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A Comparison of Earned-Secure and Secure Attachment Styles a

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Hunter Ramsay-Smith

on 6 December 2013

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Transcript of A Comparison of Earned-Secure and Secure Attachment Styles a

A Comparison of Earned-Secure and Secure Attachment Styles and
Their Effects on Relationship Quality

Why this Topic?
Findings
For Further Exploration...
Prove that individuals do not have to become what they have lived through or be defined by their past.
Earned- Secure individuals can be effective and compassionate caregivers as well as experience just as positive and healthy romantic relationships as Continuous-Secures
Romantic Relationships
"Earned-secure wives regulated their affect as well as continuous-secure wives in their marital problem-solving interactions."

"Earned-secure and continuous-secure wives expressed more positive affect than preoccupied wives and less withdrawal than dismissing wives."

"Earned-secure wives regulated their affect as well as continuous-secure wives and more competently than dismissing and preoccupied wives."

"Difficult childhood experiences alone may not confer a greater vulnerability for future relationship problems."
Caregiver Role
"Under low stress the positive caring of the earned-secures did not differ significantly from the continuous-secures."

"Under high stress the positive caring of the earned-secures did not differ significantly from the continuous-secures, however, the positive parenting was significantly higher than insecures."

"A problematic upbringing does not lead to inter generational continuity of poor parenting under high stress conditions. "
Surprises
"Attachment Style of foster carers as measured by the Attachment Style Questionnaire was not found to be related to the quality of care provided to children. "

"Individuals who have worked through difficult childhoods were found not to be more steeled against stress than those who had happy childhoods."

"Only under high stress do earned-secures show more positive parenting than insecures. "
References
Beijersbergen, M. D., Juffer, F., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2012). Remaining or becoming secure: Parental sensitive support predicts attachment continuity from infancy to adolescence in a longitudinal adoption study. Developmental Psychology, 48(5), 1277-1282. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/dev/48/5/1277.html
Belsky, J., Crnic, K., Phelps, J.L. (1998). Earned Security, daily stress, and parenting: A comparison of five alternative models. Development and Psychopathology, 10 (01), 21– 38. Retrieved from http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayFulltext?type=1&fid=43530&jid=DPP&volu meId=10&issueId=01&aid=43529&bodyId=&membershipNumber=&societyETOCSessi on
Bruer, J. T. (2002). A path not taken. Psyccritiques, 47(3), 268-270. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/detail?sid=3354f2c4-4652-49cc-b3c0- a126d976a610%40sessionmgr4004&vid=14&hid=4114&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3Qtb Gl2ZQ%3d%3d#db=psyh&AN=2004-17556-014
Caltabiano, M. L., & Thorpe, R. (2007). Attachment Style of Foster Carers and Caregiving Role Performance. Child Care In Practice, 13(2), 137-148. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=6623f44a-1e4b-4af1-b933- fec6c43156a2%40sessionmgr4001&vid=6&hid=4114
Paley, B., Cox, M. J., Burchinal, M. R., & Payne, C. (1999). Attachment and marital functioning: Comparison of spouses with continuous-secure, earned-secure, dismissing, and preoccupied attachment stances. Journal Of Family Psychology, 13(4), 580-597. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/fam/13/4/580.html
Levy, K. (2013). Introduction: attachment theory and psychotherapy. Journal Of Clinical Psychology, 69(11), 1133-1135. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=a962211f-fe88-4a6e-99cd- 3490bfa6b176%40sessionmgr4003&vid=2&hid=4114
MacDonald, G., Locke, K. D., Spielmann, S. S., & Joel, S. (2013). Insecure attachment predicts ambivalent social threat and reward perceptions in romantic relationships. Journal Of Social And Personal Relationships, 30(5), 647-661. Retrieved from http://spr.sagepub.com/content/30/5/647.full.pdf+html
Mooney, C.G. (2010). Theories of Attachment: An Introduction to Bowlby, Ainsworth, Gerber, Brazelton, Kennell, & Klaus. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf Press.
Roisman, G. I., Padrón, E., Sroufe, L., & Egeland, B. (2002). Earned-secure attachment status in retrospect and prospect. Child Development, 73(4), 1204-1219. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=3354f2c4-4652-49cc-b3c0- a126d976a610%40sessionmgr4004&vid=12&hid=4114
Van der Horst, F. P., LeRoy, H. A., & van der Veer, R. (2008). 'When strangers meet?: John Bowlby and Harry Harlow on attachment behavior. Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, 42(4), 370-388. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=d709c189-2b98-4e4f-bc70- 6efcc5eaaa90%40sessionmgr4002&vid=8&hid=4114

Earned-Security in Peer Relationships
Fostering Earned-Security on College Campus
- Roomate Assignments
- Classroom activities
- Providing Student
attachment centered
psychotherapy
More Research centered on Earned-Security
Full transcript