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MaryAnn Oh

on 3 October 2014

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The Meaning of Philosophy
“THINKING which aims at maximum connected truth about all available experience.”

Philosophy obliges the person to pursue the process of search and discovery.

Real definition
The science of beings (things) in their ultimate reasons, causes and principles acquired by the aid of human reason alone.

Philosophy is one of the noblest
activities in which we can engage because it promotes wisdom in our lives.

The Purposes of Philosophy
Philosophy: Its Nature and Place in Society
What is Philosophy?
Why is it called a science?
What can we get from philosophizing?
What are the prevailing attitudes toward it?
What are the primary objectives in studying Philosophy of Man?

Philosophy of the Human Person
Five Views on Philosophyaccording to Harold H. Titus and Marilyn S. Smith
1. Philosophy as personal attitude towards life and the universe.

2. Philosophy as a method of reflective thinking and reasoned inquiry.

3. Philosophy as an attempt to gain a view of the whole.

4. Philosophy as logical analysis of language and the
clarification of the meaning of words and concepts.

5. Philosophy as an activity, both critical and analytical

Miriam Defensor – Santiago
The Meaning of Philosophy
Philosophy is a science of beings (things) – it covers all things which can be apprehended by the human mind, that is:

a)anything that exists,
b) is going to exist,
c) can be thought of,
d) is known.

Philosophy as science of beings in their ultimate reasons, causes and principles. It is through reason that a thing is known and understood.

Etymological definition
The term “philosophy” is derived from the Greek philos/philia meaning “love,” and sophia meaning “wisdom” or “knowledge.”

The literal definition of philosophy, then, is the love of wisdom or knowledge.

The literal definition gives us the idea that a person who takes part in studying Philosophical subjects is a man who loves wisdom.

The Purposes of Philosophy
5. Philosophy helps us understand the significance, meaning, value, and finality of human life.
6. Philosophy helps us know and understand God in His nature, essence, activities, and attributes.

So why philosophize?
We have to…It is our mission. God-by giving us a mind-consigns us to philosophize so that we can understand ourselves, others, the world, and Him better than we believe we do.

“Think Out of the Box”
The Meaning of Philosophy
A cause is something from which other things come.

Finally, philosophy can be acquired by the aid of human reason alone means that philosophy bases its knowledge solely on the reasoning power of the human mind, not on any authority.

RELIGION tells you there is a heaven.

SCIENCE describes HOW the heavens work.

PHILOSOPHY teaches you
WHERE, and…
HOW to get there.

1. Philosophy enables us to understand ourselves better.

2. Philosophy helps us understand others, our fellowmen.

3. Philosophy helps us understand others’ way of thinking.

4. Philosophy helps us understand the world and our place and role in it.

*James Porter Moreland
Philosophy is the attempt to think rationally and critically about life’s most important questions in order to obtain knowledge and wisdom about them.

*American Philosopher & Theologian

Attitudes Towards Philosophy
1. Philosophy is difficult to understand.

2. It is impractical or “out of touch with reality.”

3. There is no progress in philosophy, for even
philosophers disagree with one another.

Division of Philosophy
1. Speculative Philosophy – philosophy which considers beings for the sole purpose of acquiring knowledge of them.

2.Rational Philosophy or Logic – the science and art of correct thinking.

3 Real Speculative Philosophy – science which considers real being, that is, all beings which have their own nature.

4. Philosophy of Nature – mobile being endowed with physical motion.

Division of Philosophy
1. Metaphysics – it deals with human reality and system of human thought that seeks to explain the fundamental concept of man.
2. Practical Philosophy – is a philosophy, which considers how man naturally ought to act to attain his ultimate end.
3. Ethics – the science of morality of human acts.
-the study of what is right and wrong in man’s behavior in the pursuit of beauty and goodness in life.

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