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Women During WWII

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by

Anushri Nimbvikar

on 16 December 2014

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Transcript of Women During WWII

Female-Dominated Industry
Other Women in Uniform
Government Actions
Women During WWII
More Propaganda
Men Leave for War
Selective Service Act

Economy had to be supported
Women filled traditionally male jobs

Kept wartime economy running
Reminiscent of WW1


by Rachel George, Anushri Nimbvikar, and Jash Patel
Women's Roles at Home
Women's Roles at War

Navy Women’s Reserve (WAVES)
Marine Corps Women’s Reserve
Coast Guard Women’s Reserve (SPARS)
Propaganda
Women's Army Corps
Army Nurses Corps
The need for nurses became apparent when there was a medical shortage at Pearl Harbor, causing the limited amount of nurses to work in unsanitary and hectic conditions
Nurses worked closer to the front lines than they ever had before,

Made to make women’s special knowledge, skill, and training available to the war effort
At first, the Army did not want to accept women directly into its ranks, so the WAAC was established to allow women to work WITH the Army, not actually in it

Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPS)

Women trained to serve as army pilots so that more men could fight in combat overseas
Flew almost every type of military aircraft, including bombers
Were not granted military status until the 1970s
They were used merely as placeholders, and once there were enough men to fly aircraft again, the WASPS program was cut because there was less of a need for women pilots

Volunteering and Fundraising
Volunteer efforts
Red Cross and the Office of Civilian Defense
recreation to the men in canteens
selling war bonds.
Donations to the Salvation Army
Encouraged to take jobs

Women proved that they could even work better than men
Paid more attention to detail

California Consolidated Aircraft once told the Saturday Evening Post, “Nothing gets by them unless it’s right.”

The United States Department of Labor: when building an aircraft carrier, a man drilled 650 holes per day while a woman drilled 1,600 holes per day.


Victory Gardens
women raised produce to be canned and sent overseas
Salvaging Supplies
Did not drive to save rubber/oil
Reused clothing

Served under fire in field hospitals and evacuation hospitals, on hospital trains and hospital ships
Helped transform the view of women
Black nurses were given some, very limited opportunity
Became the Women’s Army Corps (WAC) in March 1943, and were recognized as part of the army and given the same benefits as male soldiers
Often did not fight in battles, but rather worked as technicians or worked in laboratories
Some women later chose to leave the army
Changing Perspectives
Broke down sexual inequality arguments
Women had proved to be capable workers in industry and government
Office of War Information created 1942
"Womanpower"
Portrayal of women workers
Preservation of femininity
http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/72-14/72-14.HTM
http://www.med-dept.com/articles/the-army-nurse-corps/
http://www.nationalww2museum.org/see-hear/collections/focus-on/women-at-war.html
http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/WAC/WAC.HTM
http://www.uscg.mil/history/gifs/Uniform_SPAR_Officer_Blues_Group.jpg
http://www.npr.org/2010/03/09/123773525/female-wwii-pilots-the-original-fly-girls?ps=cprs
http://libguides.mnhs.org/homefront
http://womenshistory.about.com/od/warwwii/a/women_at_home.htm
http://www.nationalww2museum.org/learn/education/for-students/ww2-history/at-a-glance/women-in-ww2.pdf
http://womenshistory.about.com/od/worldwariiposterart/ig/World-War-II---Victory-Home/
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipland edia/commons/e/e8/Wounded_on_Way_to_Hospital.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Group_of_Women_Airforce_Service_Pilots_and_B-17_Flying_Fortress.jpg
http://nationalww2museumimages.org/web-assets/images/women-in-wwii-snapshot2.jpg
http://www.brokeass-student.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/ww2.jpg
http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_pLhctJYrt6k/S-rGMWz6crI/AAAAAAAAACg/30KNOZxAfZU/s1600/womenwar_work.jpg
http://jqhistory.files.wordpress.com/2007/01/soldiers-without-guns-4.JPG
http://www.barricksinsurance.com/becomeanurse.jpg
http://whatwillmatter.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Patriotic-Poster-WWII_Recruiting_America-Cadet_Nurse.jpg
http://www.nnwwiim.org/images/fo-women-gage7.jpg?__utma=146201003.738834084.1418257434.1418257434.1418346128.2&__utmb=146201003.2.10.1418346128&__utmc=146201003&__utmx=-&__utmz=146201003.1418257434.1.1.utmcsr=(direct)|utmccn=(direct)|utmcmd=(none)&__utmv=-&__utmk=197445039 (nurses at front line)
Works Cited
Full transcript