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NEWS

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by

Ethan Paul

on 8 April 2014

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Transcript of NEWS

Little Boy (Hiroshima)||Fat Man (Nagasaki)
August 9, 1945
Pictures of the Bombs
Bombings
Planning (Manhattan Project)
Hiroshima
- August 6th (8:15 AM Local Time)
- Colonel Paul Tibbets
- B-29 bomber plane dropped Little Boy
- Little Boy weighed 8,000 pounds
- Destructive power = 12.5 kilotons of TNT
- 90% of city wiped out instantly
- 80,000+ killed instantly
- Bombs' effects worsened through destruction of medical care
Nagasaki
- August 9th (11:02 AM)
- Major Charles Sweeney
- B-29 bomber plane dropped Fat Man
- 40,000+ killed instantly
- Topography limited blast
- Initially going to be dropped in Kokura
- Fires
- 1/3 of Nagasaki was destroyed instantly
$0.05
Vol XXVI, No. 26
Hirohito surrenders after second atomic bomb
Effects Of The Bombings
Controversy

Short Term Effects:
- 90% of doctors were victims (Hiroshima)
- Chief medical facilities destroyed (Nagasaki)
Physical Damage
- Cancer - Mental Retardation - Blindness
- Horrible scarring - Thyroid Problems
- Hair Loss - Diarrhea - Nausea
- Bleeding - Flash Burns - Death



World Times
August 14,
1945
Written by Mihir Kumar, Ethan Paul, and Silpian Dhiantravan (P8)
- Manhattan Project
- Only 2 options - Full Invasion or Bomb
- William S. Parsons
- Albert Einstein
- J. Robert Oppenheimer

Image of Hiroshima Bombing (Left)
Image of Nagasaki Bombing (Right)
The newspaper of anything having to do with the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
- Truman's order
- Most casualties were civilians
- Japan's peace talks
- Political move to show US's power
A Quote
Fujie Urata Matsumoto: “The pumpkin field in front of the house was blown clean. Nothing was left of the whole thick crop, except that in place of the pumpkins there was a woman’s head. I looked at the face to see if I knew her. It was a woman of about forty. She must have been from another part of town – I had never seen her around here. A gold tooth gleamed in the wide-open mouth. A handful of singed hair hung down from the left temple over her cheek, dangling in her mouth. Her eyelids were drawn up, showing black holes where the eyes had been burned out…She had probably looked square into the flash and gotten her eyeballs burned.”
July 16, 1985
August 14th, 1965
20 Year Anniversary of Bombings of Japan
-
Long-Term Effects

August 14th, 1975
30 Year Anniversary of Atomic Bombings
Some of the Many Effects:
- Genetic Abberations
- Babies suffered
- Estimates show that up to 200,000 people died by 1950 as a result of the bombings
- Emperor Hirohito
- Cold War
Interesting Facts

- Hiroshima bomb (Little Boy) made out of uranium
- Nagasaki bomb (Fat Man) made out of plutonium, which is more powerful than uranium
- Hiroshima was chosen because it was a large port with an army base and had not been damaged much by bombings that took place before
- Little Boy cost $2 billion



April 8th, 2014
More Interesting Facts

April 8th, 2014
- Tsutomu Yamaguchi survived two atomic blasts
- 12 cyanide pills kept in Enola Gay (pilots told to take them in case of a compromised mission)
- Took Japan 3 hours to realize Hiroshima had been bombed
- US dropped about 49 practice bombs (known as pumpkin bombs) before nukings, killing 400 and injuring 1,200
Kayano Nagai: “I saw the atom bomb. I was four then. I remember the cicadas chirping. The atom bomb was the last thing that happened in the war and no more bad things have happened since then, but I don’t have my Mummy any more. So even if it isn’t bad any more, I’m not happy.”
Another Quote
-The cities that could have been bombed were Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Kyoto, Niigata and Kokura
- Kyoto wasn't destroyed because US Secretary of War enjoyed it on his honeymoon, so Nagasaki took it's place
- People disappeared (heat from bomb created shadows of people)
Even More Interesting Facts
“It [the bomb] should be used as soon as possible”
“It [the bomb] should be used on a military installation surrounded by houses or other buildings most susceptible to damage.”
“It [the bomb] should be used without explicit warning of the nature or the bomb.”

April 8th, 2014
Manhattan Project Quotes Released
July 16th, 1989
October 6th, 1975
October 6th, 1975
August 8th, 1945
Instant Deaths:
Hiroshima: 80,000+
Nagasaki: 40,000+

Long-Term (Casualties):
Hiroshima: 100,000 to 150,000
Nagasaki: 50,000 to 100,000

20 Million Homeless
Casualties
July 28th, 1984
Full transcript