.). Reading lady. Retrieved from http://www.readinglady.com/

Wissman, J. (2012). The ohio resource center. Retrieved from http://www.ohiorc.org/Literacy_K5/strategy/strategy_each.aspx?id=000006 Determining importance is usually introduced in nonfiction. This is because nonfiction is reading to learn. Readers must decide and remember what is important from the text in order to learn from the text. (Harvey & Goudvis, 2007) My list:
1. matches 9. toothbrush
2. fishing pole 10. tent
3. water bottle 11. backpack
4. sleeping bag 12. favorite book
5. sneakers 13. paper
6. fishing hooks 14. pencil
7. my glasses 15. seeds
8. fork Remember, not everyone's list may be the same. Finding the main idea is not about getting the right answer, it is thinking about the text to figure out what you want to take away from it. Deciding what information is important and what is not (Gear, 2010). Strategies to use:
Overviewing - a form of skimming & scanning
Highlighting
Nonfiction Features That Signal Importance
Fonts and effects
Cue words and phrases
Illustrations and photographs
Graphics
Text organizers
Text structures Harvey & Goudvis, 2007 FQR Chart - Facts-Question-Response Chart (Harvey & Goudvis, 2007)

Supports students to ask questions, determine importance in text and respond with their own opinions and thoughts.
When students have the opportunity to share and explain their own thinking about text, they learn and remember important information. We will read from
http://www.timeforkids.com/news/nation%E2%80%99s-report-card/18331
The Nation's Report Card
Start filling in your FQR with Facts. Main Idea Web This graphic organizer will help students identify the main idea of a story and the details that support it. Let us read the paragraph on the hummingbird. Fill in what you think is the main idea
Add supporting details as to why Handout - lots of good information from various sources (Kump) What is my purpose for reading this text?
What is the authors purpose for writing this text?
Identify the key ideas
Use text features to help identify important ideas, concepts, and details Determining Importance
Fiction: Infer the bigger idea or theme
Nonfiction: Gaining information, acquiring knowledge, use features and text clues Determining Importance http://www.ereadingworksheets.com/reading-worksheets/main-idea-2-answers.html
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