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Subject Verb Agreement Part 1

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by

Jenn Keigher

on 7 October 2013

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Transcript of Subject Verb Agreement Part 1

Agreement Rules
Subject Verb Agreement
A phrase or clause that
interrupts a subject and
its verb does not affect
subject-verb agreement.
Rule #1:
In the present tense, subjects and verbs must agree in number.
Singular
Plural
subject
Singular
verb
subject
:
:
Plural
verb
However, in the present
tense, nouns & verbs
form plurals in
ways.
opposite
ADD an to the singular form
Nouns
Verbs
REMOVE the from the singular form
S
S
Example:
The dog chases the cat.
subject
verb
singular
no "s"
singular
"s"
Example:
The dogs chase the cat.
subject
verb
plural
"s"
plural
no "s"
In order for a subject
and verb to agree,
both must be singular
or both must be plural.
Remember:
It is the subject
that determines
the verb.
Practice
The dirty dishes (need/needs) to be washed.
What is the subject?
Is the subject singular
or plural?
Which verb agrees?
More Practice
1. Before 1940, most Hungarians (was/were) farmers.

2. Today, many people (works, work) in industry.

3. When thinking of the past, my uncle (remembers, remember) the restrictions of Communist party rule.

4. Since the fall of the communist government, a great change (has, have) occurred.

5. Today, the citizens (elects, elect) their leaders.
Now it's your turn to try
What does this mean
A
singular
subject must have a
singular
verb;
a
plural
subject must have a
plural
verb.
Identify the subject
When making a verb agree with its subject...
Determine whether it is singular or plural
Choose the verb that agrees
Rule #2:
Review:
Subject:
The person, place, thing, or idea
that a sentence is about
Verb:
Tells what the subject does or is
What does this mean
Don’t get confused by the words that come between the subject and verb; they do not affect agreement.
Remember, it is the subject that determines the verb.
Example:
The dog, who is chewing on my jeans, (is, are) usually very good.
Take out the clause between the subject and the verb.
Is the subject singular or plural?
Which verb agrees with the subject?
Now it's your turn to try
Practice
1. In Hungary, a system of multiple parties (guarantees, guarantee) electoral choice.

2. The legislative body, representing local and national interests (holds, hold) office for four years.

3. Hungary's Supreme Court, the final court of appeals, (comprises, comprise) two citizens and one judge.

4. Members of the Socialist Workers' party no longer (attracts, attract) much popular appeal.

5. Citizens, exercising their right to vote, currently (seems, seem) to prefer the more conservative political party.
Rule #3:
A compound subject joined by
is generally plural and
must have a plural verb.
and
What does this mean
Two subjects joined by and usually
need a plural verb.
The cow and the pig (is, are)
jumping over the moon.
Example
Which verb agrees with the subject?
Why?
What is the compound subject?
Practice
1. East Germany and West Germany (is/are) now reunited under a federal republic.

2. Each state and major city (has, have) some Social Democrats and some Christian Democrats.

3. East Germany and West Germany (is, are) united.

4. The ministers and their assistants (discusses/discuss) a new bill.

5. Give and take (are/is) a rule of negotiations.
Now it's your turn to try
However, there
are two exceptions
to this rule.
1. If the parts of the
compound subject are
the same thing or thought of as one item, then a singular verb is needed.
Example
Germany's capital and largest city
is Berlin.
2. If the word every or the word each comes before a compound subject, then a singular verb is needed
.
Example
Each issue and proposal is discussed.
The word each precedes the compound subject of issue and proposal; therefore, a singular verb is needed.
Berlin is Germany's largest city and capital;
therefore, a singular verb is needed.
Singular
(he/she/it)
walks
selects
comes
provides
includes
Verbs
Plural
(they)
walk
select
come
provide
include
Nouns
Singular
Plural
boy
candidate
teacher
chair
car
boys
candidates
teachers
chairs
cars
The dog

chases
the cat.
The dogs

chase

the cat.
Uncle Stanley and his girlfriend, Kira, is coming to visit me next weekend. Unfortunately, neither of
them are very interesting. Every time they visit, Kira sleeps about eighteen hours a day, and Stanley
tells childhood stories over and over. There is only about three stories in his entire repertoire, and,
although he finds them amusing, neither his stories nor his one and only joke are funny at all. I try to get him to discuss other topics, but economics are his only real interest, and I don’t find that topic very interesting either. I hate to admit it, but I hope the days they spend with me passes quickly.
Making good decisions are one of my strengths. When I face a decision, I think about the
different choices that is possible. Each of the choices provide its own good point, and each
also provide its own downside. The key to effective decisions unlock the best options.
Making good decisions is one of my strengths. When I face a decision, I think about the
different choices that are possible. Each of the choices provides its own good point, and each
also provides its own downside. The key to effective decisions unlocks the best options.
What is the point of subject verb agreement?
The point of subject-verb agreement is to express ideas clearly and logically and to make a good impression as a well-educated writer or speaker.
Present Tense Agreement
Singular
Subject
and
Verb
Plural
Subject
and
Verb
First Person

I

write

We

write
Second Person

You

write

You

write
Third Person
He
She
It
writes
They
write
Full transcript