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Transcript of Albert Einstein
Occupation: Theroetical Physicist
Birth Date: March 14, 1879
Place of Birth: Ulm, Württemberg, Germany
Death Date: April 18, 1955 (76 years old)
Place of Death: Princeton, New Jersey
Education: Luitpold Gymnasium, Eidgenössische Polytechnische Schule (Swiss Federal Polytechnic School)
Was the only son of Pauline and Hermann Einstein.
Had a sister named Maria (called Maja)
Began playing violin at age five.
Had trouble speaking as a child.
He was interested in how compass worked as a child.
First things we think of:
His messy white
And of couse,
But, there is much more to this genius...
Albert wasn't well thought of by his teachers.
His parents moved from Munich to Milan Italy, but left Albert behind so he could finish up school.
After two months by himself, he got a doctor's certificate stating he had a nervous breakdown.
The school dismissed Albert, and he left to be with his family.
More about his early life
Since he didn't obtain a diploma, he couldn't enter a university.
The Eidgenossiche Technische Hochschule ( the ETH), in Zurich, arranged for him to attend the school in Aarau.
In Zurich he befriended Michelangelo Besso, Marcel Grossmann, who helps Albert land a job in the Swiss Patent Office, and Mileva, whom he marries in 1903.
It is said that in 1902, Einstein and Mileva Maric had a daughter named Lieserl who was either died of sickness or given up for adoption.
After marrying Mileva Maric in 1903 , he had two sons.
The eldest was Hans, who devoted himself to academics.
The Youngest was Edward, who later suffered a psychotic breakdown.
Then in 1919 he divorced Mileva, and married his cousin Elsa Löwenthal.
The "Miracle Year"
In 1905 Einstein made four papers published in the Annalen der Physik, one of the best known physics journals.
The four papers—the photoelectric effect, Brownian motion,
, and the
equivalence of matter and energy
, changed physics and made him very famous.
Theory of Special Relativity
This theory explains how objects move in straight lines at a constant speed relative to each other.
As soon as you slow down, speed up, or turn, the theory doesn't apply.
That is why Einstein created the General Theory of Relativity to explain the case of any movement.
It states that time and space are relative. You base your time and space on the objects around you (relativity).
This theory also talks about how the speed of light is the cosmic speed limit.
This theory is mainly about gravity.
In this theory he stated that space and time where interwoven in space-time.
This theory describes how mass and energy affect space time and create gravity.
A great demonstration of this theory is placing an object on some fabric and watching how it bends the fabric (space-time).
All movement is effected by this depression, even
the movement of light.
Keep in mind that this is space-time. As the depression become larger time passes slower within the depression.
Theory of General Relativity
The End of His Life
He passed away due to an abdominal aortic aneurism that caused him to bleed internally.
The doctors could repair it, but he refused saying he had lived his life.
He died at the age of 76 on April 15, 1955.
After his death, as we all know, he legacy still lives on.
When was his birthday?
March 18, 1879
What was one of his theories?
The Special Theory of Relativity or the General Theory of relativity.
What does e=mc2 mean?
energy= mass x speed of light squared
What did Einstein do to be able to go to his family in Italy?
He faked a nervous breakdown
Why did Einstein pass away?
He suffered an abdominal aortic aneurism.
Equivalence of Matter and Energy
This included the well known equation
( energy = mass x speed of light squared)
Energy is the same thing as mass (they're like two sides of the same coin).
The speed of light in a vacuum is 186,282 miles per second (299,792 kilometers per second or 670,616,629 mph).
A little bit of mass equals a whole lot of energy.
e=mc2 is the equation that helped make atomic bombs later on.
In 1931, The Nazi's saw Einstein as an enemy due to his growing popularity and the fact he was Jewish.
Einstein learned that he was on a list of names the Nazis wanted to dispose of, so he moved to the U.S and took a position at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, NJ.
Einstein's equation e=mc2 was what allowed the U.S to make the fist atomic bomb, which was dropped on Hiroshima during WWII.
In 1921, he was awarded a Nobel Prize for Physics.
After WWII, he was offered the Presidency of the State of Israel, but declined.
He received the Copley Medal of the Royal Society of London in1925, and The Franklin Medal of Franklin Institute in 1935.
The element Einsteinium was maned after him.
During his autopsy, Thomas Stoltz Harvey removed his brain to keep for research.
BONUS: Why did He leave Germany?
The Nazis were gaining control and saw him as a threat.