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Transcript of Freedman Bureau
The Freedmens Bureau was an agency providing relief for free slaves and certain poor people from the south.
The Bureau was a difficult job, 900 agents served the entire.
Bureau commissioner Oliver O. Howard eventually decided to use the Bureau’s limited budget to distribute food to the poor and to provide education and legal help for freed people
Why Did this Start
Freedman's Bureau only lasted for 7 years.
Congress created the Bureau, but then they shut it down in 1872.
That wasn't the only reason why it got shut down, the Freedman's bureau was also not making enough funds.
The greatest accomplishment has been in the field of education, they built more than 1,000 black schools and spent over 400,000 dollars on institutions to train black teachers.
Each major black college has received some funding from the bureau.
When & Where did this happen
The Freedmen’s Bureau was established by an act of Congress on March 3, 1865, two months before Confederate General Robert Lee in 1870 surrendered to the Union’s Ulysses Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the Civil War.
It was intended as a temporary agency to last the duration of the war and one year afterward, the bureau was placed under the authority of the War Department and the majority of its original employees were Civil War soldiers.
The U.S. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, popularly known as the Freedmen’s Bureau, was established in 1865 by Congress to help former black slaves and poor whites in the South in the aftermath of the U.S. Civil War (1861-65).
Some 4 million slaves gained their freedom as a result of the Union victory in the war, which left many communities in ruins and destroyed the South’s plantation-based economy.
The Freedmen’s Bureau provided food, housing and medical aid, established schools and offered legal assistance. It also attempted to settle former slaves on Confederate lands confiscated or abandoned during the war.
However, the bureau was prevented from fully carrying out its programs due to a shortage of funds and personnel, along with the politics of race and Reconstruction.
In 1872, Congress, in part under pressure from white Southerners, shut the bureau.
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