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Reading Fluency

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by

Jen Myers

on 28 October 2015

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Transcript of Reading Fluency

Fluency
What is an activity that you are
fluent
at doing?
Being
fluent
at something means you can do it without thinking about it.
Brushing your Teeth?
Cooking?
Driving?
Reading fluency is defined as “reading easily and well with a sense of confidence and knowledge of what to do when things go wrong”.

Kids know reading fluency as “reading smooth and fast with expression - just like talking”.
In a student's words....
Components of Fluency
Accuracy in Word Decoding
Automatic Processing
Prosody
Accuracy in
Word Decoding
Readers must be about to decode words with minimal errors. This is usually at the independent level or the instructional level with practice on a text.
Independent Reading Level

95% + accuracy
Instructional Reading
Level

90-94% accuracy
Frustrational Reading
Level

< 90% accuracy
Automatic
Processing
Readers need minimal effort to decode, thus saving their mental energy for comprehension of the text
Prosody
Readers use intonation, pitch, stress, pauses, and duration to convey meaning in the text.
The Teacher's Job
Instruction
Practice
Assessment
Instruction
Model and instruct students as to how fluency looks and sounds
Practice
Use predictable texts and independent materials to strengthen the skills needed to be fluent
Predictable texts are passages or stories that are easily read, because they include simple phonics patterns, rhyme, high sight words, and a predicted pattern of language and themes.
Assessment
Quick assessments to level students’ progress, done at a specific frequency
(weekly, monthly)
Timed Readings
Passages
Poems
Words/Phrases
Books
Video of Fluency Self-Assessment
(words per minute)
Fluency Skills
Immediate Identification

Students must be able to immediately identify words or parts of words when they encounter them in text.
sounds
chunks of sounds
sight words
phrases
Automaticity

Students do not put mental energy into decoding words, instead they can
put all energy into comprehension
. (no reading anxiety)
Think of our WORD IDENTIFICATION week... We teach the students to be FLUENT at the letters, sounds, chunks of letters, sight words, and high frequency phrases This all leads to fluency when
applied to reading
text!
Check out this example of a predictable text
Fluency Activities
Repeated Reading
Paired Repeated Reading
Automated Reading
Choral Reading
Reader’s Theater
Cross-Age Reading
Sustained Silent Reading
Echo Reading
Reading Phones
Phrasing Cards
Rate these activities...

I have
no idea
!
I have
heard of it
.
I
know
all about it.
Involving Parents
Practice makes perfect = automaticity

As homework, children are often given fluency phrases or fluency passages to practice for a week.

Parents should read the fluency practice each night with their child for one minute.

Parents should document the progress each night.

Teachers or parent volunteers can assess students at the beginning and/or end of the week on their improvement.
On the Web
Visit my online binder to see great fluency links
http://www.livebinders.com/play/play?id=225103&present=true
Assignment
1. Watch the entire Prezi and listen for the audio uploads on a few slides - if you are reading this, you can check it off!

2. Blog answers to the following parts of the Prezi... Don't be general in your answers if possible. This is the best we can do to get a discussion going, since we are online this week!

What are you "fluent" at? Funny stories accepted
Look at the Venn Diagram by a first grade class... What don't you understand?
How was story in the video "predictable" to a beginning reader?
Post your words per minute reading fluency score from the timed reading assessment. Compare your score with the scale at the bottom. An average fifth grader should have a words per minute around the middle.
Read some other things around your house for one minute. How does your score vary and why?
What did you think of the iPads used by children to monitor their OWN words per minute?
How can you connect fluency to our word identification presentation?
Rank the fluency activities from "know it" to "no clue" Explain to us one you know really well and see if you can find information to share regarding one you had "no clue" about.
Last one... visit my LiveBinder on fluency. Check out the tabs. List three ideas you found that you will try. You can also use these for the "theory into practice" part of our day. (PS - LiveBinder is an easy way for YOU to put your portfolio online)

3. Practice pronouncing "prosidy" until you are fluent :) pr- short o -city

4. Don't worry about the decoding percentages (independent, instructional, frustrational). We will get to this in class.
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