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Transcript of Poetry Seminar
Forbidding Mourning A poem by John Donne Questions Stanza 6: Stanza 2: Stanza 3: Stanza 1: John's Early Life John Donne - Born in 1572 in London, England
- He was born into a Roman Catholic family
- John's father, John, died in 1576 leaving his 3 children to be raised by his wife Elizabeth
- Donne was educated at Oxford (1583), Cambridge (1586), and Lincoln's Inn (1592)
- John Donne was an English poet, satirist, lawyer and priest - Extended simile
- Metaphor - John is telling his wife that everything will be okay and their physically separation will not affect their spiritual love
- They must accept their separation the same way that virtuous dying men accept their separation from their souls - John is talking about earthquakes and how when
the earth moves people become frightened
- Many become curious and wonder what is the
cause or meaning
- We experience movement every day when the earth is orbiting but we do not feel it
- When we experience a small earthquake we feel it because it is something so close to us - When two people are bonded together by marriage their souls stay together even when they are separated
- John is referring to two souls that are meant to be one
- The spiritual bond that unites us actually expands; it is like gold which, when beaten with a hammer, widens and lengthens What is the
physical love and
spiritual love? Do you prefer
Why? Do you think this poem
structure fits the theme
and the mood of the poem?
Why or why not? A presentation by Julia Babici and Alyssa Guida A Valediction Forbidding Mourning Stanza 7: Stanza 8: Stanza 9: Stanza 5: Stanza 4: Lines 1-4 - Good men die peacefully and accept death without complaining
- They know when it is time for their souls to move on
- The man who is approaching death has acquaintances with contradicting thoughts about his death ~ Lines 5-8 ~ - Metaphors Lines 9-12 ~ - Metaphor Lines 13-16 - The moon was known to affect human
behavior including love
- John uses the moon as a symbol for physical love
- The love between John and his wife surpasses physical love and cannot be affected by the moon
- When separated, couples that are affected by the moon lose attraction because they no longer have a physical connection ~ - Alliteration Lines 17-20 - Unlike stanza 4, John writes about his love
with his wife
- Their love is so refined that it can still survive without the closeness of eyes, lips and hands ~ - Alliteration
- Synecdoche Lines 21-24 ~ - Paradox
- Simile Lines 25-28 - The compass is a symbol for the love that John and his wife have
- Though he and his wife are separated, like the legs of the compass, they remain united because they are a part of the same soul ~ - Metaphor Lines 29-32 - Even though one end of the compass is fixed (Anne) the moving end (John) affects the fixed end
- Without each other they cannot complete a circle ~ - Metaphor Lines 33-36 - Like a compass completes a circle; wherever John goes he will always return to his wife
- The symbol of the circle reveals the meaning that love is never ending A Spiritual Relationship ~ - Alliteration A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning ~ ~ - In 1601, John secretly married Anne More
- He was imprisoned for a short time which ruined his court career
- His wife was his muse in many of his literary works
- Anne bore him twelve children but sadly five died, very young or at birth
- John left for a period of two months in 1611 to France on a diplomatic mission
- Anne died in 1617 at the age of 33 John's Married Life John's Poetic Career - Before his marriage, John used poetry
as a pass time until he became publicly recognized in 1597
- In 1596–1597 he traveled and on his return he achieved a reputation as a poet and became publicly known
- Throughout his life, John had written over 192 literary works that have made his famous Meaning and Theme - John left his wife Anne, in 1611, for a two month time period to France on a diplomatic mission
- Before he left he wrote her "A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning"
- The title means when we part, we must not mourn
- The poem then explains the spiritual love and bond between them
- Physical lovers weep and sob when separated due to the fact that they dread the loss of physical closeness
- Their souls will remain united even though their bodies are separated Tone - John wrote this poem to his wife, Anne
- Neither one of them are directly mentioned throughout the poem making John an observer
- The poem is addressed to two lovers who are
about to be separated but eventually they will be reunited again
- The poem is being addressed to his wife so she is
not worried about him when he is gone
- John uses symbols to describe his spiritual love
with Anne and then uses the contrasting ideas of physical love One of the main concepts
in this poem is unexpected
imagery and symbolism.
What are some of Donne’s
strangest or most surprising
images and symbols?
How does Donne use symbolism
to advance his themes? How does