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Significant People: Pope John XXIII

Short summary of Pope John XXIII for the 2 Unit Religion Syllabus (unfinished)
by

Lydia McD

on 22 August 2013

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Transcript of Significant People: Pope John XXIII

Significant People: Pope John XXIII
(Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli)
25/11/1881 – 03/06/1963

Syllabus Points
1. Explain the contribution to the development and the expression of Christianity of Pope John XXIII.

2. Analyse the impact of Pope John XXIII on Christianity.
The 20th Century
Society's Reaction to Pope John XXIII
Biography
Social Context
1969
1945
1951

1918-1919
1950's
1960's
Cultural Context
1910
1920's
1950's
1950's
Historical Context
1914-1915
1918
1939-1945
1960's

1950-1953
1957-1975
World War I
Rise of Communism
World War II
Cold War &
Cuban Missile Crisis
Korean War
Vietnam War
Oral Contraception
Television and Radio
Civil Rights movement
Feminism
The Moon Landing
The Atomic Bomb
Electricity generated from nuclear reactor
Spanish Flu (25 mill dead)
Recreational drugs
Concern for Social Justice (Liberation Theology)
1915
1925
1958
1939
1904
1881
19 March 1925
Ordained Bishop
Angelo Roncalli became bishop and began building bridges with the Eastern Churches.

1925-1935 Apostolic Delegate to Bulgaria
1935-1944 Apostolic Delegate to Turkey & Greece
World War II
Angelo Roncalli used his name to send word to the families who's sons where prisoners of war & assisted escape to many Jews.

In 1944, Pius XII appointed Roncalli as Nuncio to France for his war efforts and attended UNESCO meetings regularly, making him the first permanent observer of the Holy See.

In 1953 Roncalli became the Patriarch of Venice.
28 October 1958
Elected Pope
Angelo Roncalli was elected as a 'quite' transitional Pope in wait for Giovanni Montini (Pope Paul VI) to have the right requirements.

He took the name John XXIII and took office lasted less than five years.
10th, August 1904
Ordained Priest, diocese of Bergamo
In the Church of Santa Maria, after studding at Pontifical Roman Seminar with a scholarship form the Cerasoli Foundation
25th November 1881
Birth
Sotto il Monte Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, Italy.
Fourth child of 14, in a family of sharecroppers.
World War I
Angelo Roncalli was drafted as a Sergeant in the Medical Corps

He later became chaplain to young and wounded soldiers

In 1918, Roncalli opened the "Student House" in which young people where able to regain their faith
Encyclicals
Pacem in Terris
Published on the 11 April 1963, the themes include:
Human rights and moral duties
Community obligation, rights and justice
Equality and unity between states.
Called an ecumenical council
Pope John XXIII opened the council
The First Session of the Council
The Council was suspended on the death of Pope John XXII and reconvened by order of his successor Pope Paul VI.
Results:
Sacrosanctum concilium
The Laity were given more active roles
Conducted in the language of the modern man
The priest turned to face the congregation
People were encourage to study and the bible, a right only given to priest prior to this
Vatican II
25 January 1959
11 October 1962

13 October-
8 December 1962
21 June 1963
Mater et Magistra
Published 15 May 1961, which spoke about the church having a duty to teach & nurture its followers.
The theme was about the progress in Christianity and society in health care, education and housing.
1. Sacrosanctum concilium, Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, 1963.
2. Inter Mirifica, Decree On the Means of Social Communication, 1963.
3. Lumen Gentium, Dogmatic Constitution On the Church, 1964.
4. Orientalium Ecclesiarum, Decree On the Catholic Churches of the Eastern
Rite,1964.
5. Unitatis Redintegratio, Decree on Ecumenism, 1964.
6. Christus Dominus, Decree Concerning the Pastoral Office of Bishops In the
Church, 1965.
7. Perfectae Caritatis, Decree On Renewal of Religious Life, 1965.
8. Optatam Totius, Decree On Priestly Training, 1965.
9. Gravissimum Educationis, Declaration On Christian Education, 1965.
10. Nostra Aetate, Declaration On the Relation Of the Church to Non-Christian
Religions, 1965.
11. Dei Verbum, Dogmatic Constitution On Divine Revelation, 1965.
12. Apostolicam Actuositatem, Decree On the Apostolate of the Laity, 1965.
13. Dignitatis Humanae, Declaration On Religious Freedom, 1965.
14. Ad Gentes, Decree On the Mission Activity of the Church, 1965.
15. Presbyterorum Ordinis, Decree On the Ministry and Life of Priests, 1965.
16. Gaudium et Spes, Pastoral Constitution On the Church In the Modern
World,1965.
Unitatis Redintegratio
Ecumenism between all Christian Denominations
Impact
Pope John XXIII 'opened' the doors of the Catholic Church.

His title became Blessed John XXIII when he was Beatified in 2000.

2013 is the 50th anniversary of the death of John XXIII.
The election of Pope Francis has sparked a lot of discussion over the similarities between both men.
Full transcript