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GREEK and ROMAN INFLUENCES ON AMERICA
Transcript of GREEK and ROMAN INFLUENCES ON AMERICA
GREEK AND ROMAN GOVERNMENT INFLUENCES
THE U.S. GOVERNMENT
GREEK AND ROMAN ENTERTAINMENT INFLUENCES
GREEK ENTERTAINMENT INFLUENCES
The Olympics have evolved substantially over the centuries. The rules, requirements, frequency and more have undergone significant change since they were first held in Olympia, Greece in the year 776 B.C.E. It is believed Olympics were held earlier than that as well although nothing was recorded. During ancient times they were held every four years in the summer and always in the same place. Now, the Olympics are held in different countries every time. Also, in modern times there are winter and summer Olympics which each occur ever 4 years. However, they are not held in the same year as they once were. Now, two years after the Summer Olympics are held, the Winter Olympics are held, and two years after that are the Summer Olympics, and so on. Winter Olympics were never held in Ancient Greece.
ROMAN ENTERTAINMENT INFLUENCES
The way it influence us is as they had gladiator fights today we have boxing fights. Also back then they had flutes and whistles as we still have today. The girls played with dolls and the boys played with swords and shields. They also played handball and marbles. And another game which everyone knows is naughts and crosses. Back then they had chariot races but today we have horse races making it less dangerous and more controlled. Back then they had bets too. Riders or jockeys were identified by colors and patterns which is the same as today.
GREEK GOVERNMENT INFLUENCES
Rome had been ruled by a monarchy, (It expanded greatly during its republican period that lasted until Caesar became emperor)
Members of the Roman Senate held the greatest amount of power
The Romans used a Republican form of government - Representative Democracy.
. The design of graceful columned Greek temples has influenced architecture from the Renaissance to modern times. Greek sculpture established an ideal standard for the human form that served as a model for artists in ages to come.
Ancient Roman architecture adopted certain aspects of Ancient Greek architecture, creating a new architectural style. The Romans were indebted to their Etruscan neighbors and forefathers who supplied them with a wealth of knowledge essential for future architectural solutions, such as hydraulics in the construction of arches.
In fact, it is because of the superior engineering skills and architectural ideas possessed by the Romans, and respected by others, that allowed them to conquer, influence and rule such a vast area of the world, for such an extended period of time.
ROMAN & GREEK ART INFLUENCES
When the Roman & Greeks weren't focused on agriculture to survive famines and food became plentiful, they began to focus on other areas of life, like the arts. Poetry, literature, sculpture and painting, drama and sports, medicine and politics of the ancient Greek cultures were the foundations of many modern practices today.
ROMAN GOVERNMENT INFLUENCES
While many people describe the form of government in the United States as a democracy, it is technically defined as a federal republic; "federal" means that the individual states have some power but that a central national government has authority over them. Republics and democracies are, in fact, very similar, and in some cases, interchangeable. In a republic, the people have the power to elect leaders who govern according to a set of laws (in the United States the Constitution and the Bill of Rights lay the groundwork for all laws that follow)
Colossuem in Rome, Italy
Thomas Jefferson Memorial
Smithsonian American Art Museum
Greeks had a systematic set of political theories and ideals
The main political unit of Ancient Greece was the city-state (polis)
Some Greek Polis’ were monarchies, oligarchies, democracies, or a from of republic
Greeks invented political terms and concepts still used to this day
Overall, the people of Greece used a Direct Democracy.
Judah Ben-Hur: Roman Chariot Races
OLYMPIC STADUIMS TODAY
Today's "chariot races"