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The Algonquin Tribe Exhibit

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Baylee Monley

on 16 June 2015

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Transcript of The Algonquin Tribe Exhibit

They lived mainly in the Ottawa River region of Canada. This is now known as Ontario and Quebec. Where they lived had all four seasons. So it was cold in the winter and they had lots of snow in winter. It was cool in the spring and everything was melting and is muddy. In the summer it was warm and sunny. In the fall it was cooler and the trees where changing color.
Algonquin’s lived and traveled in bands. These bands were made up of about 100 to 300 members. Next the bands were divided up into families of about 25 close relatives. The families lived in lodges that were created from bent saplings and birch bark. The Algonquin’s found food in the winter by hunting animals such as deer and moose. During the rest of the year they fished and gathered wild fruits and other edible plants to eat. They are particularly known for the canoes that they build and the snowshoes that they used in the winter. They had their own special type of snowshoes that are different from the ones that other tribes used. They also used toboggans in the winter for transportation.
An example of a European Country that affected the Algonquin’s was the French. They made alliances with the French and the French adopted some of their methods of travel and their terms. Before the Revolutionary War the British also had an effect on the Algonquin’s. They pushed the Algonquin’s off a large part of their land. The US did not have much effect on the Algonquin’s because by the time the Revolutionary war was over they had been mostly pushed off all the land in the US and into Canada.
Culture Continued
Algonquians had very interesting religious beliefs. They believed in a great spirit that was an epically powerful god. Some men and women were thought to have special powers and they were thought of as advisers. These people were called shamans. The Algonquians also believed that they were affected by ancestral spirits.
Thank you!

What tribe did your team choose for the exhibit?

We chose the Algonquin Tribe.
What did you learn about the tribe’s origins?

We learned where the majority of them lived.
What did you learn about the tribe’s culture?

They believed in a great spirit, as well as ancestral spirits. They lived in huts made from birch bark and small saplings. They also were one of the first people to come up with canoes and they came up with a different kind of snowshoe to get around in the snow in the winter.
What did you learn about the tribe’s changes?

That there really were no changes in the tribe other than that they eventually got smaller as a tribe, and that they were pushed off a lot of their land by some european country's.

What did you learn about the tribe’s leaders?

We learned that the tribe leaders wore feather head dresses and fancier clothes that were like dresses than all of the other people.
Why did your team choose the items featured in the exhibit?
We found that they were the best for the project that we chose to do.
The Algonquin Tribe Exhibit
Great Leaders
Gino Odjick is the leader of the Algonquin Tribe. The leader of each Algonquin band is called ogima or ogema, which is translated as "chief" in English. The ogima used to be chosen by tribal councilmembers, often from the last chief's sons, nephews, or sons-in-law. Today ogimas are elected by the Algonquins, just like governors or mayors. Algonquin chiefs began wearing a feathered headdress.
By: Baylee Monley
By: Rylee Monley
By: Sophia Novacek
For watching!
This Presentation was created by Baylee, Rylee, and Sophia. We all hope that you learned something and found it interesting.
05.02 A Native Dilemma—Collaboration Opportunity

Native Americans today live all around the United States and other countries. A slight majority of those in the United States are fully assimilated, while the rest live on reservations scattered throughout the states. Many work to keep their history and culture alive through writing and cultural events. Native American festivals occur throughout the year in various places, but not all Americans live close enough to experience one.

Imagine you are part of a committee planning a virtual festival to celebrate Native American cultures. A virtual festival will help more people learn about their lives and history. Your team will create an exhibit for the festival focusing on one Native American tribe.

A. Choose a Native American Tribe

Recognizing the great diversity within Native American groups, each team of students will focus on a different Native American tribal group. Note there are smaller tribes included in many of these groupings. Your team should agree on one of these choices, selected for the availability of information:
Step Two: Collect Information About the History and Culture

Each member of the team should learn about the tribe. Research these topics:


Great Leaders

Example questions to guide research

Where did they live? What was it like there?
What stories do they have? What tools did they use? What games did children play? What other things did they do for fun? What did they make? What were their religious beliefs? What did their clothing look like? Who was responsible for what chores?
How has the tribe changed during the history of the United States? Did the tribe make a treaty with the United States? Did the tribe adopt European culture?
Who are important leaders in the tribe's history? What did they do?

Helpful Resources:

Native American resources for students
The Smithsonian's online collection of Native American resources
The Digital History web site
Web site created by an educator about the Dineh, Muscogee, Tlingit, Lakota, and Algonquin tribes
You may visit the FLVS Virtual Library for additional resources.

Step Three: Plan the Exhibit

Your team's exhibit should contain at least one visual item with a written description for each topic: origin, culture, change, and great leaders. As a team, choose how you will create your virtual exhibit. Use these questions to guide your planning:

Will you use a computer program that you all have?
Will you use a Web 2.0 tool that each of you can access?
Who will start the exhibit and share it with the team?
What items do you wish to feature?
Who will collect the images?
Who will write the descriptions?
When do you need to finish the exhibit?

Step Four: Create and Edit the Exhibit

Use your team's plans from Step Three as a guide for putting together your exhibit. Make sure to communicate with your team as you work on the look and quality of the exhibit. Make changes to the plan only with the team’s agreement.

Example Exhibit Entry:

[Image of a painting called “Os-ce-o-lá, The Black Drink, a Warrior of Great Distinction” by George Catlin, 1938.]

This is a painting of the Seminole war leader Osceola. He was born in 1804. Osceola led followers in resistance to removal in the Second Seminole War. He convinced one of the Seminole chiefs, Micanopy, not to sign the removal treaty. Osceola is famous for never surrendering to U.S. soldiers, even after capture in the woods of northeast Florida. He died in 1838 of malaria at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina. Many places in Florida are named for him today.

Working with Sketches and Pictures

You can scan hand-drawn sketches into your computer or take a digital photograph of them. You could instead take a digital photograph of the artifact piece.
You can take a screenshot of any online picture by pressing “PrtSc” or “Print Screen” on your keyboard. Then open your computer's image program (like “Paint”) and click “Paste.”
Save any sketch, photo, or screenshot you use in a picture file format like .jpg or .bmp. You can then copy or import the image files into your exhibit.

Step Five: Write Reflections

Once the exhibit is complete, answer these reflection questions.

What tribe did your team choose for the exhibit?
What did you learn about the tribe’s origins?
What did you learn about the tribe’s culture?
What did you learn about the tribe’s changes?
What did you learn about the tribe’s leaders?
Why did your team choose the items featured in the exhibit?

Step Six: Put It All Together

Now your team will present the exhibit to the festival coordinator (your instructor). When you submit your final project, be sure to include these items:

complete exhibit
your answers to the reflection questions

Origin Pictures
These Native Americans fought other tribes in battle. An example of this was how they fought with the Iroquois tribe during the 1600’s. In 1640 the Algonquians were defeated and driven from their land. Around this time and epidemic of measles and smallpox brought down the Algonquin population. Today there are still 8,000 surviving Algonquin.
Culture Continued Pictures!
Culture Pictures
Change Pictures
Great Leaders Pictures
This Presentation was created by Baylee, Rylee, and Sophia. We all hope that you learned something and found it interesting.
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