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Christopher Columbus

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Mary Z.

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus was born October 31, 1451 Christopher was an explorer, navigator, and colonizer. Christopher was born in the Republic Of Genoa Christopher was Roman Catholic. He lived in Genoa, Italy. Christopher Columbus represented Spain because of his voyages. When was Christopher Columbus born? Where did Christopher Columbus live? What was Christopher Columbus? What was his religion? What nation did he represent and why? Was he educated? Christopher Columbus received a small amount of education when he went to Monastery until the age fourteen. He learned the basics of Latin and Mathematics. During his early sea life, before his voyages to "India" he learned astrology and geography. He also learned map making from his younger brother Bartholomew. Most of his education came from his teen years on the sea. What was the motivation for his travels? 1. Profit - hoped that sailing west, he'd reach India and China faster. He wanted to buy spices, bring them back to Europe, to sell for huge profit. 2. Religion - wanted to bring Catholicism to the natives, where ever he ended up. First Voyage (1942-1493) The expedition left from Spain in early August in 1492. The Nina, Pinta , and the Santa Maria, sailed first to the Canary Islands, where repairs were made and additional food was taken aboard. On October 12 Columbus arrived on a Bahamian island that Columbus named San Salvador. The explores with Columbus believed they had landed on outlying islands of Asia, but they didn't know if they had approached India, China, Japan, or Indonesia ( That were the Spice Islands). Christopher explored many parts of the Caribbean. He sighted Cuba and sailed the Santa Maria to Hispaniola. The crew and all supplies had to be removed from the damaged ship and a small fort was on the island. Leaving a portion of his crew on Hispaniola, Columbus caught the Gulf Stream for his return trip to Spain. He went to present Ferdinand and Isabella (king and queen) with just small gold nuggets and jewelry, but assured them he had found islands and countries like China and Japan. Columbus was well received by the monarchs, who quickly arranged a second voyage. Second Voyage (1493-1496) The expedition that departed from Cadiz in September 1493. There were 17 ships with officers and crews, and colonists and a wide variety of livestock. The aims of the venture were clear: to establish colonies and discover gold and silver. Columbus went back to Hispaniola where he discovered the fort in ruins and the bodies of some of the colonists in shallow graves; no survivors were found. Historians assumed that the natives and the white settlers were wiped out in a battle. Columbus spent much of 1494 exploring other islands, like Jamaica and southern Cuba. He did not know it was Cuba and was convinced that it was part of China. Many colonist avoided the hard labor and spent most of their time searching for gold. Columbus dealt with the labor issue by caving in to the demands of the colonists who wanted to enslave the natives to the work force. Conditions remained and many settlers boarded ships to return to Spain, where they reported their displeasure to the crown. 1496, Columbus left the struggling colony. His brother Bartholomew was left in charge of the settlement. The second voyage resulted in the establishment of a weak colony on Hispaniola and the discovery of little in the way of mineral wealth. Third Voyage (1498-1500) The third voyage departed from Seville (Spain) in May 1498, with only six ships. The ships were divided into two groups, one went immediately for Hispaniola and the other under Columbus to continue the search for China. The exploration party touched land first at Trinidad off the coast of Venezuela, then sailed toward the mainland. A sighting of a river convinced Columbus that he was on the shores of a major continent, not another Island. He sailed next for the settlement on Hispaniola, and it was not very good there. Complaints to Spanish officials were so frequent that a royal governor was dispatched to the colony in 1500. Columbus was arrested and shipped back to Spain in chains. Ferdinand and Isabella, who wanted to spare the explorer from imprisonment, but the height of his influence had clearly passed. Fourth Voyage (1502-1504) Columbus was not able to go on another adventure until May 1502, when he sailed with four ships from Cadiz. His desire to locate China and its wealth was coupled by a need to restore his reputation. Columbus was denied permission to enter the colony of Hispaniola, where he remained a very unpopular figure. Columbus sailed along the coast of Central America, hoping to find an opening that would allow him to reach the shores of the Far East. In December 1502, Columbus attempted to return to Hispaniola. He was ill, losing his eyesight, and his ships were rotting and on the verge of sinking. He landed in Jamaica, where the entire crew sought refuge. Two sailors volunteered to canoe to Hispaniola to find rescue. The crew members completed their journey, but took almost a year before sending aid to Columbus. He returned to Spain and heard that Queen Isabella was dying. Without her support he could not go back to the New World Later on in the years he died in 1506. He is honored as a great explorer for discovering the Americas. Who did his travels benefit? Whose lives did his travels hinder? Benefited Spain, Europe, and Americas. Uncovered the Americas to European countries. This began an exploratory race by most European countries. How it benefited Spain Spain grabbed hold of Atlantic trade system, began to exploit South America continent. It benefited the Mother country with the income and it expanded the Spanish culture. Whose lives did his travels hinder. The Native Americans. He brought across foreign diseases, killed off the native americans. These diseases have spread across the country, and where he had traveled. What type of impact did his travels have on Globalization? The Columbian Exchange. Widespread of animals, culture, human populations (including slaves), plants. And ideas between western and eastern hemisphere, following voyages by Christopher Columbus. His wife was Filipa Moniz Perestrelo. His children Diego and Fernando Columbus Christopher was Italian. Born: 1451
Died: 1506
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