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Nuclear Chemistry

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by

Kailey Cloud

on 3 May 2017

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Transcript of Nuclear Chemistry

By: Kailey Cloud and Macy La Rue
Nuclear Chemistry
Nuclear Chemistry is a type of chemistry that deals with radioactivity, nuclear processes, and nuclear properties.
What is Nuclear Chemistry
There are three types of nuclear radiation
Alpha
Beta
Gamma
Types of Radiation
Alpha particles have two protons and two neutrons and they bound together to make a article the same as a helium nucleus.
Alpha Radiation
A beta paricle is a high-energy, fast moving, electron or positron released in the radioactive decay of an atomic nucleus.
Beta Radiation
Gamma Radiation
Gamma rays are the most energetic form of electromagnetic radiation, with a very short wavelength
Radioactive Decay
Radioactive decay is the spontaneous breakdown of an atomic nucleus that results in the release of matter and energy from the nucleus
Applications of Nuclear Chemistry
Medicine:
Nuclear chemistry has proven to be very useful in curing or helping h various diseases. The most common is cancer; doctors use gamma rays, x-rays and charged particles to help cure cancer and reduce the cancerous cells.
Applications of Nuclear Chemistry Cont'd
Military:
In militaries around the world atomic bombs and nuclear testing is being studied. America used a nuclear explosive in Hiroshima to help end WW2
Nuclear Reactions
One biological example is radiation poisoning. Radiation poisoning happens when someone undergoes excessive exposure to ionizing radiation. In most cases radiation poisoning leads to the failure of an organ, cancer and ultiamtely death.
Sources
Radioactive Decay:
https://www.nde-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Radiography/radioactivedecay.htm
Nucear Chemistry:
http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~mcnemar/apchem/nuclear.pdf
What Types of Radiation Are There?
http://hps.org/publicinformation/ate/faqs/radiationtypes.html
Full transcript