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Kyle Giroux

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Transcript of SUPERMAN

Superman and Ethics
Ethics--> moral principles that govern a person's or group's behavior.
All-Star Superman
Written by Grant Morrison
Wanted to make "a living, breathing, sprawling adventure filled with mind-blowing image of things unseen on Earth."
Illustrated by Frank Quitely
Main theme--> "Faith and Hope in Humanity."
Man Of Steel
The original story was written by Jerome Siegel and illstrated by Joseph Shuster
First published in Action Comics in June 1938

Brief Background
Born as Kal-El on the alien planet Krypton
Parents saw Kryptons impending doom, and sent him to Earth
He lands in rural United States
Adopted by Johnathan and Martha Kent
Who is Superman?
Fictional character
Superhero that appears in comic books published by DC Comics who continuously saves the world.
Considered to be an American cultural icon
Additional Media
1986- Man of Steel Limited Series
2003-04- Superman Birthright
2005-06- Infinite Crisis
2009-10- Superman: Secret Origin
Later on
Known as Clark Kent
As he grows, his parents notice he is not normal, and has superpowers
They try and teach Clark to use them for the greater good.
Clark names himself Superman
but keeps his alter ego a secret
Moves to Metropolis to fight crime
Released in 2013
Directed by Zack Snyder
Produced by Christopher Nolan
Based on the DC Comics character Superman, the film is a revamp of the Superman film series that portrays the character's original story.
Utilitarianism in All-Star Superman
Clark Kent abides by a strict set of rules
He tries to avoid killing anyone at all cost
Even those who deserve it
Deontologist Criticism:
When Clark visits Luthor in Jail and lies about Superman dying.
lying is not an acceptable way to approach a dilemma in a deontologist eyes.
Supporting Characters
Lois Lane
Serves as Superman's moral compass and partner
Jor-El and Lara
Biological parents
Johnathan and Martha Kent
Adoptive Parents
Taught him his moral make-up
Jimmy Olson
Worked with Superman at the Daily Planet
Utilitarian examples from Man of Steel

Clark Kent goes out of his way to save the offshore drilling crew from dying.
Just a child himself, he saves the bus full of children when he drives of the bridge into the river.
Surrenders to the U.S. Army upon request by General Zod.
This way, Lois and the rest of Earth are safe from their attach.
Deontology in Man of Steel
Johnathan Kent is more of a Deontologist
Tries to teach Clark how to be a superhero and stop evil, but by doing it the right way, abiding by rules
Supporting Characters
Lois Lane
Also a utilitarian
Volunteers to meet with Kryptonians to help Superman save Earth
Johnathan and Martha Kent
Adoptive parents that help guide his ethical standards
Biological Father that saved him from Krypton and set him to Earth
Video Example of Utilitarianism
Social Contract Theory
An implicit agreement within a state regarding the rights and responsibilities of the state and its citizens, or more generally a similar concord between a group and its members, or between individuals

"I exist only to protect Krypton. That is the sole purpose for which I was born. And every action I take, no matter how violent, or how cruel, is for the greater good of my people. And now, I have no people. My soul--that is what you have taken from me!"
-General Zod, Man of Steel
Virtue Ethics
Character traits that are defined by ones actions that define your ethical behavior
When Bar-El and Lilo try to fight Superman on Earth, they end up getting ill and come close to dying.
Even though they are trying to kill him, Superman still ends up saving them from death.
Ethical Dilemmas
An ethical dilemma is a complex situation that often involves an apparent mental conflict between moral imperatives.
Superman and Jesus

Lex Luthor and Al Capone

Jesus Can be compared to Superman as a Parallel
Jesus was sent down from Heaven, while Superman was sent down from Krypton
Both of their father's sent their sons to Earth to save humanity
When the story of Superman was created, Jerry Siegel's dad had just been killed. The creators were looking for a savior-like figure that they could relate to.
Jesus was crucified and then rose again, while Superman was killed and then returned in
Superman Returns
Meaningful Quotes
“I’m getting older and…and he isn’t. So, if I want to die happy, it’s time to get serious about killing Superman. Don’t you think?” –Lex Luthor
“We all fall short of that sickening, inhuman perfection, that impossible ideal. Feel that, Kent. Real muscles, not like his.” – Lex Luthor.
“He taught me that the measure of a man lies not in what he says but what he does. And showed me by example how to be tough, and how to be kind and how to dream of a better world. Thanks, Pa. Those are lessons I’ll never forget.” -Superman.
The Highvengers
1951- Superman and the Movement
1978- Superman
1980- Superman 2, 1983- Superman 3
2006- Superman Returns
2013- Man of Steel
Superman has a strict set of morals
Usually tries to hold back and not kill
Tries to find an alternative to fighting
Puts his life on the line for other's safety
Goal is to keep Metropolis and the World safe
He does not view himself above Earth, even though he has superpowers
Doesn't view himself as a God, but as a protector of the weak.
Specific Examples in the Text
Superman saving the Quantum mission from Lex Luthor
When Clark Kent tells Lex Luthor that Superman is dying
Even though he is lying, hes doing it for the greater good, now Lex Luthor will stop is reign of terror.
Even as he is dying, he still tries to save the world from Solaris
Even though he won't be he on Earth anymore, he is willing to spare his life for the people he has grown to love.
Decided from the beginning that he was going to use his powers for the greater good and for the "sake of humanity."
Superman always does whatever needs to be done to save Earth
Even if it means that he could possibly be hurt or even killed
Lex Luthor
Most dangerous/intelligent man on Earth
Superman's greatest Enemy
Bar-El and Lilo
1st astronauts from Krypton
Wanted to turn Earth into New Krypton
Ideals of Johnathan Kent and Deontology
Do the right thing.
Do it because it's the right thing to do.
Don't do wrong things.
Villain in Man of Steel
General Zod
Kryptonian warrior
Will do anything for power
Wanted to destroy Superman and take over Earth
General Zod
Tried to stop Superman and his father from changing the ways and traditions of Krypton
Superman wants evil people to cease but wont kill (usually) because its against his morals
Killing is wrong in any situation in his eyes
Superman is the ideal representative of being virtuous and having a morally good character. His sole purpose that he takes on earth is to help and protect the people that live on it. even if people don't support him, he still protects them

Film Example
Why can't Superman be with Lois
He would be putting her in danger, and would have to focus more on Lois instead of helping the public.
Not being with her is a sacrafice he has to make
Superman's decision to finally kill General Zod
When Clark's Father dies in the tornado
he has to decide whether to save him and reveal his secret, or let him go.
Lex Luthor can be compared to Al Capone because of their similar ethical standings.
Both are born in the city
They both are known for brutal acts of violence on the innocent people of their cities
They are both considered to be "human monsters," and sociopathic predators driven by greed.
Photo References
Retrieved April 28, 2014 from http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/3/30/All_Star_Superman_Cover.jpg
Retrieved April 28, 2014 from http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_9NA3eH4VZzA/Svb9iWRKQCI/AAAAAAAABJM/-iymVzB3gls/s1600/supeman+logo+wallpaper+02.jpg
Retrieved April 28, 2014 from http://comicsforserious.blogspot.com/2009/02/all-star-superman-complete.html
Retrieved April 28, 2014 from http://comicsforserious.blogspot.com/2009/02/all-star-superman-complete.html
Retrieved April 28, 2014 from http://www.carpenoctem.tv/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/al-capone.jpg
Retrieved April 28, 2014 from http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2013/6/6/1370529674573/Michael-Shannon-as-Genera-008.jpg
Retrieved April 28, 2014 from http://oddengine.files.wordpress.com/2012/09/2012-09-04-06-44-50-am.png
Retrieved April 28, 2014 from http://statici.behindthevoiceactors.com/behindthevoiceactors/_img/chars/char_25322.jpg
Comic Resources
Film Resources
All-Star Superman
Man of Steel
Noland, C. (Producer) & Snyder, Z. (Director). (2013). Man of Steel [Motion Picture]. USA: Warner Bros.
Morrison, G., & Quitely, F. (2007). All-star Superman. New York: DC Comics
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