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Causes of the Civil War
Transcript of Causes of the Civil War
Causes of the Civil War
--New states: Missouri and Maine
--Missouri admitted as a slave state
--Maine admitted as a free state
--36 deg. 30'N dividing line, any state admitted above it was free, any state below could decide if they wanted slavery
--Put off Civil War, but did not solve issue of slavery
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Uncle Tom's Cabin--1852
--Dred Scott (a slave) sues for his freedom
--Supreme Court ruled that African Americans weren't citizens. Didn't have a right to sue
--Illegal to prohibit slavery in new states (cannot deprive people of their property w/o due process)
Dred Scott v. Sanford--1857
Election of 1860
Civil War: North vs. South
--Plan to admit territory from Mexico as free states
--Encouraged more anti-slavery movement
New states coming into the Union upset the balance of power in Congress (give North or South the advantage in lawmaking)
Compromise of 1850
--New state: California
--Compromise said CA is a free state, but every new state admitted after that gets to CHOOSE whether they are slave or free
--Overthrows Missouri Compromise (remember 36'30?)
--Also had a provision called the fugitive slave act...return runaway slaves
--Abolitionists were furious
--Wrote it in response to fugitive slave law
--Shows brutal picture of slavery in the south
--Encouraged abolitionist movement
--New states: Kansas and Nebraska
--Get to decide whether they are
free or slave states
--Violence "bleeding Kansas"
--2 governments: pro and anti slavery
--Kansas enters union: FREE
--Abraham Lincoln vs. 3 democratic candidates
--The election of Lincoln was the last straw for southerners
--December 1860: South Carolina secedes
The causes of the Civil War are two fold:
1) The issue of slavery
2) The imbalance of power in Congress that resulted from the issue of slavery
What does the map tell you about the political situation in the US before the Civil War?
which we received after the Mexican American war (1846-1848)
First, some background info:
Based on this graph, what caused a rise in slavery in the 19th century?
--Slavery grows (due to the cotton gin)
--After the 2nd
grows (religious involvement in social justice issues)
--Tariff of 1828
protects Northern industry by putting expensive taxes on imports, but harms southern economy
Using chapter 2.3...Create a Venn diagram that compares and contrasts the Northern and Southern states before the Civil War. Your Venn diagram should address the following specific points:
--Advantages/disadvantages in the war