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Does Canada Have Livable Communities?
Transcript of Does Canada Have Livable Communities?
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
What is the Land Being Used for in Canada?
There is 1000 people per 293.4 km2. This is a very low population density for such a large, vast country. Most of Canada's population lives in urban areas. Urban areas are places which are well developed and usually have high populations. Here are types of urban cities and their characteristics:
Manufacturing Cities: people live near factories for ease of finding jobs. There is distribution of products in these areas.
Transportation Hubs: these cities are places that provide transportation functions, such as Winnipeg. This city's early growth started with a railway system.
Tourist cities: these places have attractive physical/human features. This helps with the economy as their earning money from people who are coming yearly to enjoy a city's historic existence.
Government Centers: it provides services for people at local, regional, or nation levels. Enormous amount of activities present such as healthcare and job opportunities.
Resource-Based Communities: communities that are near natural resources that help support the economy.
No, Canada does not have livable communities, as they are inflicted with urban sprawl. Our country has a very low population density, as well. But, at the same time, Canada is putting in an effort to stop rapid urban growth, as many cities are implementing Smart Growth in their communities. There are foundations that recognize urban sprawl and its negative affect on us all in the future, and they are working to sustain the environment.
Although Canada is not the greatest country in this aspect, but in my book, I think it is the greatest country in the terms of putting in the effort to end these problems.
By: Alina Haque
Does Canada have livable communities? We will find out by answering the following questions in the following slides:
What is the land being used for in Canada?
What are the impacts of urban growth?
Why are livable communities important to Canada?
Is Canada improving its situation of urban sprawl?
Using these answer to the questions, we can determine whether Canada has livable communities or not, and if Canada is the greatest country in this aspect.
Most of these areas affect the environment which surrounds the urban city. The reason for this would be that urban cities in general release dangerous toxins into the air. Manufacturing cities, for example, pollutes the air. Take a look at this pie chart:
This proves that manufacturing in industries cause more than half the amount of air pollutants in Canada. This pie chart also proves that transportation hubs also cause a large amount of air pollutants, as the chemicals releasing from cars, trains, subways, etc. are released in the air. These hubs have the most transportation, and transportation causes more than a quarter of air pollutants.
Resource-based communities affect the environment as well. Take a look at the Athabasca oil sands in Alberta. Oil sands are large deposits of crude oil. The mining of the oil destroys the boreal forests in the surrounding area. In order to mine the oil, water is needed from the nearby Athabasca River. The crude oil contaminates the river due to the close proximity from the tar sands. 1,600 cubic meters of toxic water leaks into the river per day. This oil is destroying the environment around it each and every day.
What are the Impacts of Urban Growth?
The one and only positive impact about urban growth is that we can develop technology so people would want to come reside somewhere. Yet, at the same time, there are many negative impacts of urban growth.
Urban growth will soon become uncontrolled, also known as "urban sprawl".This is an issue that relates to uncontrolled expansion of urban areas. It is considered as irresponsible land use as these cities have low population densities (population density: residents living per square kilometer) and many people choose to live sprawled out where they have more property. Forests and agricultural farmlands have to be cut in order to make room for the high demand of large lots for the growing population. Because of this, there is more residential land uses than any other land use, and at the same time commercial and industrial areas, where most people go to work, are too wide spread apart causing our reliance on vehicles to increase. And our reliance on vehicles causes more air pollution, which is dangerous for the environment. Basically, land is accommodated for development outward rather than upward, since we are taking up too much space than necessary.
Why are Livable Communities Important to Canada?
The reason why they are important to Canada is that it helps raise the population density. We need a high population density for the following reasons:
so we won't waste up so much of Canada's space
it avoids displacement of wildlife and the unnecessary cutting of trees
long distances of driving will not be common as most commercial, residential, and industrial land uses will be near by
it makes towns less like like communities as houses and stores will be far away from each other
Canada lacks in livable communities as it only has a population density of 3.75 people per kilometer squared. This is very low as the world itself has a population density of 13.7 people! If we keep on cutting down our forests, farmland, and displacing animals, we will ruin our land. It also affects us because we will have to overuse cars to get to place, and cars equal green house gases, which causes global warming.
Is Canada Improving its Situation of Urban Sprawl?
There are cities that are putting in efforts that want to increase population densities in Canada. Canadian municipalities are looking for a way to make communities more smarter and compact. In B.C., cities such as Squamish and Prince George had planned a process to define what “smart growth” means and to craft plans to implement this new vision. Smart Growth is a new path to increase the population density such as establishing bike paths and walking trails around green places such as farmland. It is also means to create more convenient public transits and malls. And this plan isn't just for B.C, it is all for Canada! Some of the cities who are putting Smart Growth into consideration would be Markham. They want to create the country's first urban food belt. If this plan is approved, they will limit the land being used up for urban growth, and keeping a high population density at the downtown core. They also want to grow their own food on the farmland they have saved. This will protect the farms, forests, and fields.
Ontario's Greenbelt is a foundation that protects green spaces. Over 1.8 million hectare zone of these places were saved in Southern Ontario over the years.
This proves that Canada is making an effort to stop urban sprawl, as they are recognizing their mistake and working together to sustain our future.