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Fillers and discourse markers in fluent speech
Transcript of Fillers and discourse markers in fluent speech
Self-monitoring and repair
What makes one's speaking strong?
Fluency concerns the [person's] capacity to produce language in real time without undue pausing or hesitation.'
(Skehan, 1996, cited in Thornbury, 2005)
uh, um, yeah...
by the way, that reminds me, like I say, yes but, uh-huh, well anyway...
sort of, I mean, stuff, thingy
Discourse markers and fillers
1) Motivate sts and give a short speaking task
Monitor and collect feedback
2) Motivate sts and pre-teach vocab
Set (listening) task; check in pairs; re-listen; check together
3) Focus on form: awareness-raising activities (check in pairs, check together)
4) Speaking practice
in fluent speech
Speech rate (the number of syllables per second – including pause time)
Articulation rate (the number of syllables per second of time of articulation)
The mean pause length (also, the placingof pauses inside or between clause boundaries)
The mean 'length of run' (the number of syllables between pauses)
Thornbury, S. (2006) How to Teach Speaking
Willis, D. (2003) Rules, Patterns and Words
Brown, G., Yule, G. (1983) Teaching the Spoken Language
Wood, D. (2012) Formulaic Language and Second Language Speech Fluency: Background, Evidence and Classroom Applications