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Poetry - Literary Devices

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by

Mari Murdock

on 18 October 2015

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Transcript of Poetry - Literary Devices

Patterns
writers use to create
art
,
depth
, and
meaning
.

CHOICES MATTER!

1. Notice the patterns
2. Identify the devices
3. Analyze WHY
Literary Devices
Syntax
- Word Order
The
organization of words
in sentences: the
order
ing of and
relationship
between the words.
Alliteration
- Aaaaaaa
A
lice
a
te
a
pples
a
nd
a
pricots in
A
ugust.
Diction
- Word Choice
"Every word in a poem counts" (12).
On the final exam
Poetry - Literary Devices
"
Where
a poem takes a reader is inseparable from
how
it takes the reader" (12).
"
Slow down
,
pay attention
, and
allow the language of the poem to work
" (12).
Figurative Language
"[Poets] abandon literal language because the
emotional energy
of their thoughts can be expressed more effectively in figurative language" (13).
Person
ification
Simile
- Like or As
A comparison that often uses the words
like
or
as
.
Imagery
- Word Pictures
He charged like an angry bull.
Rhyme
- Similar Sounds
I've hunted near. I've hunted
far
.
I even looked inside my
car
.
I've lost my glasses. I'm in
need
To have them now, so I can
read
.
I loudly swear and I
curse
.
Did I leave them in my
purse
?
Are they behind the sofa, under the
bed
?
Oh there they are - on my
head
!


Rhythm
- Sound's Beat
Rhythm is a
musical quality
produced by the
repetition
of
stressed
and
unstressed
syllables.
Stanzas
a poem's "paragraphs"
Italian / Petrarchian
14 lines
8 lines =
a
bb
a a
bb
a

6 lines =
c
d
e
c
d
e
or
c
d
c
d
c
d



English / Shakespearean
3 quatrains =
a
b
a
b
/
c
d
c
d
/
e
f
e
f
heroic couplet =

gg



Spenserian
3 quatrains =
a
b
a
b
/
b
c
b
c
/
c
d
c
d
heroic couplet =

ee
Sonnet
Sonnet
Lines
Shall
I
/
com
pare
/
thee

to
/
a

sum
/
mer
'
s

day
?
1 2 3 4 5
Thou

art
/
more
love
/
ly

and
/
more
tem
/
per
ate
:
1 2 3 4 5
Go vs. Walk vs. Gallop vs. Meander vs. Saunter

Ethos
,

Logos
,

Pathos

Word Level
- Difficult or simple? Common or
jargon? What does it
say
about the writer?

Denotation
- What does that word mean?
What does the dictionary say about it?

Connotation
- What does it remind you of?
How does it make you feel? What other
words or feeling or nouns are associated
with it?

The
man
ate the
apple
. vs. The
apple
ate the
man
.
Word order may be changed to
emphasize
, or
heighten the connection
between two words.
The

old

man carries the
young
,
fat

pig
.
The
fat

man carries the
old
,
young

pig
.
The
young

pig

carries the

old
,
fat

man
.
W
a
lter w
a
lked t
i
redly wh
i
le hoping to f
i
nd where W
a
lly w
a
s.
The same first letters in multiple words.
Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a
meaning that is
different
from the literal interpretation.

LIKE
AS
My house is yellow
like
the sun.
I painted my house
as
yellow
as
the sun.
LIKE
AS
He could hear the footsteps of doom nearing.
The taste of that defeat was bitter indeed.
The dog's fur was silky, but when it got wet, it was slimy like frog skin.
I smelled the sour dirty laundry
spilling over the basket in the hall.
End Rhymes:

C
AT
B
AT
F
AT

M
AT
R
AT
S
AT
PLATE EIGHT BAIT
STRAIGHT NITRATE
Beginning Rhymes:

FI
ST

FI
NS

FI
BS
FICTITIOUS PHYSICAL FIZZLE PHYSIOLOGY
A
A
B
B
C
C
D
D
IAMB /
˘

¯
/
Good
-
bye
A
horse
!
To

seek
Sub
scribe
TROCHEE /
¯
˘
/
Aw
ful
Tri
umph
Sto
ries
Burn
it
.
ANAPEST /
˘

˘
¯
/
Hallow
een
Twas the
night
In the
deep
Unsub
scribe
DACTYL /
¯
˘ ˘
/
end
lessly
mus
ical
This
is

the

Just
for

fun
SPONDEE /
¯ ¯
/
Hey you
!
Come here
!
BANG
!
BANG
!
Downtown
Four Stanzas
First, Second, Third
1
2
3
English Sonnet's Meter:
I
amb
ic
Penta
meter
Meter
=
Fo
ot
+
Fo
ot
+
Fo
ot
+
Fo
ot
+
Fo
ot
/
˘

¯
/
˘

¯
/
˘

¯
/
˘

¯
/
˘

¯
/
1 2 3 4 5
Shakespeare's "Sonnet 18"
Shall I compare thee to a summer's
day
?
A
Thou art more lovely and more
temperate
:
B
2 lines = couplet
3 lines = triplet or tercet
4 lines = quatrain

5 lines = quintet
6 lines = sestet
8 lines = octave
1
2
3
4
Symbols
metaphors
allegories
Assonance
and
Consonance
Punctuation
: . - , () ! ? ; "'
Enjambment
/ ¶
http://literarydevices.net/syntax/
Full transcript