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GCSE Music - Melody

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by

Stephen Hackshaw

on 24 November 2011

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Transcript of GCSE Music - Melody

AoS3 - Texture & Melody
Objective:
Learn how to compose an interesting melody
Identify melodic features through listening
Success Criteria:
Use knowledge learnt in lesson to write an interesting
melody with a sequence
Understand all keywords
Starter:
Compose a short melody (a few bars long)

You have
5 minutes
write it down in your books
How did you get on?
Was it difficult?
Does it sound good?
Is it memorable?
Writing an interesting melody
Melodies that are memorable and interesting have several things in common
Listen to the following piece of music and try and pick out why the melody is memorable
Repetition
- the melody is repeated many times, which helps it stick in the listeners mind

It uses a mixture of
conjunct
and
disjunct
movement
Conjunct
- movement in steps e.g. C to D
Disjunct
- movement by larger leaps

e.g. C to G

Sequence
- sequences are groups of notes that are repeated at a different pitch
Sequences
Listen to this piece of music - theme from Men Behaving Badly
Use the sheet to identify where the sequences are
Use small boxes to show the sequences
Use a large box to show where whole
repeats of the melody occur
Example of repetition, cojunct
and disjunct movement
Recap
What do the following mean?

Conjunct movement
Disjunct movement
Sequence
Repetition
Have a go
You have 10 minutes to compose a short melody that includes...
A sequence
Conjunct and Disjunct movement

Aiming for 4 grade:
Put these notes into a sequence - C G F E

Use only white notes

Aiming for 6 grade:
Come up with your own sequence

Aiming for 8/9:
Try and write your sequence in D major - 2 sharps
Notate the sequence in your melody
Writing a melody over a
chord patttern

It's easy to create a melody over a chord pattern by using
just the notes from each chord
First
, write down the notes for each of your chords
Second
, write down 2 notes from each chord in the space provided to
create a simple melody
How can we make it more interesting?

Passing notes
- we can add passing notes between two notes in our melody to join them up. For example...
Try now to find places where you can add a passing note
and write them on your worksheets
Other ways to make a melody
more interesting
Repeat a section of your melody but this time
double or halve the note values
Diminution - Make smaller - halve the note values - crotchet to quaver
Augmentation - Make bigger - double the note values - crotchet to minim
Inversion - take a part or all of your melody and play it as a mirror image -
if the melody goes down in pitch, take it up instead
Retrograde - play parts of it backwards
Your task
Write a
memorable
melody using some of the features discussed today
Aim for your target grade:

Aiming for 4:
Compose a melody that uses both conjunct and disjunct steps
use some passing notes

Aiming for 6:
As the above, but include a sequence and notate your melody

Aiming for 8/9:
Compose in D major, include either augmentation or diminition,
use a variety of note values (quavers, crotchets etc etc).
Have a go at using some notes that are not part of the chords
Plenary: What can you hear?
Listen to these melodies, what features can you hear?
Repetition
Sequence
Conjunct movement
Disjunct movement
Inversion
Diminution
Augmentation
Ornamentation
Self-Starter
Put the following keywords next to
the correct Area of Study
AoS 1 - Rhythm and Metre
AoS 3 - Texture and Melody
AoS 4 - Timbre and Dynamics
Forte Polyphonic Time Signature Crescendo Mezzoforte

Unison Semi-Quaver Triplets Monophonic
Main learning point:
Melodies are mostly made up of notes
from the accompanying chords
Main learning point:
Melodies are mostly made up of notes
from the accompanying chords
Have you managed it?
Find someone else in the class and play them your melody

When listening to another's work listen out for...
Conjunct
AND
disjunct
movement
A
clear sequence
How could they improve it?
Offer suggestions

Be prepared to report back to the class
Listen...
What is the main melodic device/feature used in this piece?
Does anyone know what instrument this is?
Exam tip:
If you hear a harpsichord, it is likely to be from the
Baroque era, therefore the piece is likely to use sequences
Future targets...

In your compositions for Unit 2 and 4 try to use melodies which feature...
A sequence
Conjunct and Disjunct motion

By doing so you will gain a higher mark!

Homework: Prepare for performance assessment in 2 weeks time
AoS3 - Texture & Melody
Objective:
Learn how to compose an interesting melody
to a chord pattern
Develop skills learnt from previous lesson
Success Criteria:
Compose an interesting 8 bar melody that could form the basis of your next composition
Understanding of all keywords
Starter
Watch the video - write down as many song titles as you can!
What do you need to add to your melody from last lesson to turn it into a full composition?
Self-Starter
Write down 3-4 things that you need to do to turn your melody into an actual piece of music
Notice how so many songs use just the same 4 chords!
The key to a good song or piece of music is the melody

If you can develop a good melody in your compositions
you will be able to get much higher marks in your coursework

But how do we use chords and write a melody...
Future Targets
Remember all the keywords from this lesson - aim to try and identify some of these features in music that you listen to

Use several features in your first piece of composition coursework

Practice melody writing at home with different chords


How did it go?
Performances of compositions

Can you hear what devices/features are being used?

Does it sound good?

How could it be improved?
Full transcript