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Transcript of Professional Development
Aaron Beckman Professional Development What Is Professional Development?
(PD) What If Teachers Never Took the Time to Enhance Their Knowledge? Schools today are facing an array of complex challenges such as
increasingly diverse populations
integrating new technology into their classrooms
continual expectations to meet the academic standards of all the learners in their classrooms PD generally refers to on going opportunities for teachers and other educational personnel to learn and expand learning through their schools and districts. PD is believed to be vital to school success and teacher satisfaction! There are a variety of people (not just teachers) that partake in PD sessions i.e.- officers, lawyers, health care aids, accountants etc. Individuals may participate in PD for many reasons:
-interest in life long learning
- for moral obligations
-to maintain their professional competence
- to enhance their career progression
- to keep up to speed with the newest technology and practices
-to simply comply with professional regulatory organization All factors which stress the need for teachers to be able to enhance and continually build on their instructional knowledge, to meet these ever changing adaptations within the school system. Historically PD was focused on the "workshop approach". Here the district or school would bring in an outside consultant or curriculum expert on a staff development day to give teachers a onetime, one day training seminar on a specific subject area topic. "No Child Left Behind" Act of 2001 however- supports long-term, ongoing workshops, and defines all of the PD funded through the law to include activities that "are not one-day or short term workshops or conferences". How Were Your SAGE conferences this year? Anything you liked?
(2 minute discussion) PD opportunities can range from single workshops to semester-long academic courses; to services offered by a group of different PD providers which vary widely with respect to their philosophy, content and format of the learning experiences. Reflective Supervision consists of three building blocks
Regularity One day workshops are a great introduction into certain topics and may provide a variety of great information and resources that teachers can bring back for classroom use i.e.- SAGE To further deepen one day seminars, individuals can pair such one day practices with other ongoing opportunities. There are a variety of ongoing approaches to PD which include: Consultation
Communities of practice Lesson Study
Reflective Supervision and Technical Assistance Many Countries actually have PD requirements for school teachers Consultation PD Assists individuals or groups of individuals to clarify and address immediate concerns through a systematic problem solving approach. There is an increasing demand for school systems to meet the diverse and complex needs of individuals with social, cognitive, and behavioral challenges. Certain organizations have collaborated to design and implement effective interventions and programs for educators.
YouthCare customizes the needs of each school or program. All packages they create include goal setting and planning of the consultation process. Coaching/Mentoring To enhance a person's competence in a specific skill area by providing a process of observation, reflection and action. It is a process in which the "coach" interacts with the "coachee" in a very personalized manner to improve the coachees performance in a specific skill or area. The key is that this type of approach is focused on one specific skill or outcome. Two types of Coaching: Peer coaching and Expert Coaching
and Internet based coaching In any case the coaching process consists of having regular scheduled meetings that focus on a goal which is part of an organizations formalized PD i.e.- a teacher learning how to integrate using a smartboard into the classroom. The coach would need to understand their coachees teacher style, and be able to highlight certain tools available on the smartboard. Internet Based Coaching Example:"Live Online PD" (LOPD)- an online program that offer help in math courses for teachers. It is team-based with coaching experts helping teachers develop and achieve shared goals. Coaching can either be local or from around the world, so that teachers get the appropriate training they require. As teachers it is our obligation to keep up with relevant information to be passed on to our students, we must not fall behind! The Domain The Community The Practice Communities of Practice
(CoP) Used to improve professional practice by engaging in shared inquiry and learning with people who have a common goal. Also known as learning networks, thematic groups, tech clubs etc. Here people engage in a process of collective learning, who share a concern/passion for something that they do and learn how to do it better, as they interact regularly. Each community of practice has three specific characteristics: These are not merely a group or club of friends that get together. This community has a specific identity defined by a shared domain of interest. The members which engage in joint activities and discussions help each other through sharing information. The key is that they must interact with one another i.e.- a simple website is not considered a CoP. They may practice alone, but collaborate together. They develop a shared collection of resources i.e.- experiences, tools and so forth. CoP's Can be small, large; local, cover the globe (where they would meet online)... let check one out right here in Canada! Lesson Study Here individuals learn to solve dilemmas related to instruction through participation with other professionals through a systematic examining practice. Here teachers join together to plan, observe, teach and debrief a lesson. Throughout this process the lesson study team focuses on understanding student learning. They believe that: Students are at the center of learning
Developing their own knowledge and skills is important
Learning collaboratively to acknowledge and acquire the wizdon and contributions form outside experts, which helps them to succeed. Teachers can subscribe to the lesson study electronic mailing list! http://www.tc.edu/lessonstudy/listserv.html The Lesson Study (Listserv) connects subscribed members to 800+ individuals across the country who are interested or engaged in lesson study. Here you can make announcements about lesson study events or resources, post questions, raise issues, discuss concerns, share insights, or exchange advice with others about lesson study and related topics (Teacher College, 2004). Reflective Supervision Here Supervisors (similar to coaches) work with teachers to reflect on their lessons and any problems they may be faces. As a team they explore these issues together to help make them better. They will meet on a regular basis, and the teacher will provide any materials i.e.- lesson plans to discuss.
The supervisor and teacher work together to plan steps for success in overcoming any barriers, and collaborate their ideas.
*Note*- the goal of the supervisor is to help the teacher answer their own questions. Supervisors provide the necessary support and knowledge to help guide decision making. http://ctlt.ubc.ca/programs/communities-of-practice/