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Music History Culminating Activity

A hip international music lecturer's presentation on historical music styles.
by

Thusha Mathikcantan

on 8 June 2013

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Transcript of Music History Culminating Activity

Welcome everyone, to my music lecture! Fur Elise is quite different from Adada Mazhada pitch wise. Fur Elise has a low, more of a dissonant pitch, while Adada Mazhada is high and more consonant. The two songs contrast pitch wise.
Now we’re going to groove into the rhythm of these songs!
The rhythm is sound through time.
Fur Elise is a slow sluggish yet rhythmic piece. It involves a beat which the inactive calm beat moves on or travels with. It is quite adante. It moves at an indescribable speed. It feels as if it is moving fast yet slow and I think this is because of the dynamics which we will get too very soon in our lecture! There aren’t a lot of staccatos in this song, or any for that matter but there is articulation which brings the whole piece together. It is also legato at a few points n sounds smooth and steady. However as you heard near the middle and the end of the piece it does get a bit more evidentially rhythmic which is a nice turn into the piece. There is quite a bit of rallentando and accelerando throughout this piece as well.
Adada Mazhada is very different from this though. It is rhythmic throughout the whole song and has a jumpy pace. It is quite fast and definitely not sluggish. It is more of a moderato or allegro tempo and is very nice to listen to. Adada Mazhada does not accelerando, but it does rallentando a bit near the end. It definitely has a pulse and tempo of its own, which is a lot more noticeable than it is in Fur Elise. Compared to Fur Elise, Adada Mazhada has a fast beat, but by itself it is moderato. We’ve taken a look at pitch, rhythm, timbre and dynamics. Just texture and form left to go!

Texture is the layering of melody and harmony.

Fur Elise has beautiful texture. It has a memorable tune and melody. It is polyphonic as there is no voice or a voice with an accompaniment. It has melodic lines and has simultaneous melodic lines. The texture is simple yet thick. Adada Mazhada has a similar texture. To start off it also has a nice melody, however it is homophonic since it has a voice and an accompaniment. It has accompaniment parts. It also has simultaneous melodic lines. The texture of Adada Mazhada is thin and not complex as complex. Thank you my friends of the Royal Musicology Conference! I will continue with the rest of this lecture in soon time! Stretch your arms and shake your legs because this lecture will only get better! Many interesting historical events had occurred throughout
the classical period or when Beethoven had created Fur Elise. Beethoven had actually composed Fur Elise on April 27 1810 for Therese Malfatti, whom he was planning on marrying. However this marriage never took place and so Fur Elise had been composed. In fact Beethoven had many problems with love. Also in 1801 Beethoven had performed his Symphony Number 1 in C Major in Vienna. It turned out to be very successful. From 1807- 1815, Beethoven unfortunately faced financial problems as well.
Now for the more general events that occurred throughout the time this music was composed and the classical period. The French Revolution happened from 1789- 1799. In 1791, the American Bill of Rights was passed. The Reign of Terror occurred from September 5, 1793- July 28, 1794. In 1796 the first vaccination was given. In 199 there was a Great Revival in America. Napoleon was crowned Emperor in 1804 and then there was the war of 1812. Yuvan Shankar Raja’s Compositions:

18 Vayathil- Album: Kadhal Kondein
Achutha Achutha –Album: Velai
Aiyaiyo-Album: Paruthi Veeran
Arabu Naade-Album: Thottal Poo Malarum
Bailamo-Album: Bala
Boom Boom-Album: Ram
Cheeky Cheeky-Album: Saroja
En Kadhal-Album: Punnagai Poove
En Kadhal Solla- Album: Paiyaa
Evan Di Unai Pethan –Album: Vaanam
Goa (club mix)- Album : Goa
Iraagai Pole-Album : Naan Mahan Alla
Introduction-Album: Theeratha Villayatu Pillai
Chinna Chinnathai Penne-Album: Mounam Pesiyadhe
Innum Oru Iravu- Album : Thamizh Ma
Cleopatra –Album : Unnakaga Ellam Unnakaga
En Kannodu-Album : Arinthum Ariyamalum
Holiday Jollyday-Album : Manadhe Thirudivittai
Idhu Kadhala-Album : Thuluvatho Illamai
Kadhal Endral –Album : Goa

...and more. These are the stereotypes of classical music. Pieces and compositions from the Classical Era are very well known for the dramatic change in the mood. It was known for mood to change suddenly or gradually within the piece, which expresses the rising rage or depression meant to be portrayed in the piece. Classical pieces don’t really have a steady rhythm. There is flexibility. It may have syncopations, unexpected passes and constant changes between long and short notes. The texture of classical pieces are usually homophonic, however similar to its rhythm, there can be flexibility. Pieces can alter from one to another texture either very smoothly or jerky. It can be homophonic in the beginning and then become a more complex polyphonic texture. Classical melodies are known to be the most tuneful and the easiest to remember. Classical melodies usually sound symmetrical and balanced as they are commonly made up of two phrases of equal length. Pieces from the classical era consist of wild and unrestricted dynamics. Composers liked to use a lot of crescendos and diminuendos to express the edgy emotions. Composers of the Classical Era weren’t very restricted with the use of dynamics like the composers of the Baroque music were.
The music of the Modern Musical Era has characteristics of its own too. You can expect all kinds of modern music to have tone colour, which helps to create variety, stability and mood. Modern music has a lot of noise-like and percussion sounds, as percussion music became popular throughout the century. It consists of wild playing and rhythms, which are now quite normal. Piano has become very useless in the modern music industry. Modern music usually has more dissonance harmony than consonance harmony. There are not much chord progressions either and the melody of modern music has become very abstract and indefinable. In general music has evolved overtime and modern music is its newest addition, stage and style. Beethoven expanded the music of his time period by adding onto the developments and styles of Haydn and Mozart who had dramatically evolved the extent and element of instrumental music. He used their pieces of work as examples to expand on his music. He had created sonatas, the heart of his work, not only by increasing its length a bit, but also by giving the pieces more structure. Beethoven expanded on the music of his time period by bot being afraid to experiment and release his wild ideas. For example his long developed section of the Eroica Symphony, consisted of four parts. The first movement of this symphony was extremely long, but the focus and effort he put into his creation only helped to send a trend and example for composers like him in the future. Beethoven expanded on his music by not being afraid to experiment with all of his wild ideas.

Yuvan Shankar Raja expanded and still continues to expand on the music of his period by similar to Beethoven, not being afraid to experiment with them many ideas he has as a musician. When all the other Tamil compositions sounded alike and he released his new and interesting types of songs, the fans and crowds went wild! An example of this would be when he released his CD album for the movie Ram and in particular the song Arariro. The song went viral because of the sorrow and depression in the song. Yuvan always manages to come up with new and mind blasting tunes and melodies! He also is setting a trend for future musicians. All composers are a part of a trend. I chose to talk about Beethoven and his famous piece Fur Elise with all of you guys because first of all I think Beethoven is an amazing composer and artist. I love that he has his own style and has so much feeling and emotion in his pieces. I admire him because he began to lose his hearing in his late 20s, nevertheless he still managed to compose amazing pieces of work and continued to bring his visions to life. I chose to particularly talk about Beethoven’s Fur Elise because I’ve heard the song as I grew up and I’ve always wanted to play it. In fact I can play it pretty well now. Also when I think Beethoven, it’s the first song that pops into my head. Fur Elise is a beautiful piece and I enjoy it very much!
Then I chose to discuss and compare Fur Elise with Yuvan Shankar Raja’s Adada Mazhada because I love everything he composes. His Tamil songs are amazing and meaningful. I feel that his songs are different and unique. They have interesting lyrics and the melodies are always lovely. I really enjoy his compositions. I chose to talk about Adada Mazhada because of the soothing tune it is has. I also chose it because it is talking about the glory of the rain and its beauty. That’s what Adada Mazhada is basically about and I just adore the rain! I also love the lyrics of this song. The meaning of the lyrics is so heartwarming. I love this song! There were many general international events that occurred during his compositions. One of the many significant historical events was the inauguration of Barack Obama on January 21st, 2011, being the first coloured president in the white house. This was an important event of the time period due to the fact that this broke the barrier between colour and race for all the ethnicities, giving them a ray of hope that they can achieve anything, and whatever they attempt is possible. Another important event of this time period was the terrorist attack in September 2001 or as many label it 9 11 occurred. I feel this could’ve inspired him as a musician, to compose a piece with deep tragedy and deep feeling. Lastly another historical event that occurred during his composition times was the royal wedding. The wedding was also a historical movement for many because a middle class woman married a royal. This event was about love and hope, which is inspiring.
During the time of his composition, Adada Mazhada, there were other significant and specific events that occured. He was requested to compose the Adada Mazhada for a specific movie. The songs were to be based upon the story line and fit within scenes of the movie, Paiya. While composing this song for the movie, another song was released named, Thuli Thuli which was awarded one of the top twenty songs in India in April 2010. This specific event was memorable to me and him because it was the first Tamil song to be part of the top twenties. Also during his composition period he received a Special Jury Award for a Telugu musical, “Oy”. Lastly during that same time period he received several awards from the Isaiyaruvi Tamil Music Awards. Many of these memorable events took place during his composition and individual song releases. Ludwig Van Beethoven’s Compositions:

Fur Elise
Fidelio
Symphony No. 5 (1st Movement)
Sonata No. 1 (1st Movement Allegro)
Sonata No. 1 (3rd Movement: Allegretto)
Sonata No. 1 (4th Movement: Prestissimo)
Sonata No. 5 (1st Movement: Allegro molto e con brio)
Sonata No. 5 (3rd Movement: Prestissimo)
Sonata No. 6 (1st Movement: Allegro)
Sonata No. 6 (2nd Movement: Allegretto)
Sonata No. 6 (3rd Movement: Presto
Piano Trio Opus 11 (1st Movement)
Piano Trio Opus 11 (3rd Movement)
Sonata No. 8 “Pathétique” (1st Movement: Grave, Allegro molto e on brio)
Sonata No. 8 “Pathétique” (2nd Movement: Adagio cantabile)
Sonata No. 8 “Pathétique” (3rd Movement: Rondo)
Sonata for Piano with Horn, Op. 17
Quartet No. 4 in C Minor: 1. Allegro ma non tanto
Quartet No. 4 in C Minor: 2. Andante scherzoso quasi allegretto
Quartet No. 4 in C Minor: 3. Menuetto. Allegretto
Quartet No. 4 in C Minor: 4. Allegro – Prestissimo
Sonata No. 14 “Moonlight”

...and more. Thank you for listening! A great welcome to all of you guys joining me today! Today we’ll explore music’s depths and compare different historical musicstyles! We’re going to have a mind blasting time diving into the elements of music, historical periods and innovations! I’m Neshah Mathikcantan, your young hip lecturer! So get ready to look at one of amazing Beethoven’s famous pieces, Fur Elise, and comparing and contrasting that piece with the unbelievable Tamil song composer, Yuvan Shankar Raja’s very modern and famous piece Adada Mazhada.

Ludwig van Beethoven, an amazing composer indeed. He was a part of the classical era, from 1750-1810. As a composer his pieces were different from others and had a lot of mixed tempers and emotions. He composed for the love it which is really inspiring. At the age of 22, he studied with Haydn but Beethoven’s unexpected temper caused tension. The publishing of music released his music into Europe and therefore being heard all over there. He began to lose his hearing in his late 20s and composed most of his pieces in his head. That’s crazy cool!
In contrast, Yuvan Shankar Raja is a modern Tamil Song composer, who is also very creative with his pieces of music. He is actually a film composer and singer from Tamil Nadu, India. He has always loved music and enjoys creating pieces. He is a very talented young man. He entered the Tamil music industry at a young age of 16 and began his career from there after one job opportunity. Bibliography Now let’s take a look at the specific pieces from these composers and compare and contrast them with the elements of music.
Let’s start off with the pitches of these songs.

The pitch is the melody or harmony of the song.

Fur Elise
It has a range of pitches (it can be high and low)
It has chord progressions near the end
Octave
Minor
Consonant at some points and dissonant at some parts
Range
Contour (the exact sound of a note being in tune)

Adada Mazhada
Alto range (male voice) and soprano range (female voice)
Melody
Low (males voice), high (female voice)
Consonant (has a stable note combo)
Major
High

Fur Elise is quite different from Adada Mazhada pitch wise. Fur Elise has a low, more of a dissonant pitch, while Adada Mazhada is high and more consonant. The two songs contrast pitch wise. Now we’re going to groove into the rhythm of these songs!

The rhythm is sound through time.

Fur Elise is a slow sluggish yet rhythmic piece. It involves a beat which the inactive calm beat moves on or travels with. It is quite adante. It moves at an indescribable speed. It feels as if it is moving fast yet slow and I think this is because of the dynamics which we will get too very soon in our lecture! There aren’t a lot of staccatos in this song, or any for that matter but there is articulation which brings the whole piece together. It is also legato at a few points n sounds smooth and steady. However as you heard near the middle and the end of the piece it does get a bit more evidentially rhythmic which is a nice turn into the piece. There is quite a bit of rallentando and accelerando throughout this piece as well.
Adada Mazhada is very different from this though. It is rhythmic throughout the whole song and has a jumpy pace. It is quite fast and definitely not sluggish. It is more of a moderato or allegro tempo and is very nice to listen to. Adada Mazhada does not accelerando, but it does rallentando a bit near the end. It definitely has a pulse and tempo of its own, which is a lot more noticeable than it is in Fur Elise. Compared to Fur Elise, Adada Mazhada has a bit of a slower beat and by itself it is moderato. Now I’ll be talking a bit about the timbre of these pieces, my favourite element of the six.

The tone quality of sound is the timbre of music.

Fur Elise:
a bit dark
timid
it turns tight throughout the middle of the piece
relaxed
it becomes piercing in the middle of the song
forward
becomes free
intense in the middle
open (especially in the middle, near the end)
it’s heavy sometimes (mainly in the middle) and light near the beginning of the piece
ethereal


Adada Mazhada:
warm
high
bright
energized
round
mellow
it is free from the beginning
quite energize from the beginning to the end
this piece is not too bold or timid it is right in between
pretty light throughout the piece
resonant (sound coming from the tip of the mouth

Fur Elise has a piercing yet peaceful and forward timbre. However in Adada Mazhada there is a more energetic, light, warm and bright timbre. Even though each song’s timbres are different, there are some similarities such as the freedom of the song. In Fur Elise you begin to hear the freedom as you hear it but in Adada Mazhada the freedom starts right from the beginning, all the way to the end. It’s amazing how even the most diverse of songs are still similar in a way! Dynamics is the loudness or the softness of the music.

And now like I promised earlier we will be taking a deep look into each song’s dynamics. Fur Elise starts off soft and then crescendos and becomes louder throughout the middle of the song, the intense part. Then from the middle of the song, it decrescendos and returns back to its tranquil, soft and piano dynamics. It does have a bit of intensity in the middle of the piece as it is the powerful part of the song.
Similarly, in Adada Mazhada the song starts off soft too. It doesn’t remain soft throughout the whole song though. It gradually gets louder (crescendos) into the choruses and in the middle, nearing the end of the song. It is actually mezzo piano in the beginning of the song and then becomes mezzo forte like I said near the choruses and the middle of the song. It does not get too loud though. Ladies and gentlemen you have waited long enough! We will finally be taking a look at the form of these two songs from various historical periods.

The form of a piece is the musical elements through time.

Fur Elise has a shape and structure. It basically has an ABACA form. It has a verse, basically throughout the whole piece. There is repetition in this piece, from the beginning. There is also definite contrast from the beginning of the song compared to the middle and there is variation. Fur Elise has an introduction, repeat and coda as well.
Similar to this, Adada Mazhada has a shape and structure. This song has choruses and verses. The chorus repeats many times giving it repetition as well. There is variation in this but not so much contrast. It is round and has imitation as well. Obviously there is an introduction, a repeat and a coda, which is the concluding passage or ends off the piece. I chose to talk about Beethoven and his famous piece Fur Elise with all of you guys because first of all I think Beethoven is an amazing composer and artist. I love that he has his own style and has so much feeling and emotion in his pieces. I admire him because he began to lose his hearing in his late 20s, nevertheless he still managed to compose amazing pieces of work and continued to bring his visions to life. I chose to particularly talk about Beethoven’s Fur Elise because I’ve heard the song as I grew up and I’ve always wanted to play it. In fact I can play it pretty well now. Also when I think Beethoven, it’s the first song that pops into my head. Fur Elise is a beautiful piece and I enjoy it very much!
Then I chose to discuss and compare Fur Elise with Yuvan Shankar Raja’s Adada Mazhada because I love everything he composes. His Tamil songs are amazing and meaningful. I feel that his songs are different and unique. They have interesting lyrics and the melodies are always lovely. I really enjoy his compositions. I chose to talk about Adada Mazhada because of the soothing tune it is has. I also chose it because it is talking about the glory of the rain and its beauty. That’s what Adada Mazhada is basically about and I myself, just love the rain! I also love the lyrics of this song which talks about the rain and love. The meaning of the lyrics is so heartwarming. I love this song! Thank you for listening! Bibliography -Yuvan World. “Career.” Internet. http://www.yuvanworld.com/p/career.html. June 10, 2011.
-Estrella, Espie. “Music Events During the Classical Period, 1750-1820” Internet. http://musiced.about.com/od/timelines/a/classicalmusic.htm. June 9, 2011.
-Salter, Hannah. “Ludwig van Beethoven’s Biography.” Internet. http://www.lvbeethoven.com/Bio/BiographyLudwig.html. June 15, 2011.
-“Financial Problems and Protectors.” Internet. http://www.all-about-beethoven.com/beethovenmature.html. June 15, 2011
-“World Events.” Internet. http://www.classicalscore.com/classicalperiod.htm. June 9, 2011.
-“Yuvan Shankar Raja’s Recent Work in Film Scores and Soundtracks (2008- Present).” Internet. http://theyuvanshankarraja.blogspot.com/2011/05/yuvan-shankar-rajas-recent-work-in-film.html. June 8, 2011
-“Yuvan Shankar Raja’s Songs. “ Internet.
http://www.thiraipaadal.com/singer.php?SGRID=Yuvan%20Shankar%20Raja&lang=en. June 16, 2011
-“Music Listing- without preview images.” Internet. http://www.mutopiaproject.org/cgibin/make-table.cgi?Composer=BeethovenLv. June 16, 2011
-Oracle, Think Quest. “Characteristics of the Classical Period.” Internet.
http://library.thinkquest.org/27927/Classical_characteristics.htm. June 12, 2011
-Oracle, Think Quest. “Characteristics of 20th Century Music.” Internet.
http://library.thinkquest.org/27927/20%20century_Characteristics.htm. June 12, 2011
-Morrison Reeves Library. “Historic Timeline 1980 – 2000.” Internet. http://www.mrl.lib.in.us/timeln4.html. June 10, 2011
-“Musical Styles and Innovations.” Internet. http://www.beethoven.ws/musical_style_and_innovations.html. June 13, 2011 Fur Elise Adada Mazhada Yuvan Shankar Raja Ludwig van Beethoven
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