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Chaparral Biome

Environmental Science - UP2 Biomes Monerah Al-Dubayan January 23, 2013 Period 5

Monerah Al-Dubayan

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Chaparral Biome

Chaparral Biome Locations Chaparrals are Found in: Plants Physical Landscapes Human Influences Animals Animals found in chaparrals include:
wild goats
jack rabbits
Many of these animals are nocturnal and tend to escape the heat during the day and come out only at night. This allows them to conserve energy and water along with keeping themselves safe from fires. What is a Chaparral Biome? Coastal Regions of Australia (Western and Southern)
Coastal Regions of the Mediterranean Sea - Europe, North Africa, Asia Minor
North America - Coast of California
South America - Coast of Chile
South African Cape Region Chaparral Biome Plants in chaparrals have adapted to the hot, dry climate allowing them to survive with little, or no, water. These plants include:
evergreen shrubs
willow trees
olive trees
scrub oaks
Some of these plants have hard, thin leaves to reduce water loss while others have hair on their leaves to collect water from the air. Also, plants living in chaparrals are fire resistant due to the many natural fires that occur in that biome. The fires help recycle the nutrients back into the soil where the fast-growing plants can continue to grow. Brushy areas composed of shrubs
Mediterranean weather
Rainy winters and hot, dry summers
Very lush and green during the winter
Becomes a drought during the summer
Sclerophyllous leaves
Hard, small, and leathery leaves
These types of leaves resist water loss and wilting
Frequent fires occur in chaparral, therefore species are fire-adapted Humans tend to live in chaparral biomes because of its climate, vegetation, and natural beauty. However, with people living in chaparrals, more forest fires have occurred causing an increase in the death of animals and the chances of their extinction. Glossary of Terms Monerah Al-Dubayan
Env. Sciene (5)
01/23/2013 Table of Contents • What is a chaparral biome?
• Where is the chaparral biome located?
• Animals living in the chaparral biome
• Plants living in the chaparral biome
• Physical landscapes in the chaparral biome
• Human influences in the chaparral biome
• Glossary of terms The chaparral biome is made up of dry regions, typically on the coastline.
They are very hot and dry during the summer and rainy during the winter with temperatures ranging from about -1 to 38 °C. Usually, during the winter
They only have about 10-40inches of precipitation every year. Different plants grow in different types of chaparrals worldwide. For example, in Europe garigue is the type of chaparral where the soil nutrient is very poor and only allows small herbs to grow. These include rosemary, thyme, and other small woody shrubs. Also, the coastal shrub chaparral in California is home to poison oaks, coyote brushes, sagebrushes, and chaparral yuccas. THANK YOU! Garrigue sclerophyllous Garigue Garigue: a type of low, soft-leaved scrubland ecoregion
Sclerophyllous: a woody plant with evergreen leaves that are tough and thick in order to reduce water
Aardwolves: a nocturnal black-striped African mammal of the hyena family, feeding mainly on termites.
Eucalyptus: a fast-growing evergreen Australasian tree that has been widely introduced elsewhere. Eucalyptus Aardwolf
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