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latin 2 exam study guide

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alison arling

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of latin 2 exam study guide

Latin 2
nouns
3rd declention
S
P
----
is
i
em
e
----
es
um
ibus
es
ibus
es
4th declention
S
P
us
us
ui
um
u
us
us
uum
ibus
us
ibus
us
5th declention
S
P
es
ei
ei
em
ie
es
es
erum
ebus
es
ebus
es
VERBS
Pluperfect active:
perfect stem + -era- +endings
(same endings as present-- m,s,t,mus,tis,nt
decline sum, esse, fui
in pluperfect active
fueram

fueras

fuerat

fueramus

fueratis

fuerant
Future Perfect Active:
Perfect stem + -eri- +endings
(not in 1st sing)
conjugate sum, esse, fui in future perfect active
fuero
fueris
fuerit
fuerimus
fueritis
fuerint
Participles
PAP
present stem + (e) +ns (nom), ntis (gen)
PPP
english ex.
The FALLING man shouted, ahhh!
latin ex.
Parans, parantis- preparing
4th principal part
Latin Ex.
amatus, -a, -um
English ex.
FAP
The girl, by the horse
Kicked
PPP stem + urus, ura, urum
EX.
amaturus, amatura, amaturum-- about to love
FPP
present stem + (e) + ndus, nda, ndum
EX.
amandus, amanda, amandum--which must be loved
Perfect System Passive
perfect passive tense
PPP + present active of sum
conjugate amo, amare, amavi, amatus in the perfect passive tense
amatus/a/um sum--I was loved
amatus/a/um es-- you were loved
amatus/a/um est-- he/she/it was loved
amati/ae/a sumus--we were loved
amati/ae/a estis-- yall were loved
amati/ae/a sunt-- they were loved
pluperfect passive
PPP + imperfect active of sum (eram, eras, erat. . .
Future Perfect Passive
PPP + future active of sum (ero, eris, erit, erimus eritis, erunt)
Subjunctive
present
add 'a' to all but 1st
imperfect
infinative + endings
perfect active
perfect stem + eri + endings
perfect passive
ppp + present subjunctive sum (sim, sis, sit. . .
pluperfect active
perfect stem + isse + endings
pluperfect passive
ppp + imperfect subjunctive sum (essem, esses, esset. . .
Clauses
indirect questions
reported questions
verb of wondering + interrogative word + dependent clause with subjunctive
interrogative words:
an, num, quid, quare, sue, sive, ubi, quis, qui, qui, quod
sequence of tenses:
primary:
present, future, perfect
secondary:
imperfect, perfect, future perfect
Primary
Secondary
same time
time Before
time after
present
perfect
fut. participles + sim, sis, sit. . .
imperfect
pluperfect
future participle + essem, esset, esset. . .
purpose clauses
ut/ne
mood:
same time subjunctive
result clauses
main clause has an adj or adv: ita, tam, sic, tot, tantus, talis, adeo
ut/ ut. . .non/nihil, ect
indirect commands
ut/ ne + subjunctive
same time
indirect statements
subject in accusitive, verb in the infinative
Full transcript