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The Civil War

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Kenny Golding

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of The Civil War

VA/US History By: Kendall Golding During The Civil War Before Pre-Civil War (1880-1860) Civil War (1860-1865) Southern Women Women's Suffrage Movement Seneca Falls Declaration Women and Health Movement Battle of Gettysburg Union Soldier Battle of Fort Sumter Battle of Appomattox Courthouse Slave Civil Rights Act of 1866 Freedmen's Bureau Reconstruction Amendments July 19-20, 1848 Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Cady Stanton Seneca Falls, New York Wesleyan Methodist Church to write the Declaration of Sentiments nearly 300 women and men gathered and approved all parts of the declaration unanimously to gain equal rights for women ex. voting began before the Civil War and continued until after 1848-1920 Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony Seneca Falls, New York Worcester, Massachusetts supported by women
and men everywhere proclaim
women's
rights
to vote 1849-1850s Elizabeth Blackwell-first women to graduate from medical college Catharine Beecher-undertook a national survey for women's health New York Infirmary for Women and Children Beecher found three sick women for every healthy one women rarely bathed or exercised because the corsets they wore were so restrictive that breathing sometimes was difficult to help sick people get better April 12-14, 1861 Confederate-PGT Beauregard Union-Robert Anderson Charleston Harbor, South Carolina Confederate Victory marked the beginning of the Civil War July 1-3, 1863 Union-George G. Meade Confederate-Robert E. Lee Gettysburg, Pennsylvania Union Victory the South attacked the 3,000
Union soldiers, but after hours
of fighting the soldiers were
overwhelmed and retreated suddenly, in an hour 6,000 troops were dead As a result, of this terrible battle
President Abraham Lincoln gave a
very historical speech known as the
Gettysburg Address dedicated to the
courageous men that died there. April 9, 1865 Union-Ulysses S. Grant Confederate-Robert E. Lee Appomattox, Virginia Union Victory Lee signed a surrender with Grant ending the war created March 1865 renewed February 1866 passed by Congress initiated by
President Abraham Lincoln Head of the Freedmen's Bureau-
Union General Oliver Otis Howard created in the United States Congress building set up more than
40 hospitals
approximately 4,000 schools
61 industrial institutes
74 teacher-training centers to continue and enlarge the Act assisted former slaves and poor whites in the South to make the transition from slavery to freedom April 9, 1866 passed by Congress vetoed by President Andrew Johnson Congress passed over his veto John Birgham Senator Lyman Trumball Senate Judiciary Committee created in the United States Congress building forbade states from passing discriminatory laws ex. black codes that severely restricted African Americans lives guilty of a misdemeanor jail up to a year fine up to $1,000 gave African Americans citizenship incorporated 13 and 14 amendment black males gained the
same rights as white males ex.were able to
make and enforce contracts
sue and be sued
give evidence in court inherit purchase, lease, sell, hold and convey real and personal property purpose was to give
newly emancipated
African Americans
equality with white
people before
the law 13-passed on February 1, 1865 14-proposed June 13, 1866 ratified July 28, 1868 15-proposed February 26, 1869 ratified February 3, 1870 13-written by Congress members
James Mitchell Ashley
James Falconer Wilson
Senator John B. Henderson Signed off by President Abraham Lincoln 14- written by Congress enforced by the Supreme Court 15-written by Congress Thomas Mundy Peterson-
first person to vote under the new law created in the United States Congress building 13-slavery was abolished permanently in the United States 14-former slaves were granted citizenship 15-voting rights were
guaranteed regardless of
race
color
being a former slave to abolish slavery and grant equal rights to former slaves Lucrettia Mott the Union was chased
through Gettysburg by
the Confederates Lee took the blame
because he thought
all these innocent men
deaths were his fault in the end 53,000 men
were either dead or
wounded this was the bloodiest battle the Civil War had ever seen As a Southern woman,
I am fed up with living by
men’s rule because I know I am a
strong, independent, powerful woman
that does not need a man to survive.
This is why I am glad the suffrage
movement is starting because it is finally
giving us women the opportunity to fight for what we believe in. For example, we get to gain equal rights to things, such as voting. Surprisingly,
not only women, such as myself support this cause but some men did to. In addition, I attended the Seneca Falls Convention in New York, which was led by my idols Susan B. Anthony, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Lucrettia Mott. This is where the Seneca Falls Declaration was written to gain equal rights for women everywhere. In Fact, I approved this document right away along with nearly 300 other men and women. Now in society, health
for women is an issue; Catherine Beecher states that it could be from the
tight corsets we wear all the time that is making us sick because they do
not allow us to exercise, bath, or even breathe well. I am going to stop
wearing mine and go to the clinic run by Elizabeth Blackwell to see what
her suggestions are for more confront. Furthermore, women should be
gaining the independence to make their own decisions and I am going to
make sure I am part of the movement to gain women the respect we deserve. As a Union Soldier,
I have seen everything
from the bloodiest, deadliest
battles to the most shocking,
history changing battles that Sumter was a Confederate victory that could ever occur in the Civil War. For example, the battle of Fort marked the beginning of the Civil War but was an upset to
Union soldiers everywhere because we were hoping to win
to better the country unlike what the Confederates
would do. In fact, we would restore the Union
because all the Confederates want is separation,
which is ruining this nation. Then, the battle of
Gettysburg occurred, which was finally a victory for
the Union, even though 3,000 us soldiers were
attacked and chased by the Confederates through the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Suddenly, 6,000 men all around me were dead within an hour, but in the end over 53,000 men were dead and wounded, marking this as one of the bloodiest battles I have ever experienced. After, this battle
occurred I attended the reading of the Gettysburg Address
written by President
Abraham Lincoln, which moved me greatly to try and help the nation become a whole again for all the fallen soldiers that died trying to make this country a better place. Now I am fighting in the battle of Appomattox Courthouse, the final battle of the Civil War and I smell a Union Victory in the air because General Lee of the Confederate Army is getting ready to surrender to my commander General Grant. I can just feel it in my fingertips. Furthermore, American get ready because a change is going to come very soon. As a slave, I am finally
glad to be free from the
plantation owner’s rule;
which means no more cruel
punishments or hard and painful
labor to endure. I am an independent African American man gaining the
freedom I deserve in this world. There are many events taking place now that have opened up the road of freedom for me. For example, the Freedmen’s Bureau allowed for me to receive several benefits after slavery, such as an education, a job, clothes, food, and medical attention if needed. Then the Civil War Act of 1866 was passed which gave me full citizenship and forbade states from passing discriminatory laws against me. In addition, the Reconstruction Amendments were added to the Constitution to abolish slavery permanently throughout the United States, give former slaves like me citizenship, and grant voting rights
to me regardless of my race, color, and former status. Furthermore, I am
very thankful for all three of these
acts because if it was not for them
I would still be a miserable
slave abiding by a selfish
southern plantation
owners rules. Reconstruction (1865-1877) After “We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal.”
-First Women’s Rights Convention “Resolved. That all laws which prevent women from occupying such a station in society as her conscience shall dictate, or which place her in a position inferior to that of man are contrary to the great precept of nature, and therefore of no force or authority. Resolved. That women is man’s equal-was intended to be so by the Creator, and the highest good of the race demands that she should be recognized as such.”
-Seneca Falls Convention “Having defended Fort Sumter for thirty-four hours, until the quarters were entirely burned, the main gates destroyed by fire…the magazine surrounded by flames,…four barrels and three cartridges of power only being available and no provisions but pork remaining, I accepted terms of evacuation…and marched out of the fort…with colors and flying and drums beating…and saluting my flag with fifty guns.”
-Robert Anderson “More than half a mile their front extends…man touching man, rank pressing rank…the red flags wave, their horseman gallop up and down, the arms of [thirteen] thousand men, barrel and bayonet, gleam in the sun, a sloping forest of flashing steel. Right on they move as with one soul in perfect order.”
-Frank Aretas “…a separate department responsible alone to the President, and supported by military power from him, to take charge of the abandoned and forfeited lands of the rebels, settle them with freedmen, guard the interests of these latter, aid in adjusting wages, in enforcing contracts, and in protecting these unfortunate people from injustice and securing them their liberty.”
-New York Times “…already granted citizenship to all people born in the United States…”
-Civil Rights Acts of 1866 “…provide for the real freedom of their former slaves.”
-Senator Lyman Trumbull “13th Amendment does not prohibit mandatory military service in the United States. But the 13th Amendment does prohibit specific performance as a judicial remedy for violations of contracts for personal services such as employment contracts, Offenses against the 13th Amendment were being prosecuted as late as 1947.”
-Supreme Court “Congress shall have
power to enforce this
article by appropriate
legislation.”
-Section 1 of the 15th
Amendment “…this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom…by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”
-Gettysburg Address This was a time in history were significant changes were taking place as the United States was just beginning to form itself. This was a time in history where the country split up against each other into two separate nations of the Confederacy and the Union and fought against each other because the Union wanted the country to be one nation instead of several independent states. In addition, as the war continued it gradually became about gaining civil rights for all Americans. These series of events cover the United States from the 1865-1877 era following the Civil War and the transformation of the Southern states society from 1863-1877.

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