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Cole & Scribner (1974)

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Nia Nelson

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of Cole & Scribner (1974)

The aim of Cole & Scribner's 1974 study ws to investigate the cultural influence on schematic knowledge and memory
After 15 trials, the Liberian non-school children barely improved (only remembered about 10 words and improved by only 1 word)
The Liberian school children performed the same as the US schoolchildren
The non-school children remembered more when the objects were related to stories and cultural tasks
Memory strategies are dependent on formal schooling
People learn and remember things based on what is relevant to their everyday lives
Provided a cause and effect concept of memory, but both schooling and culture were independent variables, so the results cannot be isolated (meaning, it s not clear which one affected memory the most)
Liberian non-school children and school children and US school children were used in the study
The memory of these children were tested by having them remember items on a word list that were organized into different categories. The test was repeated several times.
Cole & Scribner (1974)

Nia nelson IB Psych ii
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