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A Pair of Jeans
Transcript of A Pair of Jeans
Basic information about the author
Summary and setting of the story
Pakistani women in the UK
born 1959 in Pakistan
grew up in England
studied in Manchester and Salford
lives in Manchester
Pakistani Women in Britain
Alternating Narrative Perspective
second ending added in 2004: Miriam's rebellion
identification with Miriam: choice of outcome
sets off conflict
iconic symbol of Western culture
clothing: identity (Miriam)
A Pair of Jeans
a short story by Qaisra Shahraz
switching point of view
limited third-person narrators
complexity of multiculturalism
Miriam's college friends
immigration: started in the middle of the 19th century
British Indian Army
World War II
Break-up of the British Empire
independence of Pakistan
member of the Commonwealth
huge increase of immigration in 1950 - 1960
today: 1.2 million
Cultural and sexual discrimination
prejudices against Muslims:
positive picture of Islam
"I have multiple identities. I describe myself as a British Muslim woman of Pakistani origin, who was born in Pakistan and has lived in the UK, in Manchester, since the age of 9. "
"Over the last decade or so there has been a rise in Islamophobia, marginalisation of Muslim communities and hatred towards Islam and Muslims at large."
prejudices against English
and Western culture
oppression of women:
"A Pair of Jeans"
20th Century English Short Stories- Interpretationshilfe by Rainer Jacob
possibility to receive a good education, go to college, university, ...
struggle with traditional image of a muslim woman
possibility to have a respected job with nearly equal conditions
no acceptance of family, friends, ... defined image
get to know a new culture and new people
chance to open your thinking
further education of own personality
find the balance between modern spirit and tradition
loss of own balance
struggling between to worlds
conflict of identity
better opportunities to study ( scholarships etc.)
expectations of women: husband is responsable for income
women: expected to obey husband, raise the children and run the household
Islamic restrictions on women
Positive Effects of Multiculturalism
"The multiple identities have substantially enriched my life. They make me who I am. Fortunately I have not suffered from any cultural clashes or negative ' cultural' experiences."
"The added bonus of having multiple identities is that I am very much into celebrating diversity and valuing people's differences. At the end of the day you are a product of the environment in which you are raised."
Integration: Search of Identity
adapt to Western environment
follow Pakistani traditions
reject English culture
"In order to integrate with mainstream society I don’t have to give up my other identities, which as a human being is my right."