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Transcript of Friday presentation
ALWAYS You spend much
more time working
than initially intended. But for workaholics,
the rest day never comes. You work in order to reduce feelings of guilt, anxiety, helplessness and depression. On the seventh day,even God rested… You work so much
that it has negatively
influenced your health. The superhero myth The envy of their peers, accomplished, responsible, and able to take charge of any situation.
Workaholics suffer from a compulsive disorder that masks a range of feelings, from anger to depression, and maladjustment in the forms of feelings of poor self-worth, difficulty with intimacy, and fear of loss of control. The Messiah myth Workaholics swear they are working hard for their families.
Workaholics overextend themselves to fill an inner void to medicate emotional pain, and to repress a range of emotions. You become stressed
if you are prohibited
from working. Workaholism, a pathological psychological symptom that some psychologists view as a serious affliction -- and unfortunately, one that's socially sanctioned. The job makes me do it myth The source of work addiction is inside us. The workaholic who blames the high pressured workplace for his or her work addiction is as much a stereotype as an alcoholic who blames a "nagging" spouse for his or her alcoholism. You think of
how you can
free up more
time to work. You have been
told by others
to cut down
on work without
listening to them. the term “work” generally is used to denote the exertion of effort toward some end, economically it refers to activities oriented toward producing goods and services for one’s own use or for pay. What is work? You deprioritize
and exercise because of your work. What is workaholism? Myths and Truths about Workaholism Workaholics are better workers myth Workaholics create stress and burnout for themselves and for their fellow workers, creating negative fallout in the form of low morale, disharmony, interpersonal conflict, lower productivity, absenteeism and tardiness due to stress-related illnesses, loss of creativity, and lack of team cooperation. Work addiction, therefore, is not a positive quality. The wedded to work myth They must enjoy their jobs to be work addicted because they spend so much time working.
Although most workaholics say they enjoy their jobs, work satisfaction is not necessarily a prerequisite to work addictions. The imposter myth Holds that work addiction is not a legitimate addiction because it doesn't have a physiological basis as do the chemical and food addictions.
The release of adrenaline, like other drugs, creates physiological changes that lead to "work highs" that become addictive and potentially fail. The stepchild addiction myth General belief that work addiction is not a true member of the addiction family because it is secondary to the more serious primary addictions.
Work can be a primary addiction or it can be secondary, blending with other addictions. The Gainfully employed myth If you are not gainfully employed, you cannot be work addicted.
Work addiction is not limited to paid gainful employment. It can manifest itself in many forms by consuming the workaholic's identity, time, energy and thoughts. The Slacker Myth Workaholics fear that if they moderate their work habits, they will be perceived as slack or remiss in their responsibilities.
Workers who live balanced lives are more efficient and productive and bring better quality and productivity to their work because they are less stressed and clearer minded. The I'll quit tomorrow myth A mistaken belief that recovery from work addiction requires simply cutting back on work hours.
Like other addictions, recovery from work addiction goes deeper than simply measuring the number of work hours. It requires insights into unresolved emotional needs, difficulty with intimacy, and need to control. 1. Compared to 5 years ago, work is a regular part of your evenings and weekends. 2. You spend less time with family, friends, community and
being engaged in regular activities such as exercise. 3. You eat faster, talk faster, walk faster. You feel like you're
constantly trying to "catch up." 4. You're developing skeletal and muscular problems because of the
amount of time you spend sitting or standing, under stress. 5. Your focus and concentration is not good, and
your productivity is actually declining. Kinds of Workaholism Relentless Workaholics Bulimic Workaholics Savoring Workaholics Attention-Deficit Workaholics Careaholics Is it normal? How do we distinguish hard working from workaholism? Hard workers think of work as a required and (at times) pleasurable obligation.
Workaholics see work as a way to distance themselves from unwanted feelings and relationships.
Hard workers keep work in check so
they can be available to their family and friends.
Workaholics believe that work is more important than anything else in their lives, including family and friends.
Workaholics get excitement from meeting impossible demands
Hard workers don’t.
Hard workers can take breaks from work .
Workaholics can’t. They think about work regardless of what they’re doing or who they’re with.
NO. There is no such thing as “normal addiction”. Workaholism can also be compared to alcoholism or smoking. And as per the DSM-IV-TR , these things are not normal.
Signs of Workaholism Who are workaholics? They are always in a rush and superbusy They play the control game.
Nothing is ever perfect enough for them.
Their relationships crumble in the name of work.
They produce work in binges.
They are restless, no-fun grumps.
They are impatient and irritable.
They think they are only as good as their last achievement.
They have no time for self-care.
Who are more prone to be workaholics? Women, elders and the people being judged by the society were more prone to workaholism. Because of such societal stereotyping, they turn out to be more challenged to gain success at work.
Where does this lead employees? Normally most of workaholics found in confused state of mind and many people work in a compulsive way. They cannot change their poor working habits. Their social and personal relationships are deeply affected by the lack of time. They often suffer from headaches, allergies, tiredness, indigestion, stomachaches, ulcers, chest pains, dizziness. They easily get angry or agitated, suffer from insomnia and from memory blanks, have short attention spans, cannot relax and have mood swings.
Recent Studies about Workaholism Nothing Wrong About Workaholism As long as the compulsion to work is self-driven, it can lead to personal feelings of accomplishment (I finished that project! I solved that accounting problem!)and benefit the organization (That project is finished ahead of schedule! Our clients think we’re great!) according to Yehuda Baruch, the management professor behind the study.
Personality of the Workaholic and the Issue of “Self”by: T.A. Pychyl, Ph.D. Narcissism was positively related to workaholism overall, as well as to the components of workaholism known as impatience ("I seem to be in a hurry and racing against the clock.") and compulsion ("It's hard for me to relax when I'm not working.").
The high standards dimension of perfectionism (high expectations of self) was related to overall workaholism.
Personality of the Workaholic and the Issue of “Self”by: T.A. Pychyl, Ph.D. The discrepancy dimension of perfectionism (perceived gap between one's performance expectations and self-evaluation of current performance) was a significant predictor of all components of workaholism.
Finally, negative affect (NA) and positive affect (PA) demonstrated different relations with components of workaholism. NA (e.g., sadness,anger) was related to overall workaholism, as well as the components of impatience and compulsion. PA (e.g.,happiness, joy) was related to the polychronic control component of workaholism.
Scientists: Workaholics but Happy Isn’t it possible that scientists are simply downloading a few papers while otherwise relaxing surfing the internet? ‘I think if a scientist is downloading papers he is working,’ says Wang. ‘If he is watching YouTube videos and downloading papers at the same time, then he is also working.’
Scientists: Workaholics but Happy The nature of scientific work is different from these other professions. There tends to be more flexibility, that is, more control over one's time.
Treating Workaholics Cut your electronic leashes.
Eat lunch out of the office without answering your cell phone. No laptops in bed or at the table. No e-mail on weekends.
Learn to decide what must come first-it's a way to recognize that some things in life simply are more important than others.
Tame Your To-Do List.
Set a cutoff for the number of tasks that can reasonably be accomplished in a day-no more than five. If a new task must be added, knock another off that demands equivalent time. And schedule in time for play.
Dire Circumstances can push even the most severe workaholic off the treadmill. The top two calls for reform are:
"You're Killing Yourself!"
Workaholism can contribute to an array of health problems; a life-threatening illness is what it takes for some to slow down.
"Dad, Can I Be a Client?"
When a child comes home with a drawing of her family that doesn't include her father, for example, he may finally alter his schedule.
End Of Presentation THANK YOU! Work!
Work! Presented by:
Cansicio, Celine Mae F.
X Wanget al,Journal of Informetrics,2012,6, 655 (DOI: 10.1016/j.joi.2012.07.003)