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How does where we live decide how we live?
Transcript of How does where we live decide how we live?
One of the most insular countries in the Middle East, Saudi Arabia has move out from being an underdeveloped desert kingdom to become one of the wealthiest nations in the region thanks to great oil resources.
Climate & Natural Hazard
Saudi Arabia has a desert climate in general, which has a really high temperatures day-time and a sharp drop at night. The average temp in Summer is 113°F, but can be high as 129°F. In the winter, the temperature rarely drops below 32°F. Saudi Arabia gets very little rain, only about four inches a year on average.
In Saudi Arabia, you get sand and dust storms that are deadly. Many volcanic formations, there has been little activity in the past few centuries; volcanoes includes Harrat Rahat, Harrat Khaybar, Harrat Lunayyir, and Jabal Yar.
Saudi Arabia is located in the Middle East between the Persian Gulf and the Red Sea. It borders Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait to the north, Yemen to the south, and Oman, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), and Qatar to the east. With a land area of about 1.96 million square kilometers (756,981 square miles), Saudi Arabia is about one-fourth the size of the continental United States. Riyadh, the capital, is located in the central eastern part of the country.
'Where we live decide how we live'
Saudi Arabia’s natural resources are petroleum, natural gas, Iron ore, gold, and copper.
Saudi Arabia is one the world’s largest producers of petroleum products and suffers a number of related problems, including oil spills on land and off its coasts. Sensitive marine habitats especially in the Persian Gulf, have been in decline for decades because of oil pollution.
Environment issue and resources
People and Society
These are the statistics of the Ethnic groups
90% are Arab and 10% are Afro-asian
Arabic is the official language, but English is widely spoken. It is used in business and is a compulsory second language in school. The non-Saudi population, many people speak Urdu, the official language of Pakistan, and other Asian languages such as Farsi and Turkish
Saudi Arabia occupies a special place in the Islamic world as the birthplace and heartland of Islam. Islam is the official religion of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The public practice of any religion other than Islam is not allowed in Saudi Arabia. Most Saudis, about 85% of the population, are Sunni Muslims who follow the Wahabbi sect of Islam. The followers of Islam, called Muslims, believe that there is one God, Allah, and that Mohammed was His last prophet.
Population & Life Expectancy
Saudi Arabia has the total population of 28.7 million. 20 million Saudi and 8 million
Male: 72.79 years
Female: 76.94 years
Saudi Arabia has no minimum wage.
Access to Education
Age 15 and over can read and write.
Total population: 87.2%
Saudi Arabia has achieved a remarkable literacy rate of 96 per cent with religious traditions playing a crucial role.
GDP is used to measure how rich a country is.
If we go by GDP per capita based on population size, Saudi Arabia ranks 29th. (2014)
If we go by GDP alone, Saudi Arabia ranks 18th (2014)
(GDP is a wealth scale for countries, and GDP per capita is just the wealth divided by the number of citizens)
There is a big difference between the rich and the poor in Saudi Arabia, with wealth mainly concentrated in the hands of the upper class. Basically, the nation is wealthy, the people aren't.
Health Expenditure: 3.7% of GDP (2011)
Unemployment Rate in Saudi Arabia decreased to 5.50 percent in the fourth quarter of 2013 from 5.60 percent in the third quarter of 2013. Unemployment Rate in Saudi Arabia averaged 5.44 Percent from 1999 until 2013.Unemployment Rate in Saudi Arabia is reported by the Central Department of Statistics and Information.
Country comparison to the world: 31