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ARCE 2014 Final Presentation

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Anne Austin

on 31 October 2016

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Transcript of ARCE 2014 Final Presentation

Textual and Osteological indicators of illness in daily life at Deir el-Medina
Anne E. Austin
UCLA
Abd 1 prt sw 27 | aHa.n | rwtj | mr

O. Gardiner 0037. Hieratic and hieroglyphic transcription from Gardiner-Černỳ 1957.

Four parts:
Date
“Absence”
Name
Reason

Month 1 of Peret, day 27 | Stayed | Rutj | ill

Anatomy of an Absence from Work Record

Database of Records

O BM 5634
280 recorded days
70 "working"

Deir el-Medina 2014
Illness in the human remains
Illness in the absence from work texts
BM EA 53906
The value of the human remains at Deir el-Medina
Complement and complicate the texts
Provide new and comparable information about daily life
Offer unusual access to new material
Acknowledgements
This research was possible through support from the UC Humanities Research Institute, American Research Center in Egypt, Cotsen Institute of Archaeology at UCLA, Institut Français d'Archéologie Orientale, and the Egyptian Ministry of State for Antiquities. Special thanks to Willeke Wendrich, Kara Cooney, Jacco Dieleman, Emily Cole, Eric Wells, and Cédric Gobeil.
Meri-Sekhmet's Absences in O. CG 25785
sick
sick
off
off
in the valley
went to work but couldn't
in the village
back to work!
Demographics
Periostitis
Occupational Stress
TT 290: The Tomb of Iry-Nefer
Tibialis posterior muscle and toe flexors pass through here at the malleolar sulcus
18% Rate at Deir el-Medina with
79% Male, 21% Female
Conversion:
Royal Canon, year 1: Thoth 1 = February, 26 747 BCE
P. Ashmolean 1945.93 excerpt:
“I am all right. I am in health. Do not worry about me. You are the one whom I wish to see and about whose condition (I wish) to hear daily. As soon as my letter reaches you, you shall tell Amon to bring me back alive.”
-Translation by Wente
What kinds of illnesses did the people of Deir el-Medina face and how did they affect daily life?
Over 2,000 absences and 70 separate texts
Full transcript