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Europe's Early Middle Ages
Transcript of Europe's Early Middle Ages
Vocabulary; People; and Groups
Europe's Early Middle Ages
Ten words you should know to understand the topic: Europe's early middle ages
-a time or period when art, literature, and learning is revived
-means rebirth( rebirth: renaiss in French; renasci in Latin)
-knowledge or culture passed down from the past
-outsider from the Romans' point of view
-insult meaning uncultured person
-a ancient religion of the Jews that began over 3000 years ago
-a fixed sum of money attached to a person or a piece of property as their value to society
-a group that a person belongs to, determined by wealth, role in society, or heritage
-means Roman Peace; refers to the long-lasting era of peace under the Roman Empire
-the Christian religion
-based on the life, and teachings of Jesus Christ
-the religious faith of Muslims
- also called Muhammadanism
n European o
-named 'Germanic' by Roman writers
-includes Teutones, Visigoths, Angles, Saxons, Jutes, Franks, Ostrogoths
a piece of artwork from Charlemagne's Carolingian Renaissance
Christ was the founder of the religion Christianity. He lived in the Roman Empire in the first century from 2 to 30 C.E.
- Christianity is based on the belief that the two most important commandments from God are to 'love God fully and totally with all your entire soul', and 'love others like you would yourself'. Christian belief also teaches that all people, no matter how poor or rich they are, are precious to god.
Jesus succeed in making his religion the most wide spread in the world through his apostles. Christianity spread rapidly through the trade routes of the Roman Empire.
Justinian was a Byzantine emperor who ruled in the sixth century from 527 to 565 C.E. Many people consider him as one of the most capable leaders in history.
Together with his wife Theodora, Justinian accomplished many notable accomplishments. For one, he gathered all the written laws of the Roman Empire into one single code , the Justinian Code. This code became the fundamental basis for a vast number of laws in Western countries.
Jesus in converstion with his apostles
Theodora was one of the most notable women in history, in terms of the amount of power she had. She was the ruler of an empire about 3,500,000 square kilometers big, with a population of 26,000,000
Theodora ruled with Justinian during their 38-year rein.
Despite the lack of rights women had at the beginning of her career, Theodora had just as much control as Justinian.
Theodora was born in 497 C.E., fifteen years after Justinian was born.
Theodora was a positive influence to the governing force of Byzantine. For example, when Justinian was under threat from assassination, Theodora stopped him from fleeing and helped protect the throne. She also created laws that gave women the right to inherit property.
Charlemagne was a Frankish ruler who ruled western Europe from 768 to 815 C.E.
Charlemagne transformed his dream of building a great civilization in to a reality of an empire that stretched all across the western part of Europe. In this empire, Charlemagne revived learning, arts, and architecture in a period now called the Carolingian Renaissance.
In the Renaissance, Charlemagne established schools in monasteries, encouraged the learning of Latin literature, and built many stone structures built in France and Germany.
Groups of Europe's Early Middle Ages
The Franks were one group of many Germanic tribes using land in lower and middle Rhine in the 3rd century. Some Franks raided German Territory, while others joined the Roman troops.
There were many Frankish rulers, but one of the most important ruler was Clovis 1. He ruled from 481 to 511 C.E. He was the first ruler to bring all Frankish tribes under one ruler. Clovis 1 is considered the founder of the Merovingian empire, which ruled for 2 centuries.
A major contribution that the Franks made, was the Salic code. The Salic code contained civil law, and criminal law. This has been an influence on the statute law in Europe. Another contribution the Franks made is the spread of Christianity. Clovis 1 got baptized and he made it spread throughout the whole empire.
Vikings were Scandinavian people that resided in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark about ten centuries ago. Despite their reputation for being fierce warriors, they were generally farmers and went into battle only when they ran out of fertile farmland.
Vikings usually just farmed peacefully, but when they went into battle, they were truly fearsome. The impact of their raids on European countries was huge. Everywhere the Vikings went, destruction followed. The Vikings were so cruel and efficient that many people thought that Vikings were a punishment from God. Only a handful of leaders could fight them of these raiders, and the others that couldn't would sometimes pay the Vikings to stay out.
Vikings at battle
The Vikings society thought laws to be very important. Even though no one could read or write, lawspeakers memorized laws created to protect people and property. One interesting fact about Viking laws is that there were many laws that gave rights, such as the right own property, or the right to get a divorce. This was rare case in the middle ages.
Did you know?
Vikings did not wear horned helmets!
In the tenth century, there was a Viking leader named Leif Eriksson. He is now famous for being credited as the first Westerner to discover America instead of Christopher Columbus.
Actually, you can't say that there was ever a leader of all the Vikings because the Vikings were never one, big, organized group.
Vocabulary People Groups
- Jesus Christ
Jewish people believe that they are Gods chosen people and have a special relationship with Him.
This system was used by the Franks about fourteen centuries ago. Even though it may seem inhumane, it was a good way of deciding fines and punishments.
In the middle ages, your social class was usually more important than your skills or your knowledge. In some countries, it is still like so.
An example of a social class system in the middle ages
Christ, the founder of Christianity
Famous people of Europe's early middle ages
One interesting thing is that the Salic code is actually quite like the Wergild in the way that it attaches a monetary sum to every person and property.
Another interesting thing is that the Franks, who were once raiders, later got raided upon by the Vikings.
By Phillip Lee and Patric McDonald