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The Russian Revolution of 1917
Transcript of The Russian Revolution of 1917
The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of events in which Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown and Lenin and the Bolsheviks took over. It took place during 1917, and entailed two separate revolutions in February and October. It eventually plunged the country into Civil War before leading to the founding of the Communist State.
Two Main Parts:
The February Revolution
The October Revolution
This revolution changed the autocratic Tsar-based government in St. Petersburg to a temporary provisional government.
This revolution replaced the temporary provisional government with a communist government ruled by Vladimir Lenin.
Nicholas II and his government brought down after demonstrations and riots
Nicholas II forced to resign
Temporary provisional government created by Duma
Petrograd Soviet (or Workers' Council) created by workers on strike
Petrograd Soviet and the provisional government competed for power
We want more governing power to go to the elite.
We want more governing power to go to the working class.
Clashing ideas lead to riots.
Several workers begin strikes and demonstrations
The workers of Pitilov, Petrograd's largest factory, announce a strike
International Woman's Day bread demonstrations, and 50,000 more workers on strike
All industrial businesses in Petrograd shut down by lack of workers
Tsar Nicholas II gives the order for the army to end the riots using force and several troops mutinied
Tsar Nicholas II leaves the throne
The temporary Duma-run provisional government is started
Nicholas, no longer Tsar, is reunited with his family and placed under house arrest
Vladimir Lenin led Bolsheviks
The Bolsheviks ultimately became the communist party
Took advantage of the poor government
Entire revolution happened in three days: October 24-26, 1917
The Bolsheviks occupied several city facilities
They also surrounded and fired upon the capitol building
They finally broke in to the capitol and arrested the leader, Karensky, who was a member of both governments ruling at the time
By Reed Ulery
By the way, this is the current flag of Russia...
The provisional government sent out its own troops
Karensky fled and the Bolsheviks took over
All of the guards surrendered
The Bolsheviks surrounded the Winter Palace, where the Cabinet and Karensky were protected by a small guard
Bolshevik troops began occupying several key points in the city
Series of Events on October 24-26
It went something like this...
But, they forgot about the rest of Russia, and this large anti-Bolshevik population was not very happy.
When the Bolsheviks took over, they thought they had Russia under control. Instead, they had this mountain of followers:
Basis for a Civil War
We want a non-communist and non-Bolshevik government.
We highly support the Bolsheviks and dislike anyone who dislikes them.
Clashing ideas lead to a civil war.
For any of you whom I bored to sleep or decided to not pay attention, here is a summary:
February- Autocracy -> Provisional and Petrograd Soviet
October- Provisional and Petrograd Soviet -> Bolsheviks
The obligitory citations:
Thank you for your time and attention.
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