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Transcript of Debating Workshop
Conflict should be limited to the ideas presented
Never direct any personal attacks to the other team The Debating Tree Teamline Point #1 Point #2 Point #3 Point #4 eg's eg's eg's eg's Audience Affirmative Negative 1st Affirmative Advantages Gives first impression of the debate.
Ability to shape and contextualise the
debate favourably. Disadvantages No rebuttal Contextualise Model Teamline Definition Allocation Substantive 2nd Affirmative 3rd Affirmative 1st Negative 2nd Negative 3rd Negative Holistic rebuttal
Summary of Aff case
New analysis or perspective
of existing points Rebuttal Substantive Advantages First chance to engage with negative case. Strongest rebuttal first. Rebuttal Counter model Teamline Allocation Substantive Advantages First reply. Strongest rebuttal first Rebuttal
Substantive Holistic rebuttal
Summary of Neg case
New analysis or perspective
of existing points Advantages Opportunity to characterise a
favourable last impression Normative Disadvantages Does not have first reply Disadvantages Harder to re-shape debate after 1st aff Disadvantages Harder to form a lasting impression after 3rd Neg Presented by Timothy Lou from Horses can Fly Allows debaters to explore hypotheticals Arises with words such as "should" or "ought" What is the status quo? Are there any problems with the status quo? How should these problems be addressed? What are the benefits of the model? What are the impacts of the model? Empirical topics are based on an empirical statement of fact. Eg, That the news is dead. Empirical It is NOT a debate about facts Usually requires a yardstick. That is, a list of criteria that determines whether the aff or neg are right. Using the example about news, the yardstick is determined by asking "at what point do we know that news is dead?" Yardsticks can be used in normative topics as well. Horses are
calm, quiet animals Horses can be
transported in floats Floats can fit
inside planes Planes can fly Therefore, horses can fly (why's that good for our case?) (why's that good for our case?) (why's that good for our case?) During Prep! Team Captain keeps time 5 min individual brainstorm 30 min discussion with Team Captain as scribe 15-20 min speech writing. 4th speaker and 3rd speakers help 1st and 2nd Last 5-10 mins double checking case while 3rd and 4th think up points of rebuttal. Using Examples Burden Shifting A burden is a list of issues or questions a team must prove to win the debate. These can be anticipated. By explicitly characterising the opposition burden, any failure to prove their burden will be emphasised. Burden shifting needs to be done within the bounds of reasonableness and commonsense. "Even If" Cases Definitional debates do not engage with ideas. They are an adjudicators pet hate! Show you understand the purpose of debating and argue your case "even if" the opposition's definition is accepted. Use their definition against them! Branding Teamwork is vital in debating. Make sure everyone is on the same page and knows how to explain all points. Label points! Instead of "why the government should adopt the model of making cigarettes illegal", "Role of Government" is more memorable. Have consistent manner. Take a Hardline Debating is about exploring ideas. Taking a hardline allows ideas to be explored to their full potential. Extreme positions also look more impressive. It will be easier for teams to concede from more extreme positions than a compromise. Manner Memorise introduction and conclusion Be yourself - have a conversation with the audience! Signpost, signpost, signpost! Style - watch different speeches and emulate different styles. Contrast your style to the previous speaker. Effectiveness/ineffectiveness arguments Principle arguments Message sent out arguments Role of institution arguments Argumentation Stakeholder analysis You don't have to be a know-it-all! Examples are used to prove some
theoretical principle works in practice. See it as similar to legal precedent. Rebutting Examples Show the eg is materially different from the
debate topic. Show the eg is otherwise irrelevant to the debate. Factual errors Statistics Flip them around and argue on principle. Eg, if 80% of statistics are made up, what about the remaining 20%? Surely that 20% shouldn't be disregarded? Meet new people