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The five paragraph essay

expository writing
by

Khaali Terrell

on 15 September 2013

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Transcript of The five paragraph essay

You already have your first paragraph done!
Pretty easy, huh?
We write for fun. We write letters, stories, jokes, and to share information with our family or friends.
Most school writing, however, is expository writing and fits into a different category.
Different Kinds of Writing
Gives information about a topic
Explains ideas
Gives directions
Shows how to do something
Expository Writing
Expository Writing Uses Transitions
Expository writing uses transition words (such as first, second, and most importantly). These words help guide the reader through the explanation.
It’s Easy!
Start with your main idea or topic.
(use key words from the prompt)
A Framework for
Expository Writing

The Five-Paragraph Essay
You ONLY Need Three Ideas...
Three reasons that show your topic sentence is true
And three examples for each of your reasons (Remember to show, not tell.)
Use Correct
Paragraph Form
Each paragraph must include:
Topic Sentence
Three Examples
Conclusion
No paragraph should be less
than five sentences.
The Beginning -
Your First Sentences
Start with a topic sentence that uses the key words from the prompt. Then write three reasons that prove the topic sentence is true.
Now end with a conclusion:
Remember, each paragraph must have a concluding sentence.
Finish with a sentence that restates your topic sentence
To make it even easier look at this organizational plan.
Paragraph 1: The Introduction
Introduction or Topic Sentence (Use key words from the prompt)
First Subtopic (A “Showing” Example)
Second Subtopic (A “Showing” Example)
Third Subtopic (A “Showing” Example)
Conclusion (Restates Introduction)
Introduction Paragraph : Example
My favorite pet is my dog, Romeo. He is beautiful and easy to care for. Playing with him is lots of fun. He always takes care of me. I have never had a better pet.
Restate each subtopic as the topic sentence for each of the next three paragraphs.
First Subtopic (Example #1)

“He is beautiful and easy to care for.” is the topic sentence you will restate for your next paragraph.
Paragraph 3: Example #1
Topic Sentence (Restates Example #1 from the Introduction “He is beautiful and easy to care for.” )
3 Example Sentences (Prove your Topic Sentence)
Concluding Sentence (Restates Topic Sentence from Example #1)
Restate the third subtopic as the topic sentence for the next paragraph.
Third Subtopic (Example #2)

“Playing with him is lots of fun.” is the topic sentence you will restate for your next paragraph.
Paragraph 3: Example #2
Topic Sentence (Restate Example #2 from the Introduction “Playing with him is lots of fun.”)
3 Example Sentences (Prove your Topic Sentence)
Concluding Sentence (Restates Topic Sentence from Example #2)
Use the last subtopic (example) as the topic sentence for the next paragraph.
Third Subtopic (Example #3)
“He always takes care of me.”
is the topic sentence for your next paragraph.
Paragraph 4: Example #3

Topic Sentence (Restates Example #3 from the Introduction “Romeo takes care of me.”)
3 Example Sentences (That prove your Topic Sentence)
Concluding Sentence (Restates Topic Sentence from Example #3)
Paragraph 4: Example #3
Romeo takes care of me. He always follows me when I leave a room. When I am sitting on a couch he plops down right beside me. On sunny days when we are hiking in the woods he always makes sure that I keep up with the rest of the family. He always watches out for me.
Paragraph 5: Conclusion
(Restates Paragraph 1: Introduction)

Introduction
First Subtopic (Example)
Second Subtopic (Example)
Third Sentence (Example)
Conclusion
Paragraph 5: Conclusion
(Restates Paragraph 1: Introduction)
As you can see, Romeo is a great pet. I am proud of him and he doesn’t require much care. Playing with him is very pleasurable. I am always safe because he watches over me. Romeo is a wonderful pet.
There you have it!
Expository writing isn’t that difficult when you have a plan. To make it even easier you may want to use a graphic organizer like the following ones to organize your thoughts.
So, your
teacher gives you
a prom
pt and tells you to
write
an expository essay:
"Write about your favorite pet
What do you do???
Don't panic!
follow this plan.
Why?
The purpose of expository writing is to communicate ideas or to answer questions.
Paragraph 2: Example
Romeo is beautiful and easy to care for. He is a tricolor Sheltie, mostly black with white and a bit of brown. Caring for him is easy because I simply have to make sure he has fresh water and food every day. I exercise him by throwing his toys. Because he is good looking and doesn't require much care Romeo is a good pet.
Paragraph 3: example
Romeo is lots of fun to play with. He loves to play catch. He follows me around the house with a toy and drops it on my foot so I will toss it. He can catch just about anything, but his favorite is chasing a Frisbee. I really Have fun playing with Romeo
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