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Matthew Shealy

on 23 January 2014

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Transcript of Inventions

the skyline of most cities with high-rise buildings that we see today to exist. Without this invention, buildings would be only 5-6 stories tall because we are lazy people, and do not want to climb any more stairs than that.
Otis was born in Halifax, Vermont and did not go to college. His only schooling was primary education in his hometown as a child.
1: Revolver by Samuel Colt
It was named the Colt Paterson by Samuel Colt. It was not the first revolver, there had been a revolving flintlock pistol in Britain before this, but the Colt was marketed very well. It aided in the westward expansion of the USA by allowing very small groups of people to fight very large groups of other people, snakes, or bears and win.
Samuel Colt was 22 years old when he filed his patent in the USA. He was born in Hartford, Connecticut on July 19, 1814 and enrolled at Amherst Academy at age 16, but was expelled with no degree.
by Matthew Shealy and Raven Miller
2: Sewing Machine by Isaac Singer
Isaac Singer made a sewing machine in 1851. It was revolutionary for its time, with a treadle (a foot pedal used to power the machine), a presser foot, a tension adjuster, and a fixed needle arm.
However, another sewing machine manufacturer accused Singer of copying his machine from the 1840s. Singer lost that case, and had to pay Elias Howe $1.15 per machine made.
Isaac Singer was born in 1811, and was 28 when he patented the sewing machine. He did not go to school, as all of his family members were poor immigrants.

11: Telephone by Alexander Graham Bell
10: Internal Combustion Engine by Nicholas A. Otto
An engine where both mechanical energy and heat energy are produced inside. They include gas turbines and diesel engines.
This invention was
made by Nicholas
August Otto in
1876, who was the
first to be able to
efficiently burn fuel
directly in the piston chamber. Although concept was
already invented and patented, he was the first to
make it practical.
Otto was born on June 14, 1832 in Holzhausen, Germany. He started out as a traveling salesman but soon developed an interest in technology.

The telephone was invented by Alexander G. Bell
and was the first invention to transmit speech electronically.
At the time of its making another man by the name of Elisha Gray, was also making the same machine independently. There was a race between the two, to get it to the patent office before the other. Amazingly enough Bell won by mere hours.
Bell was born on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland. His work was fueled by his by his mother and wife who were both deaf. This led to him to experiment with various inventions leading to his creation of the telephone.
12: Refrigerated Train Cars by Gustavus Swift
Gustavus Swift developed the refrigerated train car in 1878 when he had troubles delivering his live merchandise to sell to dealers as he was a cattle dealer. He decided there needed to be a change in the way it was done, so he slaughtered the cows and put the edible parts in a chilled rail car. Thus the refrigerated train car was invented, transforming the meat business.
3: Elevator with Brakes by Elisha Graves Otis
In 1852, Elisha Graves Otis invented the first safe elevator. He was smart, and decided to install brakes to stop and hold the elevator when it was not intended to be moving. This allowed
4: Manned Glider by George Cayley
Sir George Cayley was a member of the British Parliament from his home in Brompton, England, and had a very inquisitive mind. He saw the first train wreck, and so he made the cow catcher for trains. He had observed
birds in flight, and wondered what made them fly. So, he built a rotary flight tester and a model wing, and figured the best angle of attack. He then built the full scale model, and it was made out of lightweight cloth with a cane frame, and invented lightweight spoked wheels to be used as the landing gear. He told one of his friends he would be "driving", and then proceeded to tow him off a cliff with a few of his friends. The glider glided for 200 yards before coming to a halt.
George Clayley was born in Brompton, England and was tutored by the Fellows of the Royal Society.
Born June 24, 1839 in Sagamore, Massachusetts. Lived on a farm where he raised
livestock for slaughtering.
This is where he got the
idea for meat packing.
13: Light Bulb and Direct Current
by Thomas Edison
Thomas Edison didn't exclusively invent the lightbulb, but he greatly improved on it. Using his revisions to the design he was able to produce a reliable and long lasting source of light. Even if others had worked on it Edison got the credit since up until that time had managed to make it practical, safe, and economical. It changed the
electrical industry forever.
Thomas Edison was born on February 11, 1847 in Milan, Ohio. From an early start he was a brilliant inventor, despite the lack of public education. At the age of ten he had constructed a chemistry lab in his basement.
14: Induction Electric Motor by Nikola Tesla
In 1888 Nikola Tesla built the first practical induction electric motor. It's a two phase system that uses alternating electric currents to produce a rotating magnetic field which makes it turn. This invention started the technology age at the turn of the century.
5: Bessemer Process by Henry Bessemer
When Henry Bessemer invented the Bessemer Process in 1855, it revolutionized the production of steel by making it cheap, fast, and efficient. It involves blowing air through iron
that is melted at 1250 degrees Celsius, which burns off excess silicon, manganese, and phosphorus from the metal. This paved the way for people like Andrew Carnegie to become rich due to the cheapness and speed of this meathod.
Henry Bessemer was born in Charlton, Britain, and went to elementary school. However, he did not go to high school or college, and taught himself how machines work and how to make them.
Nikola Tesla was born in 1856 in Smiljan, Croatia, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Tesla suffered from lifelong mental illness.
16: Alternating Current by George Westinghouse
In 1893 George Westinghouse the alternating current system was developed after the realization that an electrical distribution system would be needed to provide power for lighting. He later developed the technology to be more efficient, helping power many cities and harness the power of Niagara Falls.
15: Diesel Engine by Rudolf Diesel
In 1892 Rudolf Diesel created the diesel engine. It's an internal combustion engine that uses heat compression to initiate ignition and burn the fuel. The diesel engine greatly impacted society as we know it since the military used them in submarines and ships, as well as we use them today, as engines for cars.

6: Bicycle by Pierre Michaux
Pierre Michaux invented the bicycle in France, whrere he had been inspired by an invention that was similar to a modern day bicycle, but it was lacking pedals. He and his son decided
to take the same concept as the walking one, but make the wheels larger. They formerly made parts for horse drawn carriages, and so easily made a metal frame with wheels for the bike. They added pedals, and filed the first U.S. Patent for a bike. However, a different company made a more durable and lighter weight version, and so Michaux faded away.
He was born in Paris, France and likely only recieved primary education.
Born March 18, 1858 in Paris, France. He dreamed early on to become an engineer and graduated at top of his class. His death was very mysterious as he disappeared before his body was found in the ocean.
7: Dynamite by Alfred Nobel
Alfed Nobel was a bridge designer in France. He began wondering if there was a better way to blast the rock, and seeing as he was also a chemist, he set about a way to blast better. He found out that nitroglycerine was a
very effective blasting agent, but was next to useless in its natural liquid form. So, he tried mixing it with different things to make it more usable. He knew that silica generally congeals liquids, so he tried to mix it with the nitroglycerine. It worked, and turned it into a paste-like blasting substance. He put it in a cylindrical container to put in drilled holes, and dynamite was born.
Alfred Nobel also invented the Nobel Prize. He was born in Stockholm, Sweden. He was tutored in his home for most of his education, but never got a degree.
8: Transatlantic Telegraph by Cyrus West Field
Cyrus West Field had been leading a successful paper company, and then his brother offered him a high position at a telegraph company. He accepted, and set to work connecting the European and American continents via telegraph.
He got funding from the US Government, the British Government, and from Wall Street to complete the project. He acquired 2 ships, the U.S.S.
and the H.M.S.
, which he used to try laying the cable. The first two trips failed because the ships were caught in storms, which tossed them violently enough to break the wire. The third attempt worked, but the connection failed after about a week. On the fourth attempt, he traded in the two ships for the
Great Eastern
, which got just 100 miles from the finish when a huge storm for the area nearly sank it. The fifth time, over 2 years later, the cable was successfully lain and remained operational.
Cyrus West Field was born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts, and quit school at age 15.
17: Motion Picture by Lumiere Brothers
18: First Successful Airplane by the Wright Brothers
In 1903 the Wright brothers successfully created the first fully functional airplane. At first they started with building gliders designed after the way birds wings are lifted by the wind. After three years of designing they completed the first successful flight at Kitty Hawk.
19: Model T by Henry Ford
In 1908 Henry Ford
created the first 'affordable'
automobile. Although
automobiles had been around decades they were both scarce and expensive, Henry Ford opened it up to the middle class and it was considered the most influential invention of the 20th century.
Henry Ford was born July 30, 1863, on a farm in Greenfield Township, Michigan. He was expected to take over his family farm but he hated the farm work. His career started when he left his home to apprentice a machinist in Detroit.
In 1895 the Lumiere Brothers developed a technology by combining a camera with a printer naming it the Cinématographe. They were quick to patent the invention and soon started making short films for (at first) private guests to enjoy. This has changed the way we see the world, because for once we can see other places in action for the first time.
9: Barbed Wire by Joseph Glidden
Joseph Glidden was a farmer in the expanding Western United States. His cattle roamed freely, and he did not like it. Wood and stone were too
scarse to effectivly build fences or walls, and the new wire fences continually broke under the strain of cattle on the solitary wire. So, Joseph set out to find a way to effectivly pen in his cattle. He devised a way to twist two wires together for strength, and twist small barbs of wire onto them to stop cattle from coming back. This "barbed wire" was very successful because it was cheap, easy to transport, and effective. It definetly changed farming in the west for the better, and barbed wire is still commonly used today.
Joseph Glidden was from De Kalb, Illinois. He likely passed grade school.
The brothers are the sons of a well known painter. They were very geared toward science and sent to technical school.
The Wright Brothers were two of seven and both attended high school but did not receive
their diplomas. They started
a printing business together
but soon opened a repair
shop to help fund them in
their new and growing
in flight.
Westinghouse was born on October 6, 1846 in New York. He was the son of a machine shop owner and was very talented at mechanics. After returning from the army he attended one year of college and then dropped out.
Bessemer Process:
Automobile (Model T) :
With the cheaper steel, buildings and other things can be taller and stronger easier and cheaper.
The automobile allows for middle class to have a cheap mode of transportation.
The telephone provided a low-cost way for everybody to be connected with people even far away.
Bessemer Process:
Automobile (Model T) :
Helped the economy by increasing trade and by providing greater quality of goods used in building cities.
The automobile has changed our life by having affordable options for transportation. It provides a revolution of transporting goods and people fastly.
The telephone has changed our lives in the way of helping economy through payments of taxes and improved businesses, as well as convenience of communication.
Bessemer Process:
Automobile (Model T) :
Without this we wouldn't have as large cities, and our economy would be considerably worse.
There would be less effective ways to travel without this option, and goods would be shipped by the slower option of train.
If this hadn't been invented then relations with other countries wouldn't be as good, neither would word be as fast, instead most people would have to rely on handwritten letters which would be unreliable.
Social Changes
Changes to Life
What would happen without it
What were the most important 3?
Full transcript