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THE SPANISH INQUISITION
Transcript of THE SPANISH INQUISITION
WHO WAS INVOLVED?
WHY WAS THE INQUISITION CREATED?
• Used for both religious and political reasons
• Designed to change and purify the people of Spain
• Came out of a religious struggle within Spain because of many different beliefs in God including Catholicism, Protestantism, Islam and Judaism
• Ferdinand and Isabella wanted to unify Spain into a stronger country and to keep Spain under one religion
• The pope gave permission to start the Spanish Inquisition
• Created to punish the heresy
• Ferdinand and Isabella chose that Catholicism was the only true faith in Spain
WHAT WAS THE MAIN PURPOSE OF THE INQUISITION?
• Created to torture and kill anybody who wasn’t Catholic or didn’t believe in God
• Started to drive out the Jewish using many torture and punishment methods and many others who didn’t believe including strappado and the rack
• The inquisition was created in order to discover and punish non- Catholic people who were insincere
• Created to make non-believers feel guilty for converting their culture
• It wasn’t just the Jewish but also anyone else who misread the bible or wasn’t Catholic in Spain
DID THEY ACCOMPLISH WHAT THEY SET OUT TO DO WITH THE INQUISITION?
The Spanish Inquisition was starting to lose their power in 1834 because the Protestants were too powerful
• The Protestants gained support from the British, Swedish, German, Dutch, and the Swiss government
• The Inquisition was quite successful in doing what they set out to do. They burned almost 1000 people
• The inquisition was ended in the 1800s by King Bonaparte
HOW DID THE SPANISH INQUISITION CHANGE THROUGH TIME?
WHEN DID THE INQUISITION END AND WHY DID IT END?
It did not end officially until 1834 - a good 350 years after it began
The Spanish Inquisition had made sure that there was absolutely no religious freedom
For centuries Judaism and Islam were outlawed
The pope tried to use the Inquisition agents the growing protestant movement in the 1500’s, but the protestants were too strong
A member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches
King Bonaparte had called of the inquisition
WHAT WERE THEIR ROLES?
Ferdinand and Isabella were responsible to keep the Inquisition going and to lead
Thomas de Torquemada was the inquisitor-general (head of the inquisition); was reponsible for the torture and the execution
Spanish kings controlled the inquisition
The Roman Catholics were responsible for converting non-believers and people from other religions
Protestants, Muslims, Jews, and non-believers were expected to follow/be converted in becoming a Catholic
Torturers tortured anyone who didn't follow the Roman Catholic faith
King Ferdinand & Queen Isabella
King Ferdinand II
Thomas de Torquemada
A quarry is something or someone that a society is trying to go against
The quarry of the Spanish Inquisition was anybody who wasn’t Catholic
This is because King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella were trying to unite Spain
Religions included the Jews, Muslims, Protestants, and other non- believers who didn’t want to be converted into the Catholic faith
WHO WAS THE QUARRY AND WHY?
by: Jessica, Tahminah, Daniel, Avery & Gianna
The Spanish Inquisition originally started in 1231 as the papal inquisition as a means of stopping the albigenisan heresy and preventing further ones. At the end of the heresy, the inquisition became very obscure until 1478 when it was reinstated by the Spanish monarchy. This inquisition was not aiming to stop heresy but instead wanted to make sure all of Spain followed one religion, Catholicism. This inquisition became the most substantial of the various forms of the wider Christian inquisition. The inquisition intensified in 1492 and 1501 after new royal decrees were issued stating that the Jews and Muslims had to convert or be exiled. No one really knows why the king and queen of Spain reinstated the inquisition, but some believed reasons include increasing authority, decreasing opposition, suppressing Jews, profiting from property confiscation and various other reasons. The inquisition was officially abolished in 1834 during the reign of Isabella the second due to decrease in influence.
WHAT WERE THEIR ROLES?
Manuel Godoy and Antonio Acala Galiano were openly hostile to it
The inquisition was abolished during the domination of Napoleon and the reign of Joseph Bonaparte (1808-1812)
Juan Antonio Llorente, who was the Inquistion’s general security in 1789 published a history in 1817
Was abolished largely because the Holy Office’s condemnation
Joseph Bonaparte ended the inquisition partly because Napolean, his older brother, was against the pope
The original inquisition had lots of killings and people getting tortured
Later during the Ominous decade, the Inquisition was not formally re-established
Although it returned under the so-called Congregation of the Meetings of Faith by King Ferdinand
They then executed the last heretic, the school teacher Cayentano Ripoll
The liberal deputies of the Cortez of Cadiz also wanted to abolish largely because of the Holy Office’s condemnation of the revolt against the French Invasion
WHO GAINED THE MOST FROM THE INQUISITION AND WHAT DID THEY GAIN?
Tomas de Torquemada: Being an Inquisitor General, he gained respect and treated as the holy one for executing around 2000 Spaniards. He was known as the GRAND INQUISITOR.
Ferdinand: He took control and had a lot power on religious courts and places.
Isabella: She ruled the country by thinking it was united by executing other religions and believing in only Roman Catholic.
WHO WAS BEHIND THE CHANGE?
WHAT WAS THE MAIN REASON FOR THE CHANGE?