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The cycle of the couch p

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by

Evan Luc

on 8 December 2015

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Transcript of The cycle of the couch p

Ben
Life-cycle energy usage of 1 smartphone
with a 3yr life span:
370 MJ
??
Leaving on
a compact fluorescent
lightbulb
24
hours a day
for
9 and 1/2 months
on end
Energy equivalent for 1 smartphone life-cycle

Rare Earth Minerals
atomic numbers 57 through 71
CO2 EMISSIONS
Copper mining: what it leaves behind
Greenhouse Gas Impact Potential (GWP) of a smartphone Life-Cycle
Ercan, E. M. 2013. Global Warming Potential of a Smartphone - Using Life Cycle Analysis Methodology. Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
Political
spending
Consumption
culture
US Political Contributions from the Electronics Industry
Casting a wide lobbying net:
homeland security bills
taxes
copyright
immigration issues
measures dealing with consumer rights online
cyber security
global human rights
competition bills
internet tax bills
law enforcement data storage bills
www.opensecrets.org
www.opensecrets.org
Just how hard is this extraction process?
Usage
We're already planning to look off planet for this mining.

“...our technologies can be considered geological artifacts that are carved out of the earth and produced by a planetary scaled factory. Supply chains are so huge in scale that they almost become invisible."
Planned
obsolescence
Greenhouse Gases
Microchip Manufacturing
Over 250
Liam Young, co-head of The Unknown Fields Division.
M
A
N
U
F
A
C
T
U
R
Raw materials
What is this?
“Terms like the 'cloud', or 'MacBook air' imply that our gadgets are just ephemeral objects


- and this is the story we all want to believe."
Liam Young, co-head of The Unknown Fields Division, a self-declared "nomadic design studio" whose aim is to reflect the shadows luxury products cast across the planet.
Couch Potatoes
The effect of home electronic gadgetry on people and the environment.
The cycle of the couch potato
Ghana
Substantial Digestive Issues
Neurological Problems
Respiratory Failure
Abnormal Bone Density
etc.
I
N
G
Consumption conveyor belt
2.21 Billion Ton Annually
In the seas... BIOACCUMULATION
POLLUTERS
PAYERS
Keeping up with Moore's Law
IMPACTS
PSYCHOLOGICAL
IMPACTS
Stress
Stress associated with the personal use of smart phones, rather than work.
Distraction
27% of crashes (1.6 million) involve talking on handheld and hands-free cell phones or texting while driving.
Shorter Attention Spans
Decrease in attention span linked to an increase in average daily exposure to screens.
Data Manufacturing:
On The Rise
Children are no longer active
The Cloud... What's the verdict?
Does this tell the whole story?
Energy equivalent for one couch potato's life-long smartphone usage
Average age of first cell phone in Canada:
13
Average life-expectancy in Canada:
80
Average duration of cell phone usage in Canada:
67
80-13 =
At an average rate of 1 phone every 3 years, the average Canadian will consume 22 phones in his/her lifetime.
8,263 MJ
The energy required for the manufacturing of 1 car.
Energy equivalent for our class' life-long smartphone usage
x 55
Energy equivalent for our class' life-long electronics usage
Energy Life-Cycle Analysis of a Smartphone
Potential Short Term Solutions:
21 months
3-5 years
3 years
100%
BETWEEN
55 - 121
BEN
Evan
Chloé
Levi
Planned Obsolescence
What are the motives?
Marketing
advertising
Waste?
How many production steps?
Labour
Resources
Energy
How much does a microchip weigh?
Microchip: 2g
Physical waste: 26kg
"Neutralized" water: 32kg
E-waste chemicals in your blood
SOURCE
CHEMICAL
EFFECT
PCB

CFC

HEAVY
METALS
From intermediaries alone!
1 km
microchip
0.9kg of copper in computer
281kg of waste rock
...just in the extraction phase
...not accounting for manufacturing waste
4-10 years
Social Injustice: Bioaccumulation in Canada
energy
recycling
shelf-life
environmental
dumping laws
1970
2015
Increasing manufacturing complexity
Decreasing size
Increasing processing speeds
Physical waste
Pollution
a. A sheep
b. Furby
c. A radioactive dog
d. Chewbacca
...and associated strategies
MUNCH!
MUNCH!
What is this?
What now?
On Land... gigantic dumpsites
E-Waste Exporting &
The Negative Externalities
Health issues at e-waste dumpsites
Impacts on the consumer
&
Resolution?
Green washing
Making you feel like you want it all...
Vital Investment?
"Though industry revenues are experiencing slower-than-average growth, the industry’s top advertisers are focusing their marketing dollars on big-budget campaigns for their fastest-growing products: tablets, smartphones and other 'smart' devices."
$2.83 billion in advertising spent in 2012.
eMarketer.com
HEALTH
C
U
L
T
U
R
E
O
F
C
O
N
V
E
N
I
E
N
C
E
Decrease in Empathy Levels
Perturbed sleep cycle
College students empathy levels 40% lower than 20 years ago.
Artificial light from screens suppress the release of melatonin, a sleep inducing hormone.
... despite the fact that 91% of Canadian students have regular access to playing fields.
85.9% of Northern Aboriginal communities show signs of mercury poisoning.
Immediate gratification
2008: $138 million spent on lobbying by the electronics industry.
Funding:
political campaigns
senators
cogressmen
...
--> Interfering with politics to ensure more profits in the industry.
Children who are able to delay gratification have been shown to do better in life.
?
Bayan Obo mine
1 data center = enough electricity to power 180,000 homes
50% more energy used to move bytes around...
...than to move planes in global aviation.
Children 40 years ago ran a mile 90secs faster than today...
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