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02.10 Module Project
Transcript of 02.10 Module Project
Article 1: In the first place we grant to God and confirm by this our present charter for ourselves and our heirs in perpetuity that the English Church is to be free and to have all its rights fully and its liberties entirely. We furthermore grant and give to all the freemen of our realm for ourselves and our heirs in perpetuity the liberties written below to have and to hold to them and their heirs from us and our heirs in perpetuity.
…Article 29: No freeman is to be taken or imprisoned or disseised of his free tenement or of his liberties or free customs, or outlawed or exiled or in any way ruined, nor will we go against such a man or send against him save by lawful judgement of his peers or by the law of the land. To no-one will we sell or deny of delay right or justice. — Magna Carta, 1215 This is an excerpt from the magna carta, an official document the king signed giving specific rights to the people in Europe. The Magna Carta, similar to the bill of rights and the constitution, gave more power to the people and formally listed their rights. This introduced the first parliament, and could have been thought of the beginning of democracy. Feudalism in Japan Feudalism in Japan was similar to Europe's but there are a couple differences. The top three parts of the pyramid were basically the same, but the lower class was different. Japan put the status of peasants higher than merchants, because peasants and artisans were responsible for the production of their food and necessary goods, where as merchants just "moved" it. Topographical map and Trade of Japan The History of Japan by Louis G. Perez, Greenwood Press, 1998, page 42.
“Trade goods from China and Korea were silk, brocades, cotton, tea, books, copper coins, and porcelain. Japanese wares were swords, folding fans, sulfur, copper, and silver. Japanese priests on religious pilgrimages often went along on these journeys as well. Chinese and Korean artists, potters, and priests also made the journey to Japan. . . . Japanese merchants ranged far afield in Southeast Asia as well. Whole communities of Japanese merchants set up shop in the Philippines, Siam, Taiwan, and the other islands.”
— Louis G. Perez, The History of Japan,
Chapter 3 This excerpt explains about trade in Japan. It mentions China, Korea, South East Asia, and a few other places, most of which are shown close to Japan on the map. When there were peaceful relations between these places, there was a high amount of trade, and Japan seemed to flourish. When there was tension and war, trade ceased and Japan fell into isolationism. This explanes how trade and economy can affect the development of something. Comparison between Medieval Europe and Japan There were many similarities between the development of medieval Europe and the development of Japan. While there were different religions in Japan, Christianity was basically the only religion in Europe, and the church was very wealthy and important. Even though religion played a more dominant role in Europe, it still influenced certain Japanese aspects, including art and culture. Economy was a huge part of the success of both places, and they seemed to flourish when there was an increase in trade.The Feudal systems were both based on lords who gave vassals land, and received goods and services in return. The social hierarchy was also very similar. The king would have about the same status and the emperor, as well as the nobles and Shogun and Daimyos, and the knights and Samurai. The main difference is just in the lower class, where peasant came before merchants. War also had a huge impact on growth and development, but in different ways. In Europe, war was mainly over religion and it was usually to their benefit, but Japan fought for power and wealth, and it seemed to slow its growth. Both places made choices and performed actions during this time that would affect their modern future. Just like with anything else, there are many differences between the development of Europe and the development of Japan, but they both come down to two main similarities; Religion and Economy. These two things influenced the culture, warfare, actions, and outcomes of both places, and helped shape them into the Europe and Japan we know today. Conclusion