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Supreme Court Eras

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Jul Rey

on 12 April 2015

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Transcript of Supreme Court Eras

Marshall Court
Warren Court
"Nine Old Men"

Burger Court
Rehnquist Court
Roberts Court
Chief Justice John Marshall
implemented judicial review
strengthened the judicial branch
dealt with debate about state and federal powers

Major Cases:
Marbury v. Madison- gave court the power of judicial review
McCulloch v. Maryland- gave Congress implied powers through the necessary and proper clause
Gibbons v. Ogden- gave commerce power to the federal government

Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes
declared constitutionality/unconstitutionality of New Deal legislation especially that which took away states rights

Major Cases:
Schechter v US- declared NRA legislation unconstitutional
United States v Butler- declared AAA legislation unconstitutional
Carter v Carter Coal Co.- declared Butiminous Coal Act unconstitutional

Chief Justice Earl Warren
expanded civil rights, civil liberties, judicial power and federal power
selective incorporation
worked on ending segregation
expanded rights of the accused
Major Cases:
Brown v Board of Education- declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional
Engle v Vitale- ruled that public schools could not have official prayer
Gideon v Wainright- all defendants are granted a lawyer if they can not afford one

Chief Justice Warren E. Burger
its goal was to revoke Warren Court decisions because they found them too liberal
Major Cases:
United States v Leon- established the good-faith exception to the exclusionary rule for evidence obtained without a search warrant
Lemon v Kurtzman- established a three part test to regulate aid to parochial schools
Regents of University of California v Bakke- declared affirmative action constitutional as long as quotas requiring a certain percentage of minorities were not used

Chief Justice William Rehnquist
defended states' reserved powers under the 10th amendment
Major Cases:

Roe v Wade- established national abortion guidelines under right of privacy
National League of Cities v Usery- struck down federal minimum wage requirements declaring it unconstitutional under the 10th amendment
Texas v Johnson- protects symbolic speech under the first amendment

Chief Justice John G. Roberts
major rulings on gun control, affirmative action, campaign finance regulation, abortion, capital punishment, gay rights, and criminal sentencing
Major Cases:
Citizens United v Federal Election Commission- corporations and unions can make unlimited monetary contributions to campaigns under free speech
Baze v Rees- ruling that execution by lethal injection does not constitute as cruel and unusual punishment
McDonald v Chicago- second amendment protections on gun ownership apply to gun control laws passed by state and local governments

Major Supreme Court Eras
by Julia Reyes
Full transcript