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Chapter 17

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nikole Pasilan

on 30 January 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 17

Chapter 17
Colonial Politics: Towards Complete Autonomy The Wood-Forbes mission sent to the Philippines by the newly elected U.S. president Warren Harding in March 1921
led by former Governor General W. Cameron Forbes and Maj. Gen. Leonard Wood
among the criticisms were: lack of sufficient press which would insure a sound public opinion; mistakes in finances; delay in the administration of justice; need for good teachers both in lower and higher institutions of learning; inadequate treatment and care of cultural minorities The Administration of
Leonard Wood (1921-1927) Wood vs. Filipino Politicos The Conley Case and the Cabinet Crisis Ray Conley - American detective of the manila Police Department; charged of gross misconduct and immorality
Ramon J. Fernandez - Mayor of Manila
John Green - Chief of Police; reported that the charges were instigated by gamblers in order to get rid of Conley for making gambling unprofitable
Jose P. Laurel - secretary of the interior during the Conley Case
Court of First Instance July 17, 1923 - Manila's metropolitan dailies headlined the resignation of all the Filipino members of Governor Wood's Cabinet Jones law - Organic act operating in the Philippines during the American occupation. Wood was convinced that the board was illegal because of this reason/s:
Governor-General occupied a minority position in it
He could never get the consent of the 2 Filipino member (the Senate President and the House Speaker)
Two fundamental reasons of Wood for getting the Government out of the Business:
1.) Philippines treasury needed the money invested in the business enterprises to spend it for the greater benefit of the public
2.) Governments were not qualified, in any nation of the world, to conduct business or to engage in any industries which would compete with private initiative
1926 – Governor wood had reached the end of his patience
November 9, 1926 – Wood abolished the board of control
Philippine supreme court – upheld the legality of the action of the governor general
US supreme court – sustained the decision The Board of Control Controversy in the eyes of the Filipino leaders it was being excessively exercised, “on the most flimsy motives.”
Governor wood’s veto record showed the following:
From October 1923 to February 1924 – the 6th Philippine legislature passed 217 bills and concurrent resolutions
1st session of the 7th Legislature (1925) – 24 out of 27 bills were vetoed
2nd session of the 7th Legislature (1926) – the legislature passed 122 bills, out of which 44 were vetoed
Other work of Governor wood exercised:
altering measures already passed by the Legislature
He affixed his signature after the alteration The governor’s Veto Power •Wood’s tenure as Gov. Gen. was marked by deadlock and political strife
•The tension grew out of the Governor’s program to restore American supervision and control
•Political rancour was fanned by distrust and prejudice
•Wood found the Phil. Gov. bogged down in a major financial crisis and riddled with inefficiency, graft and nepotism
•Wood’s responsibility to reform the “critical situation” and restore the country•Wood’s political philosophy and economic views, his military background and personality, contributed to his troubles in the Philippines•After 1923, Quezon exaggerated his dissatisfaction with many aspects of the administration of Gov. Wood for his own political needs
Leonard Wood: In retrospect Wood’s political philosophy and economic views, his military background and personality, contributed to his troubles in the Philippines
After 1923, Quezon exaggerated his dissatisfaction with many aspects of the administration of Gov. Wood for his own political needs
Serious bone of contention between wood and the Filipino leaders was the issue independenceWood opposed Philippine independence and bitterly resented the agitation for it by the nationalistic politicos
Wood offended Filipino pride by consistency arguing against Filipino capacity
Wood's Government was limited by the Jones Law
Besides political matters, Filipino leaders disagreed with Wood's economic policy
Despite the problems of Wood's Administration, the Filipino leaders recognized his sincerity, honesty and respect on his administrative ability Henry L. Stimson
Inaugurated Gov. Gen. on March 1, 1928
Re-establish a working relationship with Filipino leaders
Willing to win the confidence of the Filipino leaders
Concentrated on political and administrative cooperation
Autonomy
July 1923 – complete cabinet
Belo Act.
New – era – change on emphasis as to the pre – requisites of independence
Gen. mental change
Cessation of the period of acrimonious deadlock
The Administration of Henry L. Stimson: Cooperation Restored
Full transcript