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Education

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by

Grace Harrington

on 26 May 2014

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Transcript of Education

"Forty-six states and D.C improved or held steady in all categories of all students tested in reading and math”
"More reading progress was made by 9-year-olds in five years than in the previous 28 years combined”
”Between 2003 and 2005 an additional 235,000 fourth graders learned their fundamental math skills”
Differences
What do you think?
We believe that both policies improved schools and education throughout the country. However, Obama's policy was built off the inadequacies of Bush's No Child Left Behind Act. Obama's focus in preparing the next generation through enhancing standard lessons in the core subjects takes a more holistic approach for each student, yet using testing to evaluate the quality of schools and teachers leads him towards the same mistakes Bush committed during his presidency.
Expanded the federal role in public education
Believe in core academic subjects

Criticisms
Created incentives for states to lower their standards
Focused on absolute scores, rather than recognizing growth and progress
Prescribed a pass-fail, one-size-fits-all series of interventions for schools that miss their goals
The idea of teaching to the test


Criticisms
High-stakes testing is unreliable
Charter schools weaken public education
The federal government should not influence local schools
Success of teachers and schools determined through test scores

Dealing with Budget
President Bush
:
Annual U.S. Department of Education spending on elementary and secondary education increased from $27.3 billion in 2001 to $38 billion in 2006 (increased by nearly 40%)
The Key to Success:
America's enhancement of the education system under Presidents Bush and Obama

Thank you!
No Child Left Behind
President Bush's Policy:
Thesis
Due to their focus on teaching lessons to students in order to prepare them to compete in a global economy, Obama's policies, Race to the Top and Common Core, are improvements to Bush's policy, No Child Left Behind, however both presidents' education policies falter on account of their ultimate assessment of knowledge through standardized testing.
Requirements
President Obama's Policies:
Race to the Top and Common Core
Comparing the two education policies
Background
Proposed by President Bush on January 23, 2001
Most recent iteration of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965
Authorized federally funded education programs that are administered by the states
The Act requires states to develop assessments in basic skills
To receive federal school funding, States must give these assessments to all students at select grade levels
Requires all public schools receiving federal funding to administer a statewide standardized test annually to all students
Schools receiving funding must make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in test scores
Projected Goals
Makes teachers more accountable and children/parents are more aware of the quality of schools
Increase quality of education
Requiring schools to improve their performance
Implement "scientifically based research" practices in the classroom
Support early literacy through the Early Reading First initiative
Emphasize reading, language arts, mathematics and science achievement as "core academic subjects”
Race to the Top
Started in 2009 by President Obama
$4.35 billion investment from the United States Department of Education
Effort to provide more focus on declining education in pubic and charter schools

Background
Requirements
Schools are based on a point system
Awarded points for satisfying certain educational policies, such as complying with Common Core standards
Examples:
Improving teacher and principal effectiveness based on performance (58 points)
Turning around the lowest-achieving schools (40 points)
Race to the Top
Race to the Top
Point Distribution
(2010)
Projected Goals
Spur innovation and reforms in state and local district K-12 education
Address the four key areas of K-12 education reform:
Development of rigorous standards and better assessments
Adoption of better data systems to provide information about student progress
Support for teachers and school leaders
Increased emphasis and resources to turn around lowest-performing schools

Race to the Top
Background
Started in 2009
Write standards in the areas of mathematics and literacy
Core of common standards that each student should master by the time they graduate from high school

Common Core
Requirements
Major problem: high school graduates were not provided with the skills and knowledge they needed in college and careers
Solution: Require lessons reflecting the knowledge and skills that our young people need for success
Place American students in a position in which they can compete in a global economy
States given incentive to adopt Common Core
Not a requirement to adhere to standards

Common Core
Projected Goals
To provide a consistent, clear understanding of what students are expected to learn, so teachers and parents know what they need to do to help them
Enhance areas of reading, writing, speaking, listening, language, technology, and mathematics

Common Core
Similarities
Enhancement of the core academic subjects
President Bush increased federal education spending 58% faster than inflation
President Obama would double it
No Child Left Behind
Common Core
Race to the Top
Standards should not be attached to school subjects
Common Core Standards are a set-up for national standardized tests
Tests can’t evaluate complex thought, can’t avoid cultural bias, can’t measure non-verbal learning
Wastes a lot of money in the process

President Obama
:
Federal Budget of $3.9 trillion
Spends $68.6 billion on Education (1.7% of budget)
Increased his education spending since start of 2014
Third greatest priority behind defense spending and health and human services

Obama's Budget Spending (2013-2014)
Effectiveness
No Child Left Behind
*From No Child Left Behind fifth anniversary pamphlet
Effectiveness
Over $4 billion has been given by the Race to the Top initiative to 19 states who have to this day been able to create formal plans for education reform
"These states serve 22 million students and employ 1.5 million teachers in 42,000 schools, representing 45% of all K-12 students and 42% of all low income students nationwide”

Race to the Top
Common Core
Historical Comparison
Both strove to afford every American child with the best schooling possible
Both pushed for increased federal funding for better schools

President Bush and LBJ
President Obama and Clinton
Under the Clinton-Gore Administration, 49 states have implemented standards in core subjects and the proportion of graduating high schools seniors completing a core curriculum has risen to 55%

States who have adopted
Common Core Standards (2013)
Overall Common Core had a positive effect on both teachers and students
*According to www.whitehouse.gov
Works Cited
vs.
http://www.ontheissues.org/celeb/George_W__Bush_Education.htm
http://febp.newamerica.net/background-analysis/no-child-left-behind-overview
http://www.edweek.org/ew/issues/no-child-left-behind/
http://search.whitehouse.gov/search?affiliate=wh&query=common+core&submit.x=-1118&submit.y=-119&submit=Search&form_id=usasearch_box
http://www.greatschools.org/definitions/nclb/nclb.html
http://www.independent.org/newsroom/article.asp?id=1642
http://www.k12.wa.us/Esea/default.aspx
http://www.tcf.org/blog/detail/graph-half-of-schools-fail-to-meet-no-child-left-behind-standards
http://www.corestandards.org/standards-in-your-state/
http://www2.ed.gov/programs/racetothetop/phase2-applications/summary.pdf
http://blog.heritage.org/2009/03/24/bush-deficit-vs-obama-deficit-in-pictures/
http://www.heritage.org/research/education-notebook/the-facts-on-federal-education-spending
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2014/03/04/obama-budget-seeks-new-spending-new-taxes-to-boost-economy-tame-debt/
http://www2.ed.gov/nclb/overview/importance/nclb5anniversary.pdf
http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/education/k-12/race-to-the-top
https://asunews.asu.edu/files/imagecache/story_main_image/images/20090513_obama.jpg
http://www.voccoquan.com/images2008/bush%20graduates.jpg
http://davemcbride.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/LBJ-on-phone.jpg
http://cdn.breitbart.com/mediaserver/Breitbart/Big-Government/2012/09/05/clinton.jpeg
Full transcript