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iPads in the Business Classroom: An Analysis of the Jay S. Sidhu School of Business and Leadership

The iPad Initiative was launched in the fall semester of 2012 in the Sidhu School of Business & Leadership at Wilkes University, a small liberal arts school in Northeastern Pennsylvania. iPads were distributed to all incoming freshman to the School.
by

Matthew Ruch

on 16 October 2013

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Transcript of iPads in the Business Classroom: An Analysis of the Jay S. Sidhu School of Business and Leadership

iPads in the Business Classroom:
An Analysis of the Jay S. Sidhu School of Business and Leadership's iPad Initiative
Matthew J. Ruch
Dr. Jennifer J. Edmonds
Research Question
Are the technological advancements in today's classroom actually enhancing the students' ability to learn or are they a distraction?
Survey Questions????
The questions addressed three key areas:
Hypotheses
Hypothesis #1: Responsible Students

Hypothesis #2: The Instructors' Technological Abilities

Hypothesis #3: Student Performance
Hypothesis #1: Responsible students are less
distracted from class activities
with the incorporation of iPad technology.
Does the time spent doing non-class activities have an impact on whether the student perceives an iPad as distracting?
P-Value: 0.000
Does the time spent taking notes in class have an impact on whether the student perceives an iPad as distracting?
According to students who
spend 10 minutes or less
on non-class activities, their
perception is that iPads
ARE NOT DISTRACTING!
P- Value: 0.000
Students who spend the majority of
class taking notes, have a general
perception that iPads are
NOT DISTRACTING!
Hypothesis #2: The instructors ability to
integrate and demonstrate iPad technology is negatively correlated with distraction from class activities.
Does the teachers ability to use the technology have an impact on a students perception of the iPads being distracting?
R^2 = 0.2575
P-Value = 0.7328
Hypothesis #3: Student performance on
formal assessment activities increases with incorporated and in-class use of iPad technology.
Do iPads have a positive or negative effect on study habits?
Significant Results
Hypothesis #1: Responsible Students






Hypothesis #2: The Instructors Technological Abilities
Hypothesis #3: Student Performance
Insignificant Results
Hypothesis #1: Responsible Student
Hypothesis #2: The Instructors' Technological Abilities





Hypothesis #3: Student Performance
Other Findings
Does note taking preference, such as pen and paper versus notability, have an effect on whether a student perceives an iPad as distracting?
Limitations
Small Sample Size
Limited Repetitions
The Instructor Effect
The PPD Effect
Differences in Entering Student Demographics
Gender/International Students
Identity
Preference
Behavior

Future Research
Student Performance
Student Behavior
Pedagogical Practices
School iPad & Tablet Deployments, Feb 2013
Eric Lai @ ZDNet
Motivation & Incentives
Distractions & Other Obstacles
Deployment Specifics
K-12
Undergraduate
Graduate
iPad Deployments
Motivation & Incentives
...for iPad Deployments
Distractions & Other Obstacles
Class-by-class
Semester-by-semester
Short term pilot
Lease
Purchase
iPad Deployment Specifics
Convenient access to ...
The Internet
University Library Resources
Class Resources
News Outlets
Social Networking

Indifference
Note taking
Textbooks
Major Outcomes
…of iPad Deployments
The purpose of the iPad Initiative in the Sidhu School of Business &Leadership at Wilkes is to enhance undergraduate student learning and classroom experiences.
Initial roll out to freshmen only (n=50).

All students enrolled in TWO common courses (IME (3) & PPD (1)).

iPads are leased and for use while students are enrolled full-time as Sidhu School majors.
Wilkes iPad Initiative
Two Sample Hypothesis Test for the Proportion
Two Sample Hypothesis Test for the Proportion
P-Value: 0.073
Two Sample Hypothesis Test for the Proportion
Regression Test
Gender
Negative Behavior
Positive Behavior
Notetaking Preference
Materials Preference
Positive Behavior
Who's Distracted?
Who's studying more efficiently?
Who needs assistance?
Which Apps do you Prefer using?
.
Students who spend 10 minutes or less on non-class activities do not believe that the iPads are a classroom distraction.
Students who spend the majority of class taking notes do not believe the iPads are a distraction.
Although the overall results were not significant at the 5% level, the data suggests that the students who perceive the iPads as distracting rely more on the instructors' knowledge of iPad technology.
SAT Scores: F11 = 1043 F12 = 1010

The class average for IME Section A has increased throughout the semester and year to year.
70% of the class are "Responsible Students" (57% prefer eMaterials)
60% of top 100 deployments
7% of top 100 deployments
Long Island University
Vancouver & CDI College
Hult International (BUS)
Seton Hill University
Abilene Christian University
Buena Vista University
Univ. of Minnesota (ED)
Technology




Pedagogy




Social
Reed College
Univ. of Western Sydney
Illinois Institute of Technology
Framingham State University
Technology





Pedagogy




Social (Collaboration)
Cost Savings -> transition to paperless teaching & learning
transition to eBooks

the iPad itself -> battery life, size, resolution, etc.
Experiential, Informal & Participatory Learning
Shift from 'Sage on the Stage' to 'Guide on the Side'
Emphasis on Critical Thinking and Smart Use of Information
Peer 2 Peer
Student 2 Faculty
Student 2 Content (students more willing to ENGAGE)
Learning Management Systems
Internet, News Outlet
Library Resources
(Merrill, 2009;
Angst & Malinowski, 2010;
Pearlman, 2010)
(Framingham State, LIU, UWS)
(Pearlman, 2010; Davis, 2011;
Rossing, 2012)
(Framingham State, IIT, Seton Hill)
The iPad itself (keyboard, glossy surface, etc.)
Insufficient Infrastructure
Insufficient Training & Support
eBook adoption not yet widespread
Teachers as Reluctant Adopters (of technology)
Insufficient Training & Support (of students)
(LIU, Wilkes, ...)
(Davis, 2011)
(Posey et al., 2010;
McKenzie, 1999;
Davis, 2011)
(Moore, 1997)
Social distractions can come from both physical and virtual dimensions.
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