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Medical Marijuana

The history behind the drug and how it has shaped into what it is today. The pro's and con's of legalizing marijuana as a medical drug. The benefits of how it helps people who have certain illnesses that the drug can be an alternative to other drugs.

Misha Nalepa

on 8 December 2010

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Transcript of Medical Marijuana

The History Early Years Early on the cannabis plant was used in fabrics because of its strength, it is hypo-allergenic, and it has the feel of actual linen depending on the blend of fabric used. Scythian people used it as offerings to the dead. It grew in popularity in Northern Europe and the Middle East. While control over the colonies was still strong the French and the British grew hemp for trade. Around 1840 marijuana was used as a base for many medicines. About 1883 hashish smoking parlors were opening up around the northeastern part of the United States. From 1913 to 1927 the states California, Utah, Texas, Louisiana, and New York prohibited marijuana but not strictly. The Start of Prohibition Along with some states taking a side on prohibition a man by the name of Harry J. Anslinger ran the Federal Bureau of Narcotics that came about when the Treasury Department gained control over illegal drugs. Anslinger took his views on drugs and shaped what Americans thought of marijuana into his ideal view. As things started getting more serious new ways to smuggle the drug to the states started to take shape. Jazz musicians would transport the drug coming in through the southern harbors to northern states while they moved around to do concerts. Since things weren’t working out exactly as Anslinger wanted he started nationwide campaigns with propaganda films to lure people to his side, one film was called Reefer Madness. After the reefer madness scare government took action by putting into action the Marijuana Tax Stamp Act. This stated that it is still legal to produce and sell marijuana as long as you had a tax stamp issued by the U.S. Treasury; the kick was that the Treasury was not to issue any of these stamps so that no one could grow or sell legally. Dialing down Anslinger Anslinger was the head of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics till 1962. After another attempt at bashing marijuana which was a success, it was another propaganda film called Assassin of Youth; due to the media passing the myth that it marijuana was a gateway drug leading to heavier drugs. In the 60's belief of marijuana was that it made you careless and unpredictable of what you were going to do. Dr. Leo E. Hollister, who is the chief of staff at the Palo Alto Veterans Hospital in California, did an experiment on the effects of marijuana his findings said that it made people happy, friendly, intoxicated and sleepy. He didn't find anything leading towards it being an aggressive drug or one to lead people to a higher addiction. In 1969 Dr. Stanley Yolles went to congress and proposed that they abolish the mandatory minimum sentence for drug related offenses. Congress listened to his claim and passed the Controlled Substance Act which reduced the penalties for possession of marijuana. In 1972 the government created the DEA, Drug Enforcement Agency, which watched over to bust on people transporting or selling illegal drugs. Present Day The States As of 2010 there are fifteen states in the U.S. that have medical marijuana legalized. These states are: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Maine, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Washington. There are also six states that are working on legislation to legalize medical marijuana. These states are: Illinois, North Carolina, Massachusetts, Ohio, New York, and Pennsylvania. The Two Types Even though there are many different strains of marijuana. All marijuana stem down to two types either sativa or indica. Sativa blends tend to make a person energetic, outgoing and ready to do things, it is an all-around head buzz. Indica blends tend to be more of a relaxing high, a body buzz, which works well for insomnia. Sativa Some sativa blends are:
Blue Dream

Blueberry AK



Blueberry Haze Indica Some indica blends are:
Hindu Kush

OG Kush

Blackberry Kush

AK 48

Sensi Star Medical Conditions that Marijuana Helps Conditions vary from state to state but there are basic illnesses that marijuana covers. They are: AIDS, Alzheimer's, Arthritis, Asthma, Crohn's disease, Epilepsy/Seizures, Glaucoma, Hepatitis C, Migraines, Multiple Sclerosis / Muscle Spasms, Nausea / Chemotherapy, Pain / Analgesia, Psychological Conditions, and Tourette's Syndrome. Acessing a Medical Marijuana Liscense Each state that legalizes medical marijuana can create their own policies on how to get a license. Most states have a system set up where you must pay a fee and fill out an application along with having a doctor’s written consent that the treatment of medical marijuana will benefit your problems. The only state that does not require an application fee is New Mexico. You usually have to show proof of residence and at least half of the sixteen states do not allow other states patients get marijuana through their states. Medical Marijuana The Law and Medical Marijuana Although states have passed bills on legalizing medical marijuana, it is still a schedule 1 drug. This means that under federal law it is still illegal and you can be prosecuted for having marijuana and growing it. It is a misunderstood fact that it is legal and you can just smoke it where ever. There are many cases where patient possessing marijuana for medical purposes are caught and prosecuted by the DEA for having the drug. Often being arrested or even having their property seized. In recent years with the popularity gaining the DEA has backed off patients and dispensaries. If a patient is however caught and being charged they can take it up with the state officials and if having proof that they are using marijuana for medical purposes the offense can be brought down or even taken away. Jail Time? If you are caught with marijuana the federal law has set guidelines of how you are prosecuted and if you must serve time. For instance if you are caught with over 1 kg (2.2 pounds) with no prior convictions you can be serving six to twelve months of probation or another form of sentencing. If you go over 2.5 kg (5.5 pounds) with no prior convictions you serve up to six months in jail, if you are caught with this amount with prior convictions you are risking two to three years in jail with no chance of probation. Groups and Organizations ASA - Americans for Safe Access
ASA is a nationwide group that promotes the safe use of marijuana for medical use and research. ASA is currently working within forty states in the U.S. They use projects and education on medical marijuana to educate the public on the benefits marijuana has on patients. Their website is www.safeaccessnow.org.
MAPS - Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies
MAPS are a group that based to bring about education and clinics that can be based to help patients with psychedelics and marijuana. Their website is http://www.maps.org.
MPP - Marijuana Policy Project
MPP works to find supporters of legalizing marijuana, and to pass legislation on working with marijuana for medical purposes. Also to remove laws that can get someone into trouble for medical and non-medical marijuana. They work to gain significance in congress and show them how marijuana can benefit people. Their website is www.mpp.org. Sources Information:
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