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Women Roles in New France
Transcript of Women Roles in New France
Women of New France in the 1713-1800
Everyday women had to work very hard, they had to take care of the house, cook for the family, and take care of younger children. Sometimes a woman would also make clothes for her family using cloth that they spun.
Introducing European Women
European women were formed by the legal, cultural, and religious values of their society. A woman in New France was not unmarried for long unless she chose to be unmarried. Women joined religious orders in education. Groups of nuns represented a far more important source of educational training and were more involved in the larger community than in France because their work was more needed. In Montreal and Quebec, the hospitals are not only their healing centers, but it was also agricultural landscape.
European Women Roles
European women's main role is to raise children and take care of the household. If the women is very social, she might have servants and slaves to help her with her household. Poor families do not have slaves and servants but it depends on the work of older children. Girls help their mothers in the house and boys help their fathers.
Native women, from a wide range of nations, lived in North America for thousands of years before the arrival of French Explorers. There was a good variety of Indian Societies, most Native women lived more independent lives than the European. In some societies, in addition to the usual child-rearing and household economy practices, Native women had real political power and could elect village and tribal leaders.
European Women in the Country
European women that live in the country mostly participates on the farm. They world work in the garden, help the animals and the harvest, cook meals, make clothes for the entire family and keep the household.
European women in the City
Women living in the city keep their households but have other opportunities open to them. Sometimes, with their husband or alone, they have their own business. They could keep taverns or hotels while the majority are servants or maids for rich families. Others might be seamstresses or cooks.
Nuns in New France
Nuns play an important role, they are the ones who take care of the sick and act as nurses. For young children, mostly girls, they act as teachers. They administrate their lodging and even produce goods in the community. Poor girls that enter the convent have the chance to gain an education from the other sisters.
Filles Du Roi
The colony of New France needed more settlers if it was going to survive. Not only were more settlers needed, but also wives for the settlers were in great demand. The governor of New France, Jean Talon, had a plan. He decided to bring girls and young women over from France to marry the settlers.
Young women came from farms and convent schools in France. The government of France paid for the cost of their trip, which is why they were called the King's daughters. They were married to settlers as soon as they got off the ship.
They had to get right to work. The job of running a household and a farm was mainly the job of a woman. There was little time for breaks. Each season had its share of work to be done.
The first jobs to be done in the spring were tilling the fields and planting crops. Farm tools were not yet widely available so farm work was done by hand. Vegetable and herb gardens were also planted. Animals such as pigs, goats and cows had to be fed and taken care of.
In the fall there was even more work to be done. The crops had to be harvested. Seeds had to be sorted and saved for the next season. Preserves from the fields, garden and orchard had to be prepared to last the winter.
Farm work was less in the winter, but household chores did not lessen. The wives used the winter to catch up on other work. Sheep fleece and flax were spun on a spinning wheel to make fabric for clothes. Clothes were made at home. Farm tools were repaired.
Fille Du Roi Daily Lives
Then and Now
Back then women had no choice but to work in the household and farm. Now a days, women have a choice to be a housemother, business woman, construction builder etc. Today, children get free education instead of working in the house all the time with their mother or father. For years we tried to have equality with both genders, so now women have the right to vote but back then women could not vote. Lastly, now a days women have the same roles as men.