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Understanding Adolescent Development

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Nikki Bennett

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Understanding Adolescent Development

Understanding Adolescent Development what is adolescence? Adolescence is a transitional
stage of human development
characterized by a number of
cognitive, emotional, physical and
behavioral changes from ages 11-19 Erikson's Psychosocial
Stage of Development Psychosocial Stage 5-
Identity vs. Confusion

During adolescence, children are exploring
their independence and developing a sense
of self Adolescent
Tasks 1. Achieving new, more mature relationships
with age-mates of both sexes. 2.Achieving a masculine or feminine social role. 3. Accepting one's physique and using body effectively. 4. Achieving emotional independence from
parents and other adults. 5. Preparing for marriage
and family life. 6. Preparing for an
economic career. 7. Acquiring a set of values and an ethical
system as a guide to behavior.
Developing an ideological socially
responsible behavior. 8. Desiring and achieving Indicators related to
developmental lag poor hygiene denial of feelings sense of isolation,
loneliness fantasy as an escape
from problems hatred and rejection
of family drug/alcohol abuse or
sexual activity to provide
missing nurturance. stealing,
pathological lying,
running away Juvenile delinquency, pregnancy,
early marriages that are likely to fail impulsiveness,
extreme rebellion depression, suicide attempt What are the physical changes
that you noticed in your body? Rapid gains in height
and weight are happening for both sexes along with...... Characteristics due to Hormonal Changes
(1) Growth of pubic hair;
(2) Menarche (first menstrual period for
girls) or penis growth (for boys);
(3) Voice changes (for boys);
(4) Growth of underarm hair;
(5) Facial hair growth (for boys); and
(6) The increased production of oil,
increased sweat gland activity, and the
beginning of acne Girls are gradually reaching physical and
and sexual maturity. Boys are beginning to mature physically and sexually. Acne appears, especially with
certain types of skin. How do these physical
changes affect
adolescence? Teen girls may become overly
sensitive about their weight. May be clumsy because
of growth spurts. Frequently sleep longer. On average,
teens need about nine and a
half hours of sleep a night. Begins to have interest and curiosity about
sex or may feel awkward talking about it
with parents or teachers Teens may feel awkward about
showing affection to the
opposite sex parent as well. What are the cognitive changes
that you have noticed? At these ages your brain is under
MAJOR construction Connections between neurons affecting
emotional, physical, and mental abilities are
INCOMPLETE. So this is what our brains tend to look like... At ages 11-13 we use more complex thinking focused on personal decision making in school and home environments We begin to demonstrate use of logical operations in schoolwork. We begin to question authority and society standards. We also begin to form and verbalize our own thoughts and views on a variety of
topics, usually more related our own life We begin to use reasoning skills We become capable of
abstract thinking And our decision-making abilities begin to increase Middle adolescence 15-18 years old We often question and analyze
more extensively Use of systematic thinking begins to
influence relationships with others We begin to think long term And we think about different possibilities and
begin to develop our own identity So all of these...... Lead to all of these.... TEENS BEING REACTIVE Teens demonstrating a heightened sense of curiosity and risk-taking behavior. Teens tend to exhibit
"it can't happen to me" emotional
changes Socio-Emotional Issues Establishing an identity Establish autonomy Establish intimacy Achievement
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