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prezi for Ling 505

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by

Erin Wright

on 6 December 2010

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Transcript of prezi for Ling 505

My motivation According the U.S. Census
there were 48.4 million Latinos in the 2009 One major difference between Spanish and English is morphology.
inflectional affixes
In Spanish, the subject pronoun is usually ommited, except...
emphasis
3rd person out of context
1st person and 3rd person singular in 3 tenses 1. "Yo juego"would emphasize "I"
2. "Juega" could be He plays, she plays, You (formal) play, or "it" when reffering to a pet or animal.
3. "Jugaba" could be I played or one of in 3rd person singular- both in context and out of context. Same for conditional and imperfect subjunctive. The future, conditional, and imperfect subjunctive do not require the auxillary and modal that English does.
eg.

You will/shall play...= Jugarás...
I should/would play... = Jugaría...
If I were president...=Si fuera presidente...

Spanish-speakers may leave out these words in English. 2 English affixes:
"s"-3rd person singular
"ed"- past tense

Spanish-speakers sometimes forget to add the "s"
on the 3rd person because the verb is "play" with all
other subjects.
As we know the "ed" is easier for non-native than irregular past. If ESL teachers (of Latinos) in the U.S. knew
more about Spanish, they would better accommodate their students and be aware of probable mistakes or difficulties that could occur. Dual-language programs:
require teachers to know both English and Spanish
allow students to learn academic English and Spanish
give social support
test scores proven effective Spanish subject pronouns:
I-yo
you-tú
He, she, you (formal)-Él, ella, Usted (Ud.)
We-Nosotros
They-Ellos, Ellas, or Ustedes (Uds.) The nationa The Na The National Center for Education Statistics
reported that in 2008 18% of Latinos dropped out. Spanish-speaking ELLs may leave out the subject pronoun, which is necessary in English.
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