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Cotton Textile Industry
Transcript of Cotton Textile Industry
The first mill in Ahmedabad was established in 1859 (5 years after the first successful mechanized textile mill was built in Mumbai.
It is the second largest textile city of India. It is also known as the 'MANCHESTER OF INDIA.'
The cause of the development of the factories was the favorable climate. It was also because Ahmedabad was situated close to a cotton growing area which assured the easy availability of raw materials.
The flat terrain helped to build more and more mills.
The densely populated areas of Gujarat provided a lot of labor for working at the mills. The newly developed roads and railroads help for the easy transportation of the goods to different parts of the country, providing access to market. The cotton textile industry is one of the oldest industries in the world. Till the industrial revolution in the 18th century, cotton cloth was made using hand spinning techniques (wheels) and looms. In 18th century power looms facilitated the development of cotton textile industry, first in the Great Britain and later in other parts of the world. Today India, China, Japan and USA are the most inportant producers of cotton textiles. The first successful modern textile mill was established in Mumbai in 1854. The warm, moist climate, port for importing machinery, availability of raw material and skilled labour resulted in rapid expansion of the industry in the region.
Initially this industry flourished in the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat because of favourable humid climate. But today, humidity can be created artificially, and raw cotton is a pure and not weight losing raw material, so this industry has spread to other parts of India. Coimbatore, Kanpur, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Ludhiana, Pondicherry and Panipat are some of the other important centres. Ahmedabad Cotton Textile Industry Weaving cloth from yarn is an ancient art. Cotton, wool, silk, jute, flax have been used for making cloth. The textile industry can be divided on the basis of raw materials used in them. Fibres are the raw material of textile industry. Fibres can be natural or man-made. Natural fibres are obtained from wool, silk, cotton, linen and jute. Man made fibres include nylon, polyester, acrylic and rayon. India has a glorious tradition of producing good quality cotton textiles. Before the British Rule, Indian hand spun and hand woven cloth already had a wide market. The Muslins of Dhaka, Chintzes of Masulipatnam, Calicos of Calicut and Gold-wrought cotton pieces of Burhanpur, Surat and Vadodara were known worldwide for their quality and design. But the production of hand woven cotton textile was expensive and time consuming. Hence, traditional cotton textile industry could not face the competition from the new textile mills of the West, which produced cheap and good quality fabrics. The downfall In the recent years, the productivity of cotton mill got reduced due to some problems.
Several textiles have been closed down due to the competition from other companies as well as the technology of the mills which may even be out of date. Osaka It is an important textile centre of Japan, also known as the 'MANCHESTER OF JAPAN.'
The textile industry developed in Osaka due to several geographical factors.
The extensive plain around Osaka ensured that land was easily available for the growth of cotton mills.
Warm humid climate is well suited to spinning and weaving.
The river Yodo Provides sufficient water for the mills and labour is easily available.
Location of port facilitates import of raw cotton and for exporting textiles. The textile industry at Osaka depends completely upon imported raw materials.
Cotton is imported from Egypt, India, China and The USA.
The finished product is mostly exported and has a good market due to good quality and low price.
Though it is one of the important textile cities in the country, of late, the cotton textile industry of Osaka has been replaced by other industries, such as iron and steel, machinery, shipbuilding, automobiles, electrical equipment and cement. Cotton Cotton Mill In Ahmedabad, India Cotton Mill In Osaka, Japan Summary Cotton textile industry is one of the oldest industries in the World.
Cotton Cloth was made by hand during the 18th century.
The Muslins Of Dhaka, Chintzes of Masulipatnam, Calicos of Calicut and Gold-wrought cotton pieces of Burhanpur, Surat and Vadodara were known worldwide for their quality and design.
The first successful modern textile mill was established in Mumbai in the year 1854.
Ahmedabad: First mill was established in the year 1859.
Cotton is imported from Egypt, India, China and USA. Quiz Time! ________ are the raw materials of the textile industries.
Cotton cloth was made using hand spinning techniques called _________ .
Weaving cloth from ________ is an ancient art.
The river _________ provides sufficient water for the mills
Where was the first successful modern textile mill established??
What is the first mill in Ahmedabad also known as??
What is Osaka 'also known as?'
Where is cotton imported from??
Why did several textile mills in Ahmedabad close down??
Natural fibres are obtained from?? Things made out of cotton Cotton T-Shirt Cotton Sofa Cotton Jacket Cotton Bag Group Members Omkar - Facilitator
Kunal - Facilitator
Faraan - Encourager
Joel - Facilitator
Mohammad - Summarizer
Mustafa - Summarizer
Majid - Encourager
Raheed - Encourager
Parth - Summarizer Thankyou!