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Engineering for the Developing World

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Roxana Gallegos

on 20 August 2013

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Transcript of Engineering for the Developing World

Electronic engineering
Aerospace engineering
Environmental engineering
Nuclear engineering
Chemical engineering
Marine engineering
Industrial engineering
What is the scope of electronic engineering?
Electronic components
What is Industrial engineering?
Is a branch of engineering that deals with the optimization of complex processes or systems. It is concerned with the development, improvement, implementation and evaluation of integrated systems of people, money, knowledge, information, equipment, energy, materials, analysis and synthesis, as well as the mathematical, physical and social sciences together with the principles and methods of engineering design to specify, predict, and evaluate the results to be obtained from such systems or processes.
Is the primary branch of engineering concerned with the research, design, development, construction, testing, science and technology of aircraft and spacecraft.

What is
Aerospace engineering?
Design and build aircrafts, such as commercial or military airplanes. Spacecraft. Design different kinds of machines, build them, and test to make sure they can do what they are supposed to.
What does an aerospace engineer do?
What is the scope of aerospace engineering?
Aerospace engineering is a high-technology discipline. Remains to be done to broaden its scope and application to develop next generation Hypersonic Aircrafts, fast whisper-quite Helicopters, reusable Spacecrafts and Launch Vehicles etc. As a result aerospace engineering is an ever evolving discipline full of exciting opportunities and challenges to keep one excited and engaged in its pursuit for ever. With several private players entering the Aerospace industry, the opportunities for an Aerospace engineer are only getting better and better.
They study the effect of technological advances on the environment. To do so, they conduct hazardous-waste management studies to evaluate the significance of such hazards, advise on treatment and containment, and develop regulations to prevent mishaps.

What does an environmental engineer do?
What is the scope of environmental engineering?
Solid waste management is the collection, transport, and even processing or disposal, managing, and monitoring of solid waste materials.
Environmental impact assessment and mitigation
Scientists have developed air pollution dispersion models to evaluate the concentration of a pollutant at a receptor or the impact on overall air quality from vehicle exhausts and industrial flue gas stack emissions.
Nuclear Engineering is concerned with the application of nuclear reactions and radiations for useful proposes. It combines aspects of several engineering disciplines with material science, chemistry, nuclear physics, neutron physics and applied mathematics.

What is nuclear engineering?
What does a nuclear engineer do?
- Designing power systems, nuclear propulsion systems, and radiation sources and detectors for deep space missions.
- Applying radiation for sterilization of medical instruments and food processing equipment, and for food preservation.
- Applying radiation to diagnose and combat cancer and other diseases.

What is the scope of nuclear engineering?
This is one field of Engineering which everyone thinks has no scope but it is actually the field which might produce the maximum number of jobs in future. The best part is that you do not have to be nuclear engineering graduate to start your career in the field of nuclear engineering moreover, you can do masters from most of the universities in US and UK even if your major in undergrad was something else like Physics or electrical engineering(as long as it is related to some science field).
Chemical engineering basically is applied chemistry. It is the branch of engineering concerned with the design, construction, and operation of machines and plants that perform chemical reactions to solve practical problems or make useful products.

What is chemical engineering?
Chemical engineers make designs and invent new processes. They construct instruments and facilities. They plan and operate facilities. They devise ways to make products from raw materials and ways to convert one material into another useful form. Chemical engineers can make processes more cost effective or more environmentally friendly or more efficient.
What does a chemical engineer do?
It is basically a field where the job profile varies from field work e.g. plant operation including refineries, chemical industry, fertilizers industry etc.; to design and development e.g. plant troubleshooting, revamp, control engineering etc. etc. (list is very long). 

What is the scope of chemical engineering?
Is the branch of study that deals with the design, development, production and maintenance of the equipments used at sea and on board sea vessels like boats, ships etc.
What is Marine engineering?
A marine engineer engages in the research, development, and construction of new marine vessels and their component parts. He/she might create blueprints, design engines and propulsion systems, test prototypes, and supervise the construction of full size ships. he might specialize by working on certain types of vessels, such as passenger boats, sailboats, cruise ships, submarines, or military battleships and aircraft carriers.
What does a marine engineer do?
They employed in the areas of designing, research and consultancy. They have opportunities in designing and building firms and even in the teaching or training profession. They can also opt for any job that a mechanical or electrical engineering graduate hunt for. Marine Engineering is one of the well-paid careers in the field of engineering .
What is the scope of marine engineering?
What does an industrial engineer do?
What is the scope of industrial engineering?
- Organization's strategic planning and operations.
- Management and evaluation of investment projects.
- Programming and process control.
- Improved systems to produce goods and provide services.
- Design and management of logistics operations and supply chain.
Civil engineering
What is civil engineering?
Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works like roads, bridges, canals, dams, and buildings.
They plan, design, construct, maintain, and operate infrastructures while protecting the public and environmental health, as well as improving existing infrastructures that have been neglected.
What does a civil engineer do?
What is the scope of
civil engineering?
Civil engineers will always be needed to maintain and repair existing structures and to construct new ones.
The experts say there is a high demand for experienced civil engineers in developed countries.
Civil Engineers can find job in Government departments, private and public sector industries, research and teaching institutions etc. Job opportunities for civil engineers are expected to increase as fast as the average for all jobs, although the construction industry is vulnerable to fluctuations in the economy.
Mechanical engineering
What is Mechanical engineering?
Is a discipline of engineering that applies the principles of physics and materials science for analysis, design, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It involves the production and usage of heat and mechanical power for the design, production, and operation of machines and tools.
What does a mechanical engineer do?

The role of a mechanical engineer is to take a product from an idea to the marketplace. The mechanical engineer needs to acquire particular skills and knowledge. He/she needs to understand the forces and the thermal environment that a product, its parts; and to determine the best way to manufacture them and ensure they will operate without failure.
What is the scope of mechanical engineering?
Nowadays the scope of mechanical engineering is to expand beyond its traditional boundaries. Mechanical engineers are focussing their attention towards new areas of research such as nanotechnology, development of composite materials, biomedical applications, environmental conservation, etc.
Mechatronics engineering
Is the design of computer-controlled electromechanical systems. It can be viewed as 'modern mechanical engineering design' in the sense that the design of the mechanical system must be performed together with that of the electrical/electronic and computer control aspects that will comprise the complete system.
What is Mechatronics engineering?
A Mechatronic Engineer is a person who exploits a synergy between mechanics and electronics to design, construct and maintain improved products and processes.
What does a mechatronics engineer do?
There is a lot of scope of Mechatronics Engineering, as it incorporates the ideas of electronic and mechanical engineering into one entity and covers those areas of engineering which is concerned with the increasing integration of mechanical, electronic and software engineering into a production process. It takes the principles of electronics, mechanics and computing a design a simpler and more economical system.
What is the scope of mechatronics engineering?
Genetic engineering
What is Genetic engineering?
Genetic engineering refers to a set of technologies that are being used to change the genetic makeup of cells and move genes across species boundaries to produce novel organisms. The techniques involve highly sophisticated manipulations of genetic material and other biologically important chemicals
What does a genetic engineer do?
Is a specialist in the field of genetics and conduct research in a broad range of biological sciences including biochemistry, botany, embryology, and microbiology. They have developed techniques with numerous important applications in the fields of medicine, agriculture, and animal husbandry.
Genetic engineers are mainly absorbed in medical and pharmaceutical industries, the agricultural sector, and the research and development departments of the government and private sectors. They can also take up teaching as an option.
What is the scope of genetic engineering?
Information technologies engineering
What is Information technologies engineering ?
It’s the application of computers and telecommunications equipment to store, retrieve, transmit and manipulate data, often in the context of a business or other enterprise. The term is commonly used as a synonym for computers and computer networks, but it also encompasses other information distribution technologies such as television and telephones.
An information technology specialist works with computers. The job tasks can include installing and repairing hardware, maintaining databases for user applications or overseeing departments of other IT specialists. Generally, an information technology specialist has a wide range of computer abilities and works in several capacities inside an IT department.
What does an information technologies engineer do?
What is the scope of information technologies engineering?
Architect of the technological infrastructure of an organization, designing the platform and information technology services, and properly selecting computer equipment and communications in line with the objectives set.Manager of Information Technology projects, planning and directing any project of technology implementation in an organization.Manager of Information Technology Services, overseeing the quality of technological operations of an organization.Analyst and information systems designer, attending the information needs of users at all levels of an organization and providing appropriate technological solutions.Consultant specialized in information technology solutions.
Innovations of the 20th century
- Electrification
- Automobile
- Airplane
- Radio and television
- Computers
- Telephone
- Space flight
- Internet
- Laser and fiber optics
- Nuclear technologies
Innovations of the 21st century
- Genetics and cloning
- Global communication
- Integrated electronic environment
- Interfaces and robotics
- Weather prediction and control
- Sustainable development
- Space exploration
- Food and water production and distribution
- Energy conservation

Genetics and cloning:
It’s fascinating how the science has evolved to a point where humans can manipulate the genes to create better vegetables and make a copy of another being, this is a reality thanks to genetic engineering.
The information technologies engineering made possible the world wide web, this is one of the most important inventions of human history, everyday we’re connected and communicated, thanks to the internet, the access to information is very easy.
Space flight:
This was the biggest step of aerospace engineering, since humans finally explored the outter space. Everyday this engineering gives us a new discovering about the universe.
Engineering for the
Developing World

513024 Narda Ileana Baeza Izaguirre
512801 Roxana Gallegos Vázquez
513439 Marilyn García Medina
512983 Marisol Acosta Martínez
512422 Diana L. Robles Gonzalez
Agronomic engineering
Is a professional with a strong background in math and science. He specializes in the areas related to the design, evaluation and operation of intensive animal production systems and plant, consider the efficient use of natural resources and human resources.
What is Agronomic engineering ?
He must be off-road, he should be comfortable both in the field and in an office. His work is divided into three:

1) Make decisions regarding food production, sustainable development and rational use and management of natural resources.
2) to propose solutions to the legal, technical, economic, administrative, social and political issues related to agronomy, nationwide, considering the international context.
3) Generate and transfer knowledge and techniques to optimize agronomic productivity, to promote a change of attitude among producers. “

What does an agronomic engineer do?
The Agronomist is a comprehensive professional, able to acquire and share critical to understand that the model of development in the agricultural sector must be balanced, sustainable and competitive. He also has the ability to learn to manage technology effectively to provide realistic at low cost and make the farmer reaches its productive efficiency and organizational management to solve their agricultural problems.
What is the scope of agronomic engineering?
Biomedical Engineering
Biomedical engineers apply engineering principles and materials technology to healthcare. This can include researching, designing and developing medical products, such as joint replacements or robotic surgical instruments, designing or modifying equipment for clients with special needs in a rehabilitation setting, or managing the use of clinical equipment in hospitals and the community.
What is Biomedical Engineering?
Biomedical engineering teaches you the engineering processes in sensitive bodies, as opposed to other engineering degrees. This enables you to apply your knowledge of sensitive systems into many fields of engineering, enabling you to be the best kind of engineer. Currently, not only is medicine making advances, but so is machinery, and this occupation allows the combination of the two to help further medical achievements, and create treatments, artificial limbs, and artificial organs etc.

Biomedical engineers are employed in the industry, in hospitals, in research facilities of educational and medical institutions, in teaching, and in government regulatory agencies. They often serve a coordinating or interfacing function, using their background in both engineering and medical fields. In industry, they may create designs where an in-depth understanding of living systems and of technology is essential.

What does a Biomedical engineer do?
What is the scope of Biomedical engineering?
Computer Enginnering
Computer engineers embed computers in other machines and systems, build networks to transfer data, and develop ways to make computers, faster, smaller, and more capable. Computer engineers are improving the ability of computers to "see" and "think." They are making computers more mobile, and even incorporating computers into fabrics, clothes, and building materials.

What is Computer Enginnering?
Computer engineers are hardware hackers who work on making hardware "Do things." For example, they can program the thermostat in your house to be remotely controlled via your iPhone. They are heavy on the programming side and on the hardware side. They work with chips, IC's, and other gadgetry. They tinker with things. Soldering, oscilloscopes, bread boards, and getting zapped by electricity are just some of the fun things we get.

What does a computer engineer do?
What is the scope of Computer engineering?
-Identify information systems to meet operational requirements, control and management of the organizations in which they play.
-Conduct feasibility studies and define technical, operational and economic projects.
- Set and monitor compliance with the technical standards, legal and administrative provisions governing the functioning and operation of computing resources in each organization.
- Organize and manage centers or areas of information processing.
- Evaluate and select hardware and software, setting appropriate procurement specifications.
- Driving the development of systems for managing, monitoring, storage and transmission of information.
Is an engineering discipline where non-linear and active electrical components are utilized to design electronic circuits, devices and systems.
What is Electronic engineer?
Electronic Engineers do both building electronic devices as well as designing schematics. These devices will apply to everything ranging from some dumb household appliance to some high-tech devices in rockets or space stations.
What does an electronic engineer do?

The major driving force for the present day Information Technology revolution is the development in Electronics Engineering. The advancements in microelectronics, satellite and optical fibre technology, analog and digital in communication techniques have resulted in developing complex electronics devices, circuits and equipments capable of implementing fast and efficient telecommunication systems. Real time transfer of audio and video signals is now possible with recent trends in broad band technologies. Penetration of electronics has now revolutionalised other areas like health care, instrumentation, automation, remote sensing, signal processing etc.
The End
Is the integration of science and engineering principles to improve the natural environment, to provide healthy water, air, and land for human habitation and for other organisms, and to remediate pollution sites.
What is environmental engineering?
Environmental engineers also design municipal water supply and industrial waste water treatment systems as well as address local and worldwide environmental issues such as the effects of acid rain, global warming, ozone depletion, water pollution and air pollution from automobile exhausts and industrial sources.
Industrial engineers are responsible for designing integrated systems of people, machines, material, energy, and information. They figure out how to do things better. They develop processes and systems that improve quality and productivity. They work to eliminate waste of time, money, materials, energy, and other resources. Most importantly, an industrial engineer is responsible for improving the overall effectiveness of an organization.
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