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Beginners Photography

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by

Rachel Oates

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of Beginners Photography

Photography 1) You don't necessarily need a lot of money or an expensive camera The Important Bits... £750 vs. £15 2) Take your camera everywhere because you never know when you'll see a good opportunity for a photo! 3) Don't be afraid to look silly to get the photo you want 4) When you can, always use your camera on manual.
Your photos might not be perfect at first...
...but you'll learn to understand how your camera works faster...
...and it'll make you a better photographer in the long run! Using an SLR 1) Shutter Speed 2) Aperture Size 3) ISO / ASA 4) White Balance Longer Shutter Speeds Can Cause Motion Blur
This can be useful in certain circumstances
Shorter shutter speeds won't - you'll capture a clean, sharp image. Shutter Speed Controls how long the shutter is open for – alters exposure and what the image looks like Playing with light and long shutter speeds produces some awesome effects: Shutter Speed's also really important to take into account when photographing water: And for sports photography: On the way to a lecture... Going Shopping... Shutter speed also affect exposure.
The longer the shutter is open the brighter the image will be! BULB ...10" 8" 5" 3" 2"4 1" 2 4 8 20 30 60 80 125 250 1000 2500 4000 10 seconds 1/4000 of a second Longer shutter speeds aren't advisable without a tripod - you can end up with blurry images
Get round this by resting your camera on something
e.g. a wall, fence, table Tip: In clubs try using a flash with a long shutter speed

The flash will ensure the subject is exposed correctly and the image is sharp, while the long shutter speed will take advantage of the bright moving lights and add some cool effects to your photos! Measured in f stops:
f1.2 f1.4 f 1.8 f2.8 f3.5 f4 f5.6 f8 f11 f16 f22 The aperture size controls the amount of light which enters the camera.
Effects the depth of field and the exposure. Tip: Use a long shutter speed and a zoom to paint with light

In low light conditions where some bright lights are present, use a long shutter speed and zoom it takes the photo to capture light trails Aperture Size The numbers refer to how wide the aperture opens: the smaller the number the wider the aperture and the more light it lets in. Depth of Field - The area (distance from the camera) in sharp focus. The wider the aperture, the narrower the depth of field This is why wider apertures are useful at gigs when you have low light conditions Small apertures / great DOF:
- f 11, f16, f22
- Shows sharp detail in background and foreground
e.g. Landscape and architecture photography Generally Range Between 100 - 6400
But some DSLRs do go higher! ISO ISO: International Organisation for Standardisation Standard measurement for the camera's sensitivity to light The higher the number the more sensitive to light. In low light situations, with no flash, you want as high an ISO as possible... ...but there are problems... ...the higher the ISO the noisier you image! Getting the Balance Right... So, you want to find a balance between Shutter Speed, Aperture Size and ISO that: 1) Produces the correct exposure 2) Gives you the right depth of field required 3) Is not too noisy as to detract detail from the image Hold shutter open as long as required White Balance The intensity of a light source is not the only factor to consider when taking a photo... The colour temperature will also affect how your photo turns out This can be offset by altering your white balance A camera's image sensor records a light source's colour temperature and shows it in the photo as a colour cast. e.g. Tungsten light bulbs cause the photo to look orange White balance adjusts this so that the whites in the image appear white. Often the auto mode can work quite well if the temperature falls between 4,200 and 7,000 degrees Kelvin, however, you can set it to suit the situation you're in. If you shoot in RAW the white balance isn't too important as it can be adjusted afterwards in Photoshop's Camera RAW mode... ...however if you're shooting JPG then you want to try and get the white balance right at the time. Although you can alter it afterwards, this can be difficult in some cases. Large apertures / Small DOF:
- Emphasise subject matter
- Blur distracting backgrounds
- Pick out subjects from a distance
e.g. Wildlife and Sports Photography http://camerasim.com/camera-simulator/ Want to practice using this without an actual SLR? Composition 1) Rule of Thirds Visiting friends... 2) Symmetry 3) Look for interesting angles and ways to make use of natural light Final Things... Read everything about photography you can

The only way you'll get better is with practice

Photoshop is your friend, but don't go overboard with it

If 1 out of every 10 photos you take is good, you're doing very well

This website is very useful, read it:
http://www.cambridgeincolour.com/
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